Charles Camp Doolittle


Charles C. Doolittle (as Colonel of 18th Michigan)

Charles Camp Doolittle (1832–1903) was born in Burlington, Vermont, the son of Matthew Jesse Doolittle (1797-1875) and Elizabeth Camp (1804-1856). He attended school in Montreal, Quebec, and moved to New York City in 1847, finally settling in Hillsdale, Michigan, where he was a store clerk. He married Emily H. Parsons (1832-1913) in 1856. By 1861, Charles and Emily had three children: Charles (b. 1857), Frederick (b. 1859) and Jennie (b. 1860).

Charles was commissioned first lieutenant in Company E, 4th Michigan Infantry on June 20, 1861, and promoted to captain of Company H on August 20, 1861. His regiment participated in the Peninsula Campaign, where he was wounded at the Battle of Gaines’ Mill on June 28, 1862. He was promoted to colonel and assumed command of the 18th Michigan Infantry on August 13, 1862. Doolittle and his regiment served in the Western Theater for the duration of the war, with various assignments in Kentucky, Tennessee, Alabama, and Georgia. His troops helped defend Athens, Alabama, against Confederate cavalry under Joseph Wheeler and Decatur, Alabama, against John Bell Hood.

On April 22, 1865, President Andrew Johnson appointed Doolittle brigadier general of volunteers to rank from January 27, 1865. President Abraham Lincoln had nominated Doolittle for the appointment on January 30, 1865 and the U.S. Senate confirmed the nomination on February 14, 1865 but Lincoln was unable to make the formal appointment before he was assassinated. Doolittle was mustered out of the volunteer service on November 30, 1865. On February 24, 1866, President Johnson nominated Doolittle for appointment to the brevet grade of major general of volunteers, to rank from March 13, 1865, and the U.S. Senate confirmed the appointment on May 4, 1866.

After the war he was a cashier at Merchant’s National Bank in Toledo, Ohio. He is buried in Toledo’s Woodlawn Cemetery. [Source: Wikipedia]


Charles C. Doolittle, Capt Commanding Co. H, 4th Mich Vols.
Hillsdale Mich


Signature Page of Diary



Wednesday, January 1, 1862 — Formed a working party. Staley order[ed] him to fall in. He refused. I be God damn if I go hell. I took my supper, you kiss my ass God damn you. Ch Gregory, Enos Nobles, Darius Briggs.

Thursday 2 — Made application for leave of absence today. Think it will be granted. Uncertain however.

Friday 3 — [no entry]

Saturday, January 4, 1862 — [no entry]

Sunday 5 — Fair Weather. Leave of absence for 10 days granted. Left Camp for Washington. Stayed at Brown’s Hotel. Went to Church in the evening. Charles very sorry that could [he] not go with me.

Monday 6 — Rose at 4½ o’clock. Breakfast @ 5 oclock and started for cars about 5½ o’clock. Train left for Baltimore @ 6 o’clock. Met at Baltimore Lt. Stearns, U.S.A. attached to Cochran’s Regiment. Was with him all day. Reached Harrisburg 1 PM. Left 4 PM. Arrived Pittsburgh 1. am. 7

Tuesday, January 7, 1862. — Reached Cleveland 9. am. — too late for Western train. Remained there until 8. PM. Lt. Stearns left at Fremont. Met a very pleasant lady upon whom I waited until we arrived at Toledo where I saw her aboard the cars for Indiana.

Wednesday 8 — Arrived home @ 4 A.M. and was not long in reaching my home, where I found my darling wife and sister waiting for me. Brother Chauncey met me at the cars. How thankful to God for his goodness towards me. Early in the morning the children came
in to see Papa. Dear little boys — I was glad to see them. Friends came in about 10 o’clock to see me. Prayer meeting in the evening. Spent a delightful day. My wife dearer than ever to me. Became acquainted with Mr. Gallaher, Mr. Hall & daughter of Alexandria, Va.

Thursday 9 — Did not rise very Early. Again spent a most delightful day. Prayer meeting in the evening. Thankful to God for bringing me home @ such a time. The love of Christ in the heart beautifies the life and strengthens the bonds of unity between
man and wife.

Friday, January 10, 1862. — Still at home among my  precious ones – Called on Mrs.
McCollum and took tea. A very pleasant visit. Prayer meeting in the Evening. How I am enjoying this visit. I realize that God is good. This is a precious time in our church and I trust the fruits of these meetings will show from home to home

Saturday 11 — I learned that Mr. McCollum has returned. Saw him a few moments. He has determined to retire into private life. Did not go to meeting this evening, but had a family visit @ Chauncey’s in fathers’ room. How pleasant to be with those we love.

Sunday 12 — We attend Church this morning.  Chauncey & Amelia with us. We all sat in the choir gallery. It seemed like old times and I was thankful for the privilege of one more uniting in the worship of God with those I love. Sabbath school at noon. Children glad to see me. Said a few words to the Infant Class and the school sang with them. I am drawing near for my return.


Emily (Parsons) Doolittle

Monday, January 13, 1862. — The last day I have to spend at home. What a precious talk Emily and I had last night. We became better acquainted with each other. We feel more willing to part again. God will watch over us. Never have I spent six days as happily as the last six days. I am thankful that I was permitted to visit my home. I had to say good bye to my family. We part with confidence in God.

Tuesday 14 — Left @ 1¾ A.M. to return. No particular incidents. Capt. Cole appointed Major of our regt. 13th. A very satisfactory appointment.

Wednesday 15 — Reached Baltimore 9 am. — too late for cars to Washington remained in Baltimore until 4 oclock P.M. Rained all day. Arrived in Washington about 7 oclock P.M. Stopped at Brown’s Hotel. Now Metropolitan [Hotel].

Thursday, January 16, 1862. Learned that Charles & Capt. Lumbard were in town. Called on
them in their rooms. Capt L. is going home on recruiting service. Arrived in Camp about
5 o’clock P.M. Men glad to see me back. Camp very muddy.

Friday 17 — [no entry]

Saturday 18 — [no entry]

Sunday, January 19, 1862. — [no entry]

Monday 20 — [no entry]

Tuesday 21 — [no entry]

Wednesday, January 22, 1862 — [no entry]

Thursday 23 — Go on picket. Relieve 22nd Massachusetts. Co’s E & H @ Ashford’s, Co’s D, I, & G @ Barretts, Co K @ Kirby’s. All quiet. Roads very muddy.

Friday 24 — nothing interesting. Stormed towards night.

Saturday, January 25, 1862 — Men had a rough time last night. We returned about noon. Hard traveling. Relieved by 83rd Penn

Sunday 26 — [no entry]

Monday 27 — Paymaster came in the afternoon. Heard of the sudden death of Father Parsons. Charles made application for leave of absence and went to Gen’l Morell for his approval and permission to apply in person. Charles and I went to Gen’l Porters after 9 o’clock. He approved and granted permission to apply in person. Received my pay for December.

Tuesday, January 28, 1862 — Went to Washington. Started for cars, but found they had
gone and walked in.  Gen’l Williams approved his application.

Wednesday 29 — Charles left @ 6 o’clock for home. Met cousin George Curtis in Brown’s Hotel. Returned to camp on foot reaching camp about dark.

Thursday 30 — Had a season of prayer with Maj. Cole in evening. Wrote to Emily to come in if she thought best.

Friday, January 31, 1862. — Mr. Curtis came to camp about 5 oclock P.M. Took supper and possession of Col’s quarters. Had a very pleasant visit with him.

Saturday, February 1 — Mr. Curtis stayed with us until about noon. He went to the 7th Wisconsin. Very rainy day.

Sunday 2 — No Service. Usual Inspection. Prayer meeting @ hospital in the evening.

Monday, February 3, 1862 — [no entry]

Tuesday 4 — [no entry]

Wednesday 5 — [no entry]

Thursday, February 6, 1862 — [no entry]

Friday 7 — Officer School. I learned that my….

Saturday 8 — Officer School. Charles returned. He was married to my only sister on the 5th. Very glad they are united as they are worthy of each other. I learned that my wife cannot come.

Sunday, February 9, 1862 — [no entry]

Monday 10 — [no entry]

Tuesday 11 — [no entry]

Wednesday, February 12, 1862 — [no entry]

Thursday 13 — [no entry]

Friday 14 — [no entry]

Saturday, February 15, 1862 — [no entry]

Sunday 16 — Go on Picket. Cold and walking good. relieve the 22nd Massachusetts. Co’s H, E, & B @ Barretts. Co’s A & F @ Ashfords. Co. C @ Kirbys. Passed a very quiet Sunday. Considering where we are and on what duty.

Monday 17 — News of the surrender of Fort Donelson received. All elated. Rained all day.

Tuesday, February 18, 1862 — Relieved by 83rd Pennsylvania. News of Fort Donelson confirmed. Better and better as accounts come in reached camp about 1½ o’clock P.M.
Very hard times for men.

Wednesday 19 — Sent the Colonel $50. Col. going to New York.

Thursday 20 — Went to Washington with Charles via Alexandria. Rode on top of Cars. A very pleasant trip. Reached Washington about noon. Drew McConnell’s pay. Got Charles wedding cards. Went to Christy’s. Very poor show. Stopped at Brown’s [Hotel].


Sample of Capt. Doolittle’s Handwriting in Diary

Friday, February 21, 1862 — Awaited anxiously some news from home as I some expected
my wife. No news. took dinner with Dr. Clark. Went to Alexandria on the 4 o’clock boat. No train up, so conclude to remain all night. Stopped @ City Hotel.

Saturday 22 — Rose early and took 7 o’clock train for Falls Church. Rode in a front car. Raining. Reached camp about 9 o’clock. Washington’s birthday. Wife not coming. Regt. out at 11 o’clock. Washington’s farewell address read by Chaplin. Speeches by Col. Childs, Capt DePoy, Lt. Jefferds. Large amount of powder used.

Sunday 23 — Rode home.

Monday, February 24, 1862 — [no entry]

Tuesday 25 — Presentation of flag to Gen’l Morell. I am officer of the day. Senator Harris of N.Y. made the presentation speech. All the officers of the Brigade were present and many of them forgot their manhood and got drunk. Wrote home.

Wednesday 26 — Received orders to prepare two days rations and be ready to march at daylight if called on. Raining very hard tonight. Wrote home.

Thursday, February 27, 1862 — Did not march. Rose early. Col. returned from New York.  Pay Rolls made out. Adjt. Earle taken sick.

Friday 28 — Anniversary of wedding day. Wrote to my wife. Mustered by Lt. Kingsbury, 5th Artillery @ 9 oclock a.m. Men out in good shape. Very windy day.

Saturday March 1 — Fair weather. Blue pants issued to men. Battalion drill and Dress
Parade @4 o’clock. Adjutant not able to be out.

Sunday, March 2, 1862 — Fair Weather. Inspection. Men in fine condition. No service
Dress Parade. Adj. quite sick. Wrote home.

Monday 3 — Rain and high wind. No drill. Adjt. very sick.

Tuesday 4 — Fair Weather. Rather windy. Competition for company prize. Awarded
to Olney J. Smith to string 132 in NonCom. Off. drilled by one another. Dress Parade @ 4 o’clock. Adjt. Earle feeling much better. Received letter from wife and one from Mrs. Girand. Wrote home.

Wednesday, March 5, 1862 — Out at roll call this morning. Men under arms. Had inspection of arms. Bayonet Drill. Ordered to have 60 rounds of cartridges to each man and 3 days rations on hand. Lamson gone to City. Adjt. better and gone to City. Dress Parade.
Letter from home. Wrote home. Wrote to Mrs. Girand. Fair day.

Thursday 6 — Beautiful morning. Bayonet Drill. Dress Parade.

Friday 7 — Pleasant morning. Windy. A. Kinney of Hillsdale here. Bayonet Drill. Dress Parade.

Saturday March 8, 1862 — Beautiful day. Rose Early. Bayonet Drill. Officer of Day. Battalion Drill & Dress Parade. Mr. and Mrs. Schwartz here. Letter from home. Wrote.

Sunday 9 — Rose at 4½ o’clock. Regiment start for Vanna @ 7 o’clock. Relieve 49 Penna.
@ 10 o’clock. Co. H work 3 hours on Railroad. Fair day

Monday 10 — Rain. Smith’s Div. moving to Fairfax. Leave Vanna for camp about 10 o’clock. Leave camp for Fairfax after one hour and a half rest. Camp in woods 3 miles from Fairfax.

Tuesday, March 11, 1862 — Beautiful day. Leave camp in woods @ 6 o’clock for Fairfax where we arrive about 8 o’clock A.M. Hear that Manassas is evacuated. McDowell’s Division at Centerville. Visited some of our old…

Wednesday 12 — Beautiful morning. Battalion Drill. 10 o’clock Dress Parade (Brigade) 5 o’ clock. Gen’l McClellan passed in front of lines. Sam Tyler accidentally shot by Cavalry man through both legs. Wrote home. Recruits new.

Thursday 13 — Rose at 7 o’clock. Fair day. Rather chilly. Bayonet Drill. Tyler gone to hospital. Bayonet Drill. Letter from home.

Friday, March 14, 1862 — Drill in Skirmish. Battalion Drill. Was not out. Sick headache. Rainy night. Wrote home.

Saturday 15 — Reveille at 3½ o’clock am. March at 6½ o’clock for Clouds Mills. Very rainy day. Troops completely wet through. Found good quarters provided for us in 64th N.Y. camp. Expected to sleep out in rain.

Sunday 16 — Clear morning. My 30th Birthday. Remained in Camp California. Pres. Fairfield here. Letters from home. Wrote home.

Monday March 17, 1862 — Fair day. Move from Camp California to Camp on side hill. Lent Robinson $1. Sergeant Lindsey to go to City Hospital.

Tuesday 18 — Officer of Day. Bayonet Drill. Battalion Drill. Letter from home wrote to E. O. Grosvenor & Loomis.

Wednesday 19 — Still in camp on side hill. Bayonet Drill. Saw Review of Franklin’s Division by Genl McClellan. Wrote home. Fair day. Commenced raining about 9 o’clock in the evening.

Thursday, March 20, 1862 — Rainy morning. Had to leave our quarters on hill last night for Camp California. Letter from home.

Friday 21
Orders to embark. Start at 9 o’clock P.M. Fell in at 9 but were dismissed to await further orders. Left at 10 o’clock and embarked about 4 o’clock at Alexandria on Daniel Webster. Gen’l Porter came aboard about 9½ o’clock. Fair Day. We are the Flag Boat and have the honor of Gen’l Porter’s presence. Wrote home.

Saturday 22 — Leave Alexandria about 11 o’clock. Beautiful sight. About a dozen large steamers loaded with troops and number of Propeller Schooners loaded with artillery, cavalry, forage all. A little rainy during the day.

Sunday, March 23, 1862 — Beautiful clear morning out in Chesapeake Bay. Landed at Fortress Monroe. 4½ o’clock P.M. Marched out beyond Hampton ¾ of a mile & camped without a tent. Fair day.

Monday 24 — Beautiful morning. Expect to move. Regimental inspection. Remain in Camp. Our tent here.

Tuesday 25 — Orders to prepare for a march. Leave at 11 o’clock and move out a 1½ mile towards New Market Bridge. Visit Michigan 1st camp and see their Dress Parade, which was very fine.Visit Fortress Monroe. Wrote home.

Wednesday March 26, 1862 — Cold rain day. No drill. Dress Parade. Wrote home.

Thursday 27 — orders at 3½ o’clock to march at 7 o’clock. A reconoissance made by 9 regiments of Morells & Butterfield’s brigade, 2 batteries and some Cavalry & Sharpshooters. Went to Big Bethel & 2 miles beyond. Rebels had retreated. Marched 25 miles from 7 o’clock AM to 6 o’clock P.M.

Friday 28 — Officer of day. Inspection Company. Dress Parade. Wrote home.

Saturday, March 29, 1862 — Unpleasant day. Rain in afternoon. Company Drill

Sunday 30 — Rainy all day. Wrote home.

Monday 31 — Beautiful morning. Drill & Dress Parade. Company Drill.

Tuesday April 1, 1862 — Beautiful Day. Company Drill. Capt. Abbott visited us. Battalion Drill. Dress Parade.

Wednesday 2 — Chilly day. Company drill. Company drill in P.M. Dress Parade. William Byrnes here. Wrote home

Thursday 3 — On picket — detail of 140 men. Capt. Randolph, Capt. Doolittle, Capt. Rose
5 Lieuts. Capt. Randolph & Self at union man Collyers, formerly in U.S. Navy. Took dinner there. Relieved at 10 o’clock to go to Camp & get ready for march at 4 AM 4th. reached camp at 11 ½ o’clock.

Friday April 4, 1862 — Reveille at 3 o’clock. Break camp at 4½ o’clock march at 5½ oclock
reach Big Bethel at 11 o’clock. Reach Rebel Breastworks at 2½ o’clock P.M. Find New York 14th & artillery there. 2 Rebel Prisoners — Mississippi Rifles. Camp in the woods. 6 miles from Yorktown. A very few shots were fired by artillery & sharpshooters.

Saturday 5 — Reveille at 6 o’clock. General at 7½ o’clock. March at 8 o’clock arrive advance guard of Yorktown. Griffin’s Battery open fire at 10 o’clock in reply to a few shells from Rebels lively firing by our batteries. Answers get returned by Rebels and in about ¾ of an hour quite rapidly. Rebels have the range of our gun pretty well and strike pretty close to our men drawn up in line in rear of Griffin’s gun. Tompkins of Co. C wounded in neck by piece of shell. Ordered out on picket at 9 o’clock.

Sunday 6 — Draw in pickets at 4 o’clock AM. Quiet day until about 2 o’clock PM when Rebels commenced shelling us. The firing on both sides was pretty lively for half an hour. Quiet night. Massachusetts 9th throwing up a small breastwork. Weather very fine.

Monday, April 7, 1862 — Chilly morning. Nothing done. Firing by sharpshooters. Capt. Spaulding shot in the arm while out skirmishing. Not much firing on other side. Rainy night. No tent.

Tuesday 8 — Rose at 4 o’clock. Brush house tumbled on us during the night and we were left decidedly in the wet. I managed to keep dry however. Rainy, disagreeable day. Not much done. Lt. Gordon & 20 men took 19 head of cattle from under enemy sight laying out 2 of the rebels and none of our men hurt. Have tent for tonight.

Wednesday 9 — Misty morning. Quiet yet. Moved our camp 1½ miles back. Rainy afternoon. Rained very hard when we arrived in camp.

Thursday, April 10, 1862 — Clearing off. New shelter tents for men. Pleasant afternoon.
All quiet.

Friday 11 — Beautiful morning. All quiet. Considerable firing on our picket lines in the afternoon. Wrote home to Chauncey [and] to J. H. McCollum.

Saturday 12 — Beautiful. 7 companies go on picket at daylight. Wrote to father.

Sunday, April 13, 1862 — Regiment returned from picket. Officer of day. Everything quiet.
Wrote home. Beautiful day

Monday 14 — Detailed to command working party — 4 companies A, B, E, & H
work on road to bridge over Warmlys Creek. Letter from home. Beautiful day.

Tuesday 15 — Rained during night. A little rainy in the morning. Clear before 10 o’clock Clear day. Company drill. Quiet.

Wednesday, April 16, 1862 — Beautiful morning. Continued through the day. Firing very heavy on our left. Enemy attack Sedgewick & Smith’s Divisions. Fighting heavy [and] continued until dark. Result not known here yet. Firing continued at intervals during the evening. Not very well.

Thursday 17 — Quiet day. Nothing of much interest. Our loss yesterday about 150 killed wounded & missing. Said Smith was drunk and commenced the fight without orders [and]  is under arrest. More or less firing during day. Very hot day. Not very well. Inspection

Friday 18 — All the regiment on picket. Not feeling very well did not go out until 9 o’clock. Reserve in our old camp. My company relieved Co. I at 6 o’clock P.M. and were relieved at 12 o’clock by Co. E. Capt. Wood shot by Luke Barnes of his own company and died at 12 o’clock. Very quiet lines. Beautiful, warm day

Saturday April 19, 1862 — Relieved at 7 o’clock by 18th Massachusetts. Sleep from 10 o’clock to 2½ P.M. Inspection. Letter from home. Wrote home. Rainy Evening. Inspection.

Sunday 20 — A rainy morning. Capt. Wood buried at 10½ o’clock. Inspection. Letter from home. Wrote home. Rainy Evening. Inspection.

Monday 21 — Large detail for working parties. Capt. Lumbard arrived. Chester Yawger & recruit Hoeg. Very quiet time. Rained in the afternoon & during night. Wrote home.

Tuesday April 22, 1862 — Somewhat rainy day. Nothing doing. Inspection & Dress Parade.

Wednesday 23 — Beautiful day. At work on road with party of 300 under Maj. Cole, Capt. Depuy, Capt. Rose, & self.

Thursday 24 — Pleasant day. A little showering. Went over to Battery on Point by Brick House. Five 100-pounders mounted. 200-pounder to be mounted. Went over in small boat. Inspection & Dress Parade.

Friday April 25, 1862 — Rainy morning. 250 detailed for work under Maj. Cole, Capts.
Randolph & Slocum. Rained a good deal during day. Inspection & Dress Parade.

Saturday 26 — Officer of day. Very wet disagreeable day. Letter from home.

Sunday 27 — Regiment go on picket at 4½ o’clock. Charles & self remain in camp. Cloudy day. Letter from home. Wrote home. Visited pickets. Shells were thrown pretty fast at working party. Gen McClellan and others out there.

Monday April 28, 1862 — Pleasant morning. Regiment returned from picket at 6½ o’clock A.M. Regiment paid by Maj. Lawyer.

Tuesday 29 — Beautiful morning. 300 men detailed for working party under Maj. Cole, Capt. Lumbard. Chapin returned. No one hurt. Sent $225 to Chauncey, 175 for Charles. 100 for F. Miller

Wednesday 30 — Mustered by Col. Woodbury. Rainy day.

Thursday, May 1, 1862 — Regiment detailed for work @ battery No 10 under Col. Woodbury. Start at 5½ o’clock a.m. Cloudy morning. Send $9 to Perkins by the Adj. return at 5 oclock. No one hurt.

Friday 2 — Quiet day in camp. Inspection & parade. A good deal of firing by enemy during day and night. Letter from home.

Saturday 3 — Considerable firing today at our working parties. Inspection & parade.

Sunday, May 4, 1862 — Beautiful day. 500 men detailed for work. 5 captains — myself among the number — arrived at works and found the enemy had evacuated. Returned to camp and again marched out towards Yorktown. Our troops follow the enemy. Heavy firing heard. We return to camp.

Monday 5 — Rainy day. Officer of day. Orders to be ready to march. Ordered to fall in at 7½ o’clock P.M. Fall in order countermanded. Heavy firing all day in the direction of

Tuesday 6 — Beautiful day. Not much done by us today. Battalion drill & dress parade & inspection.

Wednesday May 7, 1862 — Beautiful day. Company drill. Inspection & Dress Parade. Orders to strike tents and embark at Yorktown. Countermanded. Put up tents & retire. 1 long roll at 12½ o’clock midnight. Leave @ 1½ o’clock.

Thursday 8 — Beautiful morning. Visit Yorktown. Embark at 1 o’clock on board Cornelius Vanderbilt. Wrote home. Leave Yorktown at 6 o’clock P.M. Arrive near West Point at 9 o’clock.

Friday 9 — Disembark at 8 o’clock in pontoon boats. Beautiful morning. Camp about ½ mile from river.

Saturday, May 10, 1862 — Ordered on picket at 10 o’clock. Beautiful day. Go about 2 miles out from camp. Return about 4 o’clock. All quiet. We hear that McClellan is about 4 miles from us. Buy a soft hat $5.

Sunday 11 — Beautiful morning. Inspection at 9½ o’clock of regiment. Letter from home. Dress Parade.

Monday 12 — Beautiful day. Company drill. Inspection Battalion drill & parade. Wrote to Allen to report to company.

Tuesday, May 13, 1862 — Reveille 3 o’clock. Line formed at 4½ o’clock. March at 5½ o’clock. Marched about 15 miles reaching Cumberland at 7 o’clock. Detained on the road a good deal. Took the wrong road also and thus marched four or five miles further than necessary. A very hard march as the day was warm.

Wednesday 14 — Cloudy morning. rose at 5½ o’clock and took breakfast aboard Steamboat Express. Officer of day. Orders to form line at 6 AM tomorrow. Rainy night.

Thursday 15 — Rainy Morning. Strike our tents about 7 o’clock am and remain until 5 o’clock PM in the rain and find then that we cannot get through on account of the roads.

Friday, May 16, 1862 — Cloudy morning. Strike tents at 7 o’clock and march at 8 o’clock. Halted from 10 o’clock to 12 -– about a mile from old camp. March about ½ mile further and halt again for dinner. Roads in terrible condition. Reached camp at 9 o’clock. One would suppose there must be some mismanagement somewhere. Lie out-of-doors.

Saturday 17 — Beautiful morning. Change our tents. My wife’s birthday. Move our camp to the right a little. Inspection at 5 o’clock. Wrote home. Dr. Strong arrived.

Sunday 18 — Beautiful morning. Service at 10½ o’clock. Inspection & Dress Parade. Lafayette Young, J. H. Johnson, A. Mosher, & W. Schott sent to hospital. 4 guns returned complete less 2 bayonet sheaths, 1 screw, 1 spring. Letter from home. Wrote home. A very little rain in afternoon.

Monday, May 19, 1862 — Reveille at 4 o’clock AM! General at 5½ o’clock. March at 7½ o’clock. Pleasant morning. Rainy during morning. Arrive at 3 o’clock at Turnstall Station.

Tuesday 20 — Beautiful day. Company Drill. Inspection & Dress Parade in company
streets. Wrote home.

Wednesday 21 — Reveille at 3½ oclock. General at 5½ o’clock March at 7 o’clock. Pleasant morning — a little misty though. Cleared up Bright by 10 o’clock. Arrived at our camping ground at 12 o’clock on Lipscomb Plantation in Hanover county.

Thursday, May 22, 1862 — Reveille at 4 o’clock. General at 5½ o’clock. Order countermanded. Fall in at 7½ o’clock without knapsacks and march a short distance and return. General at 8½ o’clock a.m. Do not march until 12 o’clock and arrive at Mill Dam at 5½ o’clock. Beautiful ground for camp. Rained very hard during the march for about ¾ of an hour. Beautiful day otherwise.

Friday 23 — Beautiful morning. Inspection & Dress Parade.

Saturday 24 — Misty Morning. Reveille at 4 o’clock. March at 5½ o’clock for a reconnaissance towards New Bridge. Meet the enemy’s picket about 9 o’clock and drive them from the northwest bank of the Chicahominy across the creek and return after an
engagement of two runs with a loss of 1 killed & 7 wounded while the loss of the enemy could not have been the less of 150 in killed & wounded, besides 22 prisoners & 15 wounded prisoners. Regiment complimented by Gen’l McClellan.

Sunday, May 25, 1862 — Pleasant. Officer of Day. No Service. Funeral of Piper & Drake attended by whole Brigade. Inspection & Dress Parade.

Monday 26 — Reveille at 3 o’clock. Move our camp about 1½ miles in advance. No music allowed.

Tuesday 27 — Waked at 3 o’clock. Orders to march without knapsacks. Taking shelter tents. Do not start till near 7 o’clock. Marched in all about 20 miles. Quite a battle was fought near railroad & Wilkinson’s bridge. 25th & 44th New York, 9th Massachusetts, 14th  & 62nd & 83rd, 2nd Maine engaged — principally 25th + 44th New York & 2nd Maine [against] North Carolina & Georgia troops. We drove the enemy [with] loss heavy in 25th & 44th New York. Rained all morning. Remain in camp on battleground.

Wednesday, May 28, 1862 — Beautiful morning. Remain in same camp. Gen’l McClellan passed. Large number of prisoners taken & large number of killed & wounded. 600 prisoners sent in. More coming.

Thursday 29 — Pleasant day. Orders to march. Start at 4½ o’clock PM for camp. Arrive at 12 o’clock.

Friday 30 — Rainy day. Hard thunderstorm. 1 man killed and 5 animals hurt by lightning.
Letter from home. Wrote home.

Saturday, May 31, 1862 — Pleasant day. Hard fighting on our left [Battle of Fair Oaks]. Don’t Know result although I hear we drove the enemy.

Sunday, June 1 — Orders to march. Move out to Dr. James’ house about 1 mile from camp. Remain until about 1½ o’clock and then returned. A good deal of fighting on our left. Hear that Sickles’ brigade drove the enemy at the point of the bayonet.

Monday 2 — Pleasant morning. Wrote home. On picket near New Bridge. Visit scene of our skirmish 24th May. Move up to tobacco warehouse and throw out picket posts.

Tuesday, June 3, 1862 — Rise at 5 o’clock. Rained very hard last night. Thunder & lightning. Relieved about 10 o’clock but did not reach camp until noon. Maj. Cole a little crazy from effects of heat. Rainy night. Inspection.

Wednesday 4 — Rained all night. Nothing doing. Inspection. Wrote home. Wrote to Standard.

Thursday 5 — Paid by Maj. Lawyer $262.50. Started for White House Landing via Dispatch Station at 10 o’clock with Maj. Cole. Detainment on road. Roads very bad. Cars did not leave Dispatch until 10 o’clock landing about 12 o’clock. Bought poncho of Maj. Gould $10.

Friday, June 6, 1862 — Maj. took mail boat under care of Mr. Barnard, Photographist for
Genl McClellan. Returned to camp leaving landing at 8 o’clock and reaching camp at 1o’clock. Sent home $250 + $100 for William Byrnes. Wrote to Chauncey. Bought hat $4.50.
Straps 4. Shirt 6.

Saturday 7 — Pleasant morning. William Byrns here. Nothing Done. Inspection. Officer of day.

Sunday 8 — Pleasant morning. Regiment go to guard New Bridge. William Byrns here. Wrote to Chauncey, to William Girand, & to Lord Agt. Officer of day

Monday, June 9, 1862 — Pleasant morning. Regiment returns. Afternoon Corps review by Gen’l Prim. Wrote home. Officer of day. Relieved at night.

Tuesday 10 — Rainy morning.Clears up during morning.

Wednesday 11 — Pleasant morning. Letter from home. Wrote to father. Inspection.

Thursday, June 12, 1862 — Pleasant day. Warm. Detailed to fix road. Wrote home.

Friday 13 — Hot day. Regiment go out on Picket at 3 o’clock. Officer of day. Remain in
camp. Wagon trains attacked by rebel cavalry.

Saturday 14 — Regiment to remain till tomorrow morning. Hot day. Letter from home. Wrote home.

Sunday, June 15, 1862 — Hot day. Relieved by Capt. Lumbard. Regiment returns. William Byrns here. Letter from home. Rained very hard in afternoon.

Monday 16 — Pleasant day. Move tents. Go to 1st Michigan inspection.

Tuesday 17 — Pleasant morning. Detailed for fatigue march at 6½ o’clock am. Do not work until 12 o’clock at Duann’s Bridge. Return at 2 o’clock. Not feeling well. Regiment returns at 6 o’clock. Wrote home.

Wednesday, June 18, 1862 — Pleasant morning. Battalion drill at 7 o’clock AM. Inspection.
Letter from home.

Thursday 19 — Pleasant day. No Drill. Inspection & Dress Parade.

Friday 20 — Hot day. Inspection & Brigade drill. Letter from home. Michigan 1st move camp. Enemy fire a great deal and near our camp.

Saturday, June 21, 1862 — Hot day. Officer of Day. Butterfield’s Brigade move to rear. Brigade Drill & Inspection.

Sunday 22 — Fine Day. Hot. Regiment on picket. Wrote home.

Monday 23 — Hot day. Regiment returned from picket all night. Inspection. Heavy rain storm in afternoon.

Tuesday, June 24, 1862 — Hot day. Rained very hard during night. Letter from home. Wrote home. Inspection. Company drill.

Wednesday 25 — Pleasant day. Company drill. Battalion drill. Allotment Commissioner Phelps here. Company allotment $724. William Byrns here.

Thursday 26 — Pleasant day. Company drill. Orders in afternoon to pack up and be ready to move. Move in light order at 5 o’clock. Meet the enemy near Mechanicsville. Engaged them toward dark with a loss in our regiment of some 20 or more. O.L. Parks of Co. H wounded. Slept on our arms.

Friday, June 27, 1862 — Awakened at 3 oclock and move back to camp. Fighting again on our right. leave camp about 7 o’clock. Many stores & ammunition burnt by our troops. Do not understand the movement. Presume it is all right. We had to return about 7 o’clock after most desperate resistance. Fear that we are whipped. God has spared my life to my family

Saturday 28 — Things look dubious. Don’t know how we stand — whipped, I think. Enemy’s loss immense –- our loss great. We were outnumbered 3 to 1. Moved across White Oak Swamp.

Sunday 29 — Moved towards James River. Lay still most of the day. March about 6 o’clock and march in 3 o’clock PM . Hot day.

Monday, June 30, 1862 — Start out at 4 o’clock and arrive at camping ground near James River 9½ o’clock. Hot day. Ordered out at 3 o’clock and form line. Rebels attacking us. Severe fighting. Night closed on us with success on our side. We held our ground. Hot day. Men very tired & hungry.

Tuesday, July 1 — Our army fall back and take position. 4th Michigan ordered out to relieve 83rd Pennsylvania supporting New York battery. Was under a good deal of shelling during day. About 5 o’clock, we were attacked and our regiment was under very severe fire for an hour. We held our ground against five different regiments until we were out of cartridges and relieved. Our Colonel was killed, and our regiment badly cut up. The loss in my company being from 18 to 20. God has been good to me.

Wednesday 2 — At one in the morning we were ordered to retire to City Point. The army all
fell back during a heavy rain storm. Ee reached City Point landing wet, tired, and disgusted. My faith in McClellan is as strong as ever altho’ I am afraid the enemy are too strong for us. Yet I do not give up. Our loss in killed & wounded is great. That of the enemy must be immense. I felt sick during the day. We have had a very hard time of it.

Thursday, July 3, 1862 — Cloudy morning. Rested pretty well last night and feel rather better. The enemy are following us rapidly. Reinforcements are arriving. We move into position again about noon and are awaiting an attack from the enemy. The enemy
concluded not to attack. We captured a battery they had [been] brought down to annoy us. About 6 o’clock we go into camp in the woods with a prospect of having a chance to recruit up.

Friday 4 — Pleasant morning. Rested very well last night. Our tents and baggage
came during day. We are getting in shape again. Pretty sick during day. Pleasant day.

Saturday 5 — Capt Spaulding & Adjt. Earle leave for home recruiting. Called on Col. Roberts 1st Michigan & get a letter from him to Gov. Blair. Write home & to Chauncey. Pleasant day.

Sunday, July 6, 1862 — Pleasant day. Regimental Inspection. Quiet day.

Monday 7 — Quiet day. Not well.

Tuesday 8 — Quiet Day. Pres. Lincoln here. Not well. Dr. Clark left.

Wednesday, July 9, 1862 — Not well.

Thursday 10 — Quite sick. Letter from home. Wrote home. Rained hard.

Friday 11 — Cloudy morning. Pleasant day. Some rain. [Feel] better today.

Saturday, July 12, 1862 — Fine day. All quiet. Feeling quite well again. Wrote home. Wrote to Mrs. Girand. Regimental inspection in morning.

Sunday 13 — Pleasant day. Officer of day. Quiet day. Some policing done. Letter from home. Wrote to  Mrs. Prentiss.

Monday 14 — Fine morning. Drill at 7 o’clock a.m. Camp thoroughly policed. Dress parade.

Tuesday, July 15, 1862 — Pleasant day. Morning drill. Quiet during day. Regiment mustered by Capt. Randolph. Dress Parade. Lt. Col. Childs appointed Col. Capt Lumbard Lt Col & Capt. Randolph Major by Gen’l Porter. Heavy thunder storm. Wrote home.

Wednesday 16 — Fine day. Large detail from regiment. No morning drill. Letters from home. Heavy thunderstorm. Wrote to Gov. Blair & Dr. Clark.

Thursday 17 — Pleasant morning. No drill. Inspection. Letter from home. Wrote home. Rained again in the evening.

Friday, July 18, 1862 — Lowery morning. Go to 1st Michigan. Get letter from Col. McQuade endorsed by Gen’l Griffin. Inspection.

Saturday 19 — Lowery morning. Cleared up. Inspection & Dress Parade. Went aboard Louisiana but could not see many of the wounded. Letter from home. Wrote home.

Sunday 20 — Beautiful day. Officer of Day. Maj. Barry of Indiana company here. Dress Parade. Went to McClellan’s headquarters for Dr. Chamberlain.

Monday, July 21, 1862 — Pleasant morning. Move camp at 8 o’clock to Westover. Getting settled. Letter from Chauncey.

Tuesday 22 — Pleasant day. Work on Streets. Col. Roberts here. Dress Parade. Letter from home. Inspection.

Wednesday 23 — Beautiful day. Company drill 7 to 8 o’clock. Move officers tents. Battalion drill. Inspection.

Thursday, July 24, 1862 — Pleasant day. Company drill. Review by Gen’l Morell at 5 o’clock. Letter from home.

Friday 25 — Hot day. Reviewed by Gen’l McClellan. Porters Corps – Inspection. Dress Parade.

Saturday 26 — Pleasant day. Company drill. Rained at night. No Parade.

Sunday, July 27, 1862 — Officer of Day. Inspection & Parade.  Wrote home. Wrote to Waldron. Pleasant day though warm.

Monday 28 — Hot day. Company drill. Inspection Drill & Parade. Letter from home.

Tuesday 29 — Pleasant day though warm. Drill morning. Drill Evening. Battalion. Dress Parade. I acting as Colonel.

Wednesday, July 30, 1862 — Pleasant morning. Company drill. Battalion drill — I in command. Dress Parade. Wrote home.

Thursday 31 — Rainy day. Company drill. No Parade. Letter from home. Wrote to D. L. Pratt.

Friday, August 1 — Cloudy morning. No rain. Enemy shelled our camps about 1 o’clock a.m. Did not do much damage. Col. Childs returned. Wrote home.

Saturday, August 2, 1862 — Pleasant day. Regiment & 3 companies 14th New York cross river to protect 2nd Pennsylvania working party about 9 o’clock. Returned about 9 o’clock. Took one prisoner. Letter from home.

Sunday 3 — Cloudy morning. Rained. Nothing going on. Inspection. Dress parade. Wrote home.

Monday  4 — Very warm day. Company Drill. Paymaster here. Commenced paying. Went to Gen’l Porters. Not in. Letter from home, Chauncey, & Grosvenor.
Wrote Chauncey & Grosvenor.

Tuesday August 5, 1862 — Warm day. Battalion Drill & Dress Parade. Co. H paid. Sent $200 to Chauncey. Saw Gen’l Porter. He would write to Gov. Blair. Wrote home.

Wednesday 6 — Warm day. Company drill. Dress Parade. Letter from home. Wrote home.

Thursday 7 — Warm day. Company Drill. Dress Parade. Letter from home. Wrote home.

Friday, August 8, 1862 — Warm day. Capt Marshall & Chapin start for home recruiting. Company Drill. Montieth brings letter from Gen’l Porter. Wrote to Chauncey. Dress Parade.

Saturday 9 — Hot day. Company drill. Dress Parade. In command. Letter from home, & from Wly Forman. Wrote home.

Sunday 10 — Hot day. Orders to pack up. Await orders all day. Wrote to
Wly Forman. Rained a creek.

Monday, August 11, 1862 — Hot Day. Still in camp waiting [for] orders to move. Dress Parade. Wrote home.

Tuesday 12 — Hot Day. Some wind and rain. No orders to move yet. Dress Parade. Letter from home. Wrote Loomis. Wrote home.

Wednesday 13 — Comfortable day. Company drill. Dress Parade.

Thursday, August 14, 1862 — Comfortable day. Company drill. Battalion Drill. Orders to move received at 7 o’clock. Start at 11 o’clock. March about ½ mile and remain till next morning.

Friday 15 — March all day with a great many detentions and do not halt for night until 2 o’clock. Very tired, very dusty, & very sleepy. We rested within a mile of the Chickahominy. A little rain during day.

Saturday 16 — Crossed Chicahominy at 6 o’clock on pontoon bridge near the mouth of James. Rested until 4½ o’clock. Marched to Williamsburg. Arrived at 1 o’clock. Pleasant day — not very warm.

Sunday, August 17, 1862 — Start at 7 o’clock AM. 4th Michigan leading division. Arrived at camp near Porter’s Division Hospital at 1 o’clock. 1½ o’clock. Sitting in old camp in Peach Orchard. Peaches all gathered. Pleasant weather. Cool evening.

Monday 18 — Reveille. 4 o’clock. Start at 5:40 for Hampton, arriving at 4½ o’clock. The best conducted march I ever saw.

Tuesday 19 — Reveille 4 o’clock. March at 5½ o’clock for Newport News. Embark at 2 o’clock. Start at 5 o’clock on board steamer Belvidere. Massachusetts 32nd & Michigan 4th aboard.

Wednesday, August 20, 1862 — Arrive at Aquia Creek 10 o’clock am. Debark at 12 o’clock. March 6 miles and camp for night to protect wagon train.

Thursday 21 — Reveille 4 o’clock. March at 6 o’clock for Falmouth. Arrive at 9 o’clock and make camp –- 8 miles. Ordered at 7 o’clock to pack up for a march. Start at 11 o’clock.
March a mile or two & remain till morning in the rain.

Friday 22 — Start again about 5 o’clock. Cloudy & rainy. Stop for Breakfast. Took breakfast at a house. Took Dinner at Mrs. Irvine’s. Arrived at Barnett’s Ford 5½ o’clock and made Camp — 22 miles. Heavy firing in direction of Pope’s army. Rain towards night.

Saturday, August 23, 1862 — Ordered to move -– countermanded as we could not cross river. Nothing of interest. Heavy firing in direction of Pope’s army. Rain toward night. Wrote home.

Sunday 24 — Cloudy morning. Regimental Inspection. Everything packed up and wagons sent off. We do not move. No rain.

Monday 25 — Pleasant morning. Cool. Took dinner then at Mr. Royal’s — very pleasant family. Met Rev., Miss McMurray, & Alvard. Pres. very pleasant social calls.

Tuesday, August 26, 1862 — Pleasant day. Remain in camp. Washed in Rappahannock. Dress Parade. Parsons, Lamson & self. Called on the Royals. Pleasant visit. Wrote home.

Wednesday 27 — Leave at 8 o’clock for Warrenton Junction. Arrive at 6 o’clock. Warm day. Hard march — 16 miles.

Thursday 28 — Reveille at 2 o’clock. Start for Manassas Junction at 4 o’clock. Arrive at Bristoe at 3 PM where we camp. 2 miles from Manassas — 12 miles.

Friday, August 29, 1862 — March at 8 o’clock for Manassas & move towards Gainesville. Line of Battle formed and rebs open on us. Not much damage done. No engagement. Hard fighting towards Gainesville on our right and front. In charge of picket.

Saturday 29 — Leave early in morning for Centerville. Our brigade rear guard. Reach Centerville about 10 o’clock. Go into camp without tents. Ordered to the front about 5 o’clock. Our forces rather whipped. Return to Centerville. Getting settled about 11 o’clock.

Sunday 30 — Rain early in the morning and continues to rain till 11 o’clock and more or less during day. Take position on the right of Centerville. Dr. Chamberlain arrived.

Monday, September 1, 1862 — Cloudy day. Ordered at 3 o’clock to pack up + be ready to move.

Tuesday 2 — In line at 1 o’clock am. Leave Centerville about 4 o’clock. Reach Fairfax Courthouse at 10 o’clock. Left again at 2 o’clock. Pass through Vienna and took road to Chain Bridge. Porters Corps in advance. Gen’l McClellan passes by line camp near Chain Bridge.

Wednesday 3 — Move to Minor’s Hill — old Camp. Mail received with commission.

Thursday, September 4, 1862 — Go to Washington with Charles. Resignation accepted. Remain in Washington over night.

Friday 5 — Received $278.18 pay to 4th incl. Leave for home at 5 o’clock. Stop in Baltimore for 3 hours.

Saturday 6 — Arrive home on night train.