George W. Millins

George W. Millins (1839-1864) enlisted as a Corporal in Company B of the Fourth Michigan Infantry on June 20, 1861. He was taken prisoner at Gettysburg, Pa. on July 2, 1863 and died on February 28, 1864 at Andersonville Prison in Sumter, Georgia.

George was the son of Jacob Millins (1803-1863) and Polly Ries (1807-1857) of Medina, Lenawee county, Michigan. Serving in the same company and regiment with George was his older brother, Cyrus Millins (1835-1889).


Opening page in Millins’ Diary

Adrian, Lenawee Co., Michigan

G.W. Millins book Virginia
Mich 4th Reg., Co. B
Minors Hill. L.E.B. Mich. Lenawee Co. Palmyra,
Mich 4 Regt. Co. B Infantry, G. W. Millins


Wednesday [January] 8 [1862] — It has rained all day.

Thursday [January] 9 [1862] — It is quite pleasant to day. The [wind] blows and the mud is drying up.

Monday [February] 10 [1862] — Pleasant but quite cold. I went to Mr. Bearche’s this evening to an oyster super. Had a pleasant time.

Tuesday [February] 11 [1862] — I am on guard today. Went to Mr. Kerbes with Barnes & took dinner. Staid most all day. The boys shot at target — the distance 150 yds.

Wednesday, February 12th, 1862 — I have been in my tent most all day. Not feeling very well. The company shot at target 300 yds. & were the best shots in the Reg.

Thursday [February] 13 [1862] — It is very warm & pleasant but muddy. We shot at target 200 yds. Orderly Barritt made the best string.

Friday [February] 14 [1862] — This morning we were called up at an early hour & were ordered to get ready to scout. We were soon on the way upon the R.R. We went as far as Vienna but saw no secesh.

Saturday, February 15, 1862 — Today it snows. The snow is quite deep. I feel sore lame on the account of our long march yesterday. It is stated the rebels followed us & took some prisoners.

Sunday [February] 16 [1862] — Today our Regt. are on picket. It is quite pleasant but the snow is quite deep. Our reserve is at Mr. Barritt’s. We have seen no Rebels yet.

Monday [February] 17 [1862] — We are still on picket. It has rained all day & froze as it fell. The news reached us of the surrender of Fort Donelson into our hands & 15,000 prisoners.

Tuesday, February 18th, 1862 — We are back to camp again, being relieved about noon. It is very muddy. We were tired out when we came into camp.

Wednesday [February] 20 [1862] — Nothing of importance today.

Thursday [February] 20 [1862] Today I am 23 years old. General Porter was in camp today at dress parade. He said he should soon need us to folow him.

Friday, February 21st, 1862 — quite pleasant today. It did not thaw until most night.

Saturday [February] 22 [1862] — Today is the memorable day of Washington’s birth. We heard his last speech read by our Chaplain & other speeches. Cannon fired.

Sunday [February] 23 [1862] — It has rained all day. The news of the fall of Savannah confirmed.

Monday, February 24th, 1862 — The wind blew so hard today. It blew most all the tents down. Ours came down with a crash. The center pole broke & away it went — pancake batter & all.

Tuesday [February] 25 [1862] — I am on guard today. The officers of this Brigade presented Gen. Morell of a banner. There was several speeches made.

Wednesday [February] 26 [1862] — Pleasant this morning. This afternoon it rains again. This evening there is a report that we are to march on the morrow.

Thursday, February 27th, 1862 — Well, today has passed & we are still in camp but under marching orders.

Friday [February] 28 [1862] — This morning we were mustered for pay. The wind blows hard.

Saturday, March 1 [1862] Today it is cold & windy. Banks’ Division have crossed the Potomac at Harper’s Ferry without opposition. New pants given out to us today.

Sunday, March 2d, 1862 — It snows today & is very unpleasant.

Monday [March] 3 [1862] — Today the snow is melting & it is quite warm. Tonight it rains again very hard most all night & the wind blew our tent down.

Tuesday [March] 4 [1862] — It is froze this morning & is quite cold. Ten of the best shots of the company have gone to shoot at target.

Wednesday, March 5th, 1862 — It has been quite pleasant. Last night the sick were all taken to Washington & we had to come out to rail cars with cartridge boxes on.

Thursday [March] 6 [1862] — Today I am on guard. It is quite pleasant. Tonight it is very cold.

Friday [March] 7 [1862] — Today it is cold & windy. We had a short drill.

Saturday, March 8th, 1862 — Last night we had orders to march today but the order was countermanded & we have not gone. It is cold & windy.

Sunday [March] 9 [1862] — This morning at 6 o’clock, were on the march for up the R.R. towards Vienna. We are encamped in the pine woods guarding the R.R.

Monday [March] 10 [1862] — About 10 o’clock last night, Co’s B, G, K were relieved at the crossing east of Vienna by the 62 Pa. & we joined our reg. at Vienna this morning. Men are marching towards Fairfax [Court House]. A fight expected [2nd entry] We are at Vienna today. We have sent into camp after rations. Smith’s Division are on the march toward Fairfax [Court House]. An attack is expected. It seems like an onward movement. The 10th the movement yesterday was general & we returned to camp & were ordered to pack up in one hour & a half to start for Fairfax notwithstanding we were completely tired out. We all went to work with cheer & within specified time were ready to march with quite an additional load upon our backs. We came within 3 miles of Fairfax [C. H.] & encamped in the woods.

Tuesday, March 11th, 1862 — The forward [movement] yesterday proved to be general & we returned to camp, packed up in one hour & ½, and were on our way to Fairfax [C. H.]. We arrived here this morning at 8. o’clock. [2nd entry] This morning we arose from our couch of boughs at an early hour & at the break of day were on the march again. We arrived at Fairfax [C. H.] at 8 o’clock & encamped near our Brigade a little west of the town & here we are seated on the ground in groups. We have no tents. The report is this morning that Centerville is in our hands & also that the rebels are deserting their works & retreating from Manassas.

Wednesday ( March) 12 (1862) — We are still at Fairfax [C. H.] where we are a going. We had Battalion drill this forenoon, Brigade dress parade. McClellan pass[ed] in review. [2nd entry] The report is confirmed that Manassas is deserted & their magazines blown up. We are still at Fairfax [C. H.]. This afternoon we [had] brigade dress parade after which McClellan passed in review. Long before he reached us, we heard the loud cheering of the men of different brigades as he passed & the sound grew nearer as he approached us & the echo was taken up & carried along the lines of our brigade as he passed & was carried on until it was lost in the distance. The men love him as one man & would die for him if necessary. We tarried at Fairfax [C. H.] until Saturday. Nothing of importance transpired.

Thursday [March] 13 [1862] — We had company drill A.M. Nothing of importance happened today of account the reason of our staying is to give time to repair the R.R.’s.

Friday, March 14th, 1862 — Today we are lying in camp. We had drill in the bayonet exorcise. The report is that we go to Alexandria tomorrow.

Saturday [March] 15 [1862] — This morning we were called up at 4 o’clock to prepare to move at 6 o’clock. We were ready but had to wait for other troops to pass. [2nd entry] Saturday morning we broke up camp at Fairfax [C. H.] & after waiting for other divisions to pass so we could move, we were off. It rained all day. We were as wet as rats. We came to Clouds Mill & were told that the General had provided us with good quarters in the barracks of [a] regiment that had left their camps. As we did. the men greeted this news with 3 yells & pushed along at a good walk. We encamped at the camp of the 64th N.Y. Reg. We have comfortable quarters [with] a good stove in each tent.

Sunday [March] 16 [1862] — We are within three miles of Alexandria in the camp of the 64 N.Y. Reg. It rained all day yesterday. Were as wet as rats. We are quite dry this morning & in comfortable quarters. [2nd entry] It is pleasant & bids fair for a good day. We encamped in the vicinity of the 64th Regt. until Friday.

Monday, March 17th, 1862 — We are still in camp of the 64th Regt. We expect to move today. This afternoon we moved upon the hill east of the camp & encamped in the brush.

Tuesday [March] 18 [1862] — We expected to have gone on board of the transports to day but we are still encamped with the instructions to be ready in a moment.

Wednesday [March] 19 [1862] — We had orders to go this morning at 8 o’clock but we are here in camp yet at 1 o’clock. We did not go today.

Thursday, March 20, 1862 — We are still encamped on the side hill. It has rained all day & most of the boys have gone to the quarters of the 64th Reg.

Friday [March] 21 [1862] — We have orders to go at 9 o’clock this morning. We are here yet, all packed up to start. I expect we will go soon. About 1 o’clock we begin our march. [2nd entry] About 1 o’clock, we started for Alexandria. It was very muddy walking but we arrived there in good time & after some delay we were aboard the Daniel Webster & ankered in sight of Alexandria for the night.

Saturday [March] 22 [1862] — We arrived at Alexandria in due time yesterday & after some delay we were aboard the steamship Daniel Webster, we cast anchor out in the stream & are still this morning by Alexandria. [2nd entry] Saturday morning we are still at anchor & will not move until the whole fleet gets ready. Our ship weighed anchor at about 10 o’clock & we were off, followed by the State of Maine, Mystic, Nantucket, Nelly Bake, & other transports numbering in all about 18.

Sunday, March 23rd, 1862 — We kept on our course all day yesterday & last night & this morning we are in the Chesapeake. The bay is smooth & it is pleasant. We are now at Fort Monroe about 3 o’clock. [2nd entry] Sunday morning, we are sailing down the Chesapeake Bay. It is very pleasant & calm. We passed several of the Rebel fortifications & once our gunboats made ready to fire but we passed by unmolested & there has no accident happened as yet to our boat. We are just passing the mouth of the Roanoke. It is now about ten o’clock Sunday, March 23. Yesterday we passed the far-famed Mount Vernon — the residence of Washington. It is now owned by John A. Washington — a Rebel. He was shot a short time since by a party of skirmishers of Union troops. We arrived today at Fort Monroe about 3 o’clock. We was much pleased to look upon the far-famed Fort Monroe. It is a very strong fortification. We did not have any chance to look at it much for we were marched off to encamp. We marched through Hampton. It has been burned by the rebels. It looks as though it had been a nice place but nothing but ruin now. We saw the Yankee craft that drove the Merrimac back to Norfolk. It looks as the Rebels said it did — [like] a Yankee Cheese Box on a raft. It is called the Monitor. We encamped about 2 miles from Fort Monroe & this morning…

Monday [March] 24 [1862] — After some delay in landing yesterday we started in a northern direction & encamped about 2 miles from Fort Monroe & this morning [2nd entry] we are still where we encamped. There is six Michigan Regt’s encamped here. We are all packed up for a start. We will march soon. We did not move Monday but Tuesday about 10 o’clock, we were off. We encamped again about 2 miles of our other encampment, a short distance from Newport News.

Tuesday [March] 25 [1862] — We stayed all day yesterday where we encamped, packed up to move, but did not go until today about 10 o’clock. We moved off towards Newport News.

Wednesday, March 26th, 1862 — We encamped yesterday about 3 miles from our last encampment & we are still here in good quarters.

Thursday [March] 27 [1862] — This morning we were ordered to get ready to march. We marched up to Great Bethel but the Rebels left as we approached. [2nd entry] We were ordered to march early this morning with nothing but haversacks & canteens –[an] indication of a forced march. We marched to Great Bethel taking a circuitous route. We get there at 1 o’clock. The Rebels ran out as we came in[to] their encampments, or where they had encamped extended 3 or 4 miles. We did not see any of them, but their fires were left burning. We stayed there about an hour & returned or started on the return march. We arrived in camp at sundown pretty well tired out.

Friday [March] 28 [1862] — We came back to our encampment after walking all day. We did not get a chance to see a Rebel but there has been a large number of them there. I am on guard today.

Saturday, March 29th, 1862 — Nothing of importance transpired today. We are still in camp.

Sunday [March] 30 [1862] — It rained all night last night. We got as wet as rats. It is cold and rainy to day.

Monday [March] 31 [1862] — It is pleasant & warm today. We are still in camp. We expect to march soon.

Tuesday, April 1st, 1862 — It is pleasant today & quite cold. We got fooled once today on the mail. One of the corporals fooled us.

Wednesday [April] 2 [1862] — It is cold & windy. It looks stormy.

Thursday [April] 3 [1862] — Today I am on picket. It is warm & pleasant. We are about a mile from camp.

Friday, April 4th, 1862 — This morning we were called up from picket & ordered to march. We marched within 4 miles of Yorktown & encamped. We shelled a battery.

Saturday [April] 5 [1862] — This morning we started & arrived at their first fortifications & commenced the attack about 11 o’clock. One man wounded in the battery. [2nd entry] Yesterday morning we were started on our march towards Yorktown. We arrived at the first fortification when they fired two shots, when our artillery were ordered to form in an open field & at a quarter to ten, opened fire upon the Rebel breastworks. The firing continued steadily about 2 hours. Lull & a cessation of firing. One man killed. At 1½ o’clock, firing commencd on the left. It still continues. It is now 2 o’clock. They appear to have a large force. We — Co. B — a part of them — went skirmishing. We went within 600 yds. of their breastworks on the right. At 5 o’clock all is comparatively [quiet] except occasionly a shot exchanged & some firing by the sharpshooters. Although the shell fell among us, there is no one hurt in the 4th Regt. We are on the advance. Three of the 62nd [N.Y.] Reg. are wounded, the shell passing over us & bursting among them. And also one of the 4 Bodiland Battery was killed. The Rebels have not returned near as many shots as we have sent. They seem to keep silent. There, they have sent some shell. One just bursted near us. I guess they don’t mean to let us rest here so quiet. The Rebels just threw some shell at a home about half way between us & them [that] our sharpshooters had taken possession of. They make the sharpshooters scatter. Just at sunset, a shell burst near the center of our line, wounding one man in Co. C. — the only accident that happened to the 4th Regt. during the fight today.

Sunday [April] 6 [1862] — Yesterday the firing was kept up intervals all day. Just at sunset, one man in Co. C [was] wounded by the bursting of a shell from Sesesh. All is quiet on both sides today except sharpshooting. [2nd entry] Today all is quiet except sharpshooting. Last night 400 of our Regt. were on picket. We crawled forth a short distance of their breastworks & could hear them give command occasionally. There was a volley of muskets exchanged — the balls whizzing around us — but no one [was] hurt. At half past 2 o’clock, the Rebels threw 3 shots among us — one shell bursting near us but no one injured. Our cannoneers returned the compliment by returning 5 shots. All is again quiet, 25 minutes to 3 o’clock. But it commenced again in a few moments. One shell bursting right among us but fortunately no one injured. At 3 o’clock, all is again quiet.

Monday, April 7th, 1862 — Today it is comparatively quiet except occasionally a shot from the Rebels but not returned as yet by our cannoneers. There was a few shots exchanged towards night. [2nd entry] There has been several shots fired at us by the Rebels this morning but not returned by our artillery. We expected that the battle would begin in earnest this morning but as yet it does not appear like it. Rained quite hard. It is now one o’clock. Just now — at a quarter to 4 — the Captain came in from a scout wounded in the left arm but not very bad, the ball stopping as it struck the bone in the fleshy part of the arm above the elbow.

Tuesday [April] 8 [1862] — It rained all night last night. It does not rain much now. No firing as yet on either side this morning. The day has passed [with] no firing. [2nd entry] It rained all night last night & until about 9 o’clock this morning. It is now eleven o’clock. The day has passed & no artillery firing on either side in our vicinity. A little to the left, there was a few shots.

Wednesday [April] 9 [1862] — It is still rainy but we still in the forenoon lay where we were. The enemy began to throw shells at 11 o’clock, coming very near us. We moved our position this afternoon. [2nd Entry] It rained some again last night. 9 o’clock this morning & all is comparatively quiet except sharpshooting. About 11 o’clock the Rebels began throwing shell. They have thrown 8 — the last one a few moments ago [which] burst near us. Our artillery returns every shot. Nothing more this afternoon. We changed positions towards the right about 3 quarters of a mile. It rained all the while we were on the march & made it very unpleasant fixing up our shelters but we are now out of the range of the enemy’s guns. How soon we will commence the attack, I do not know.

Thursday, April 10th, 1862 — It is quite pleasant this afternoon. Nothing of importance today. We lay encamped in a peach orchard.

Friday [April] 11 [1862] — We still lay around the Rebel fortifications. It is warm & pleasant. When we begin operation, I do not know.

Saturday [April] 12 [1862] — Today it is pleasant. The Rebels threw several shells over us at the gunboats. I was on picket last night in a scary place.

Sunday, April 13th, 1862 — There is little of interest going on today. We hear heavy cannonading towards Fort Monroe. We have not learned what it was.

Monday [April] 14 [1862] — Nothing of importance today excepting cannonading in the distance.

Tuesday [April] 15 [1862] — Some firing over the bay with the gunboats shelling the Rebel lookout.

Wednesday, April 16th, 1862 — This morning there is considerable firing of canon in direction where we first lay. It is still again now cannonading -– has kept up all day [2nd entry] Cannonading all day toward the left. Now, just at night, it is still commenced. We have been building pontoon bridges across a brow of the bay. We have four nearly completed. We hear that there is some killed in the cannonading today & some wounded. It is about a mile to the left.

Thursday [April] 17 [1862] — Some cannonading all day. Pleasant & warm today.

Friday [April] 18 [1862] — We are on picket today about night. The Secesh threw 4 shells at us but hurt no one. One of them did not burst & the boys said it is about 100 hundred lbs.

Saturday, April 19th, 1862 — We came off from picket this morning. We exchanged a good many shots with the enemy. Capt. Wood of Co. C was killed by one of his own men. All is quiet today.

Sunday [April] 20 [1862] — We lay in camp all day. Some firing but comparatively quiet.

Monday [April] 21 [1862] — Today we were detailed to do fatigue duty. We worked all day on a breastwork for siege guns. It mounts 16 guns of large caliber. It rained towards night.

Tuesday, April 22nd, 1862 — It is somewhat rainy today but we have comfortable quarters. Some firing today. Towards night, the Rebels ran out some light artillery & fired 8 or ten shots & ran back.

Wednesday [April] 23 [1862] — It is warm & pleasant today. A detail of 300 men to work on the breastworks from our Regt.

Thursday [April] 24 [1862] — Nothing of importance today. 80 men of our Regt. were at work all night on a mortar bed. I was one of them (the detail).

Friday, April 25th, 1862 — It is cold & stormy today. We were called up at 3 o’clock this morning to work on the fortifications. We worked until noon.

Saturday [April] 26 [1862] — It is still cold & stormy this morning. Some firing at the gunboats. It has rained all day today.

Sunday [April] 27 [1862] — We started early this morning on picket. Nothing of importance until eleven o’clock when the Rebels threw shell among about ½ hour with a continuous report but no one injured.

Monday, April 28th, 1862 — We returned to camp this morning being relieved. Shelling continued at intervals all night. We are getting our pay today.

Tuesday [April] 29 [1862] — This morning we were called up at three o’clock to do fatigue. Worked all the forenoon with shells bursting among us thrown by the Rebels but no one injured. We are on the reserve this afternoon. [2nd entry] This morning we were called up at 3 o’clock to work on the fortifications. We are building a fort or breastwork across a field from the woods on the south to the river for large guns. It is in full view of the enemy’s fortifications distant about one half mile. The rebels threw shell at us all the forenoon, striking the dirt & burying themselves in the sand, & then explode. One shell cut a man’s shovel handle off. They were all excellent shots but fortunately no one [was] injured. We are getting pretty well fortified. We are in the reserve this afternoon.

Wednesday [April] 30 [1862] — Nothing of importance today. Some firing from battery No. One & returned by Secesh. We were mustered today.

Thursday, May 1st, 1862 — We were on fatigue today again upon the breastworks around Yorktown. The Rebels shelled us all the afternoon but could not drive us away. No one hurt.

Friday [May] 2 [1862] — We have lain in camp today. The rebels have kept up a continual fire of shell upon our workmen today — so much so that they could hardly work.

Saturday [May] 3 [1862] — The Rebels have kept up a continual fire upon us all day & last night. No casualties in our division.

Sunday, May 4, 1862 — The Rebels bombarded us all night — more than usual — & this morning have evacuated Yorktown. Our flag floats on the breastworks & our cavalry are after them & troops marching. [2nd entry] We were started to work upon the fortifications but upon reaching them, we discovered our pickets going towards the forts of the enemy & soon saw the Stars & Stripes waving over the evacuated works of Yorktown. We gave three hearty cheers & returned to our camp. We needed no one to relieve us then.

Monday [May] 4 [1862] — We remain in the same camp. Firing of cannon in the direction of the retreating enemy. No news from it up to tonight — only rumors.

Tuesday [May] 5 [1862] — We are still this morning in camp. Firing has ceased. We were called up to march last night but did not go. Some firing in the distance.

Wednesday, May 7th, 1862 — We are still in camp but have orders to be ready to go. We are to be transported somewhere.

Thursday [May] 8 [1862] — Last night we were called up at one o’clock to march for Yorktown. We arrived there in due time. We went aboard this afternoon.

Friday [May] 9 [1862] — We arrived at West Point this morning. [the following was scratched out] we lay near Yorktown until after 2 o’clock & went aboard the Vanderbilt for West Point. We did not move off until midnight & then sailed.

Saturday, May 10, 1862 — We went on picket to day [the following was scratched out] We arrived at West Point some time last night & came ashore this morning. The Regts that were here first got cut bad the ______ had 200 killed and wounded.

Sunday [May] 11 [1862] — We came off from picket last night. We did not stay on the account of the advance of the army. We are in camp today. Nothing of importance.

Monday [May] 12 [1862] — We lay in camp today near West Point. It is warm & pleasant. We had orders tonight to be ready to march by 5 o’clock tomorrow morning.

Tuesday, May 13th, 1862 — This morning we are on the march but go slow. We passed through woods most all the way. We encamped at dark about 12 miles up the Pamunkey [river].

Wednesday [May] 14 [1862] — We lay encamped at Cumberland Landing all day today. It has rained all the afternoon.

Thursday ( May) 15 (1862) — We have been packed up all day today to march & it has rained all day & our tents down. Night has come & we are still here.

Friday, May 16th, 1862 — This morning we began our march towards Richmond. We encamped at White House Landing at about 7 o’clock at night.

Saturday [May] 17 [1862] — We still lay encamped where we encamped last night with a little alteration in a clover field.

Sunday [May] 18 [1862] — It is very warm today. We are where we encamped where we encamped Friday at the White House Landing.

Monday, May 19th, 1862 — We are packed up to march this morning. We marched very slow. Co. B was detailed to guard baggage train & did not get to camp until night. We are encamped at Tensille station on the R.R.

Tuesday [May] 20 [1862] — We lay in a pleasant place about 18 miles from Richmond where we encamped last night. We have got to build some bridges before we can advance.

Wednesday [May] 21 [1862] — This morning we were called up at 3 o’clock to march. We marched about 4 miles & are encamped in a pleasant place in a field.

Thursday, May 22nd, 1862 — We were ordered to march without knapsacks. We had not got far before the order was countermanded. We are finally on the march with knapsacks on. We encamped about 5 miles from our other encampment.

Friday [May] 23 [1862] — We are encamped in an open field in a pleasant place about 10 miles from Richmond where we encamped last night.

Saturday ( May) 24 (1862) — We were ordered early this morning to go out upon a reconnoissance.  We went as far as the Chickahomony River where we met & repulsed the enemy, killing 107 of their men & taking 37 prisoners. We lost 8 killed & wounded. [2nd entry] This morning we were ordered out (4th Regt.) to make a reconnoissance in reference to a bridge that crossed the Chickahomony River about 4 miles from our present camp & about 6 from Richmond. We met with no opposition until we reached the river when our skirmishers began to fire & were answered in turn. Co. B was then deployed off towards the left & Co. A towards the right. Co. A encountered them first & drove them towards the left & as we entered the woods. The Rebels opened upon us, killing one of our men — A.M.D. Piper — dead & wounded others. Then the fight continued from behind trees for a while in which the Rebels got far the worst for our shots told every time. The Rebels made one charge towards us, yelling at the top of their voices, but were glad to find something to cover themselves with for we thinned their ranks like dew before the sun. Finally some of our most forward men plunged into the river & made for the other side. The Rebels began to run then & we all plunged in — Co. B, G, K, & A — & we took 23 unwounded prisoners & 17 wounded & carried them across the river. We continued to fire at the Rebels until they got out of range when we gathered up the all the wounded & (Secesh), leaving the dead on the field, & recrossed the river, having accomplished our end. We returned to camp carrying dead & wounded. There was 5 killed & wounded in Co B. One killed dead, one mortally wounded, one severely [and] two slightly. Their names: Franklin E. Drake, mortally wounded, died of his wounds at 9 o’clock this evening. John Campbell, severely wounded. Martin Brockway & George Young, slightly wounded, & the aforesaid Piper killed. One in Co. A wounded. One in Co. I severely ditto. In Co. C, ditto. The official report sent to our Colonel from General Smith — he going upon the battlefield after we left — was 107 of the Rebels left dead upon the field, beside the wounded they removed. Our men did splendidly & were met & complimented by General McClellan with the remark that he always knew the 4th Regt to be a good one but now he knew them to be reliable.

Sunday, May 25th, 1862 — Today we rest from our labor & the men enjoy it on the account of our fatigue yesterday. We buried our comrades today (Piper & Drake) of Co. B with military honor & all due respect.

Monday [May] 26 [1862] — We were ordered to march this morning. We broke up camp at 5 o’clock & moved about 3 miles & encamped near the grist mill, about one mile of the Chickahomony.

Tuesday [May] 27 [1862] — Left camp near the [Chickahominy] early in the morning in a drenching rain & marched about 15 miles to Hanover where we encountered the Rebels & had a fight until dark — about 2 hours & routed them. [2nd entry] We left camp at Gaines Mills & marched northwest. We had marched about 10 miles when fighting in front of us caused us to hurry along. We did, coming to the place where the fight first commenced & the Rebels were retreating. We followed them 3 or 4 miles — the advance keeping up with them & fighting until they (the Rebels) seemed to be entirely routed. We passed about a mile when heavy discharges of musketry gave us to understand that we were attacked in the rear. We about faced & went at them. We being in advance of our brigade did not get into the fight [which] lasted until dark & ended in the entire rout of the enemy. We encamped upon the battlefield. Our loss was about 50 killed, 250 wounded & taken prisoners, of which the 44th N. Y. & the 25th suffered the most. The number of Rebels killed 200. Most of their wounded carried off but we afterwards found some 100 wounded & we took over 1,000 prisoners. It rained most all day the day of the fight. We returned to camp the 29th, arriving about 12 upon the night of the 29th.

Wednesday, May 28th, 1862 — We encamped upon the battlefield last night. This morning we buried the dead & went over the battlefield. Our killed was about 50 & a large number wounded. Their killed 200 + 1000 prisoners.

Thursday [May] 29 [1862] — This morning we were ordered to pack up to go to camp but did not get started until afternoon & we were until one o’clock at night getting to camp.

Friday [May] 30 [1862] — Today I am on guard but did not stand post until night. It commenced to rain very hard towards night & rained all night.

Saturday, May 31st, 1862 — It has been cloudy all day but did not rain the afternoon. The roar of cannon & muskets have been incessant in the direction about 3 or 4 miles off to appearance. We have been in readiness but not called upon. [2nd entry] There has been fighting all the afternoon in the direction of Richmond & from the sound, I should think about 3 miles off. We was told to be in readiness but was not called upon.

Sunday, June 1 [1862] — This morning we were ordered to march. We have got as far as the Chickahominy & have got to build a pontoon bridge. Fighting to the left of us. We were ordered back to camp. [2nd entry] We are upon the march this morning & have got as far as the Chickahominy & have got to build a pontoon bridge before we advance. There is heavy musketry a little to the left & has been ever since we started. The results of the battle yesterday I have not ascertained — only that our men drove the Rebels & took a good many prisoners.

Monday [June] 2 [1862] — We are upon picket today. It is very quiet along the lines today. Hardly any firing. No certain information of the fight day before yesterday.

Tuesday, June 3rd, 1862 — We came off from picket today being relieved about 10 o’clock. It was very warm returning to camp. All is pretty quiet. We were ordered to be ready to march in a moment’s warning.

Wednesday [June] 4 [1862] — It rained all night last night & wet us all pretty severely & it has been raining all day. Nothing of importance today.

Thursday [June] 5 [1862] — Shelling the rebels across the river has been the work by our cannoneers this forenoon. This afternoon we received our pay.

Friday, June 6th, 1862 — It has been quite cold today. One of the 14th N.Y. killed today upon picket. All is comparatively quiet.

Saturday [June] 7 [1862] — All is still today. No firing I was on guard lst night & today I am pretty near sick.

Sunday [June] 8 [1862] — Today our Regt. are guarding the workmen building a bridge across the Chickahominy. I am in the hospital having the ague. I feel well tonight.

Monday, June 9th, 1862 — I am still in the hospital. Had fever all day. About noon the regt. came in & this afternoon, General McClellan reviewed Porter’s whole corps. The troops made a fine appearance. No cheering allowed.

Tuesday [June] 10 [1862] — It is raining to day until about noon. I am still in the hospital but feeling pretty well. Be around in a day or two, I reckon.

Wednesday [June] 11 [1862] — It has been warm & pleasant today. I left the hospital this morning. Firing cannon down by the bridge just at night.

Thursday, June 12th, 1862 — nothing of importance today. All seems to be quiet. I don’t [feel] very strong yet.

Friday [June] 13 [1862] — It is very warm today. I am not feeling very strong. Our Regt. have gone on picket this afternoon. A good deal of heavy firing this morning.

Saturday [June] 14 [1862] — It has been very warm today all day. The boys are still on picket. Just at night, considerable firing on picket. I have not heard from them (the boys).

Sunday, June 15th, 1862 — It is very warm today. The boys came off from picket this afternoon. I had a chill towards night & fever afterwards.

Monday [June] 16 [1862] — It is quite cool today. Nothing going on of importance. Our work goes on without molestation by the Rebels.

Tuesday [June] 17 [1862] — This morning our Regt were ordered out to do fatigue duty. About noon, we hear heavy cannonading in the direction of the James river & we expect it is the gunboats. No news from there yet.

Wednesday, June 18th, 1862 — It has rained today. There has been firing cannon most all day. Shelling the Rebels in front of New Bridge. The result we do not know.

Thursday [June] 19 [1862] — The Rebels have been shelled by our batteries & balloon most all day & their fire returned by our batteries. No one hurt as I have learned.

Friday [June] 20 [1862] — It is quite pleasant today & cool. The Rebels have been shelling us all day. 2 of our Brigades moved their camps. One of the Regulars was killed.

Saturday, June 21st, 1862 — It is quite warm & pleasant. One Brigade of our Division on the account of the Rebels shelling them tonight we have Brig. drill. Heavy cannonading upon the James river.

Sunday [June] 22 [1862] — We are on picket today. The Rebels fired three shell over us this morning. It has been quite warm today. We can see the Rebels but no shooting allowed.

Monday [June] 23 [1862] — We came off from picket this morning. The rebels fired two or three shots or shells at us this morning. No one hurt. It is warm but windy.

Tuesday, June 24th, 1862 — It is very warm today. It rained very hard last night & the wind blew violently. Picket firing & cannon last night & this morning.

Wednesday [June] 25 [1862] Just one year today our Regt. left Adrian. Secesh have had a little taste of our siege guns. Many of our shots passing through their works. None of their shots done us damage.

Thursday [June] 26 [1862] — This morning all is a still as a cottage home, but about 2 o’clock we were ordered to be ready in a moment to fight. About 3 o’clock, cannonading commenced & such canon I never heard. Our boys went about 4 o’clock. I am on guard. [2nd entry] It has been quiet all the forenoon — stiller than for a week. But this afternoon our Regt. had orders to pack up & stack arms & be ready to march. About 3 o’clock cannonading our right in the vicinity of Mechanicsville & from that time until after dark, they kept up such a continual roar of cannon, putting all cannonading in the shades that I ever heard. Our boys was ordered out about 4 o’clock with our Brigade. There has been several discharges of musketry but it has been chiefly an artillery fight. It is now 9 o’clock in the evening & still the cannon keep up their deadly roar but not so near fierce. It begins to lag. I am on guard or I should be with the boys. We have heard nothing yet from the field but from the sound, I should judge our men have drove the Rebels back.

Friday, June 27th, 1862 — The firing continued at intervals all night & this morning our boys came back and packed knapsacks & fell back about one mile & a half. Fighting soon commenced & lasted all day. We lost many brave boys. [2nd entry] Our boys came to camp this morning packed knapsacks & Porter’s Corps fell back about one mile & a half & chose our position & waited for the Rebels. It was said to be a test laid out to bait the Rebels in. We had not waited long before firing commenced among our pickets & skirmishers. The Rebels advanced very slow & we took advantage of their delay & placed rails in front of us as a temporary breastworks. The made an attack & were repulsed & ran in every direction, leaving the colors on the field. But soon they came again & were repulsed & a third time came up — one Regt. after another, in line of battle, ten to our one. We poured in a continual discharge of musketry, piling their dead in heaps, but our right broke & then our left, & they (Rebels) closed in & cross fired upon us. We were in the center & were compelled to fall back which we did, holding three times, & forming & delivered our volleys into the enemy’s ranks. Our ammunition was all gone & we retreated about one mile & met reenforcements & halted & formed as they passed us on double quick. The Rebels broke & run in turn. We were soon supplied with ammunition & were ready to go in again, but were not needed for the Rebels gave way & our men took possession of the field. Night stopped the bloody affair & we crossed the Chickahominy. Our [regimental] loss is 250 killed, wounded, & missing.

Saturday [June] 28 [1862] — We were driven back last night about a mile when reinforcements came up & drove the rebels from the field & brought off our wounded. The Regt. lost 250 killed & wounded & missing. We are across the Chickahominy. [2nd entry] We moved today about 8 miles towards the James river. In the fight yesterday, our Division suffered very severely. As near as I can judge, our whole loss was near 4,000 killed, wounded, & missing. In our company, we lost 13 men. Their names: Lew Jones, T. P. Atkinson, H. Fisher, Sergt. Meech, I. Bailey, L. Barnes, Croxto [were] killed & mortally wounded. D. Day, J. Richardson, Al Garnsey [were] wounded & R. L. Gernsey, Warner, & Morse [are] missing. The enemy’s loss was greater than ours owing to our position, yet they had 60,000 men engaged & 20,000 reserve under Jackson. Our numbers did not exceed 20,000 men & the Rebels acknowledge a loss in the 3 days fighting [of] 30,000 killed, wounded, & missing.

Sunday [June] 29 [1862] — We came across the Chickahominy about 12 o’clock while the Divisions of Richardson, Kearny & Franklin remained upon the battlefield today. We moved about 2 miles towards the James river.

Monday, June 30th, 1862 — We marched all night last night. Got upon the wrong road & turned back & lay down to sleep. Slept about one hour & marched today to the James river & are encamped in the pines. We are tired out — it being four days since we have rested. [2nd entry] We arrived at James river about 10 o’clock & rested until about 3. There has been fighting in our rear. The Rebels were twice repulsed & commenced to fight us in front. We were ordered out & formed in line in a field about one mile from camp. It is a nice battleground. The battle commenced on our right & as we were on the reserve. We lay down & waited. We had not lain long before the Rebels opened a battery upon us in the rear towards the river — the shell striking right among us but hurting no one. We got behind the woods & our batteries opened upon them & the gunboats & it lasted 2 hours when the Rebels dug out & that ended the fight upon our left. Still it continued upon the left until after dark which resulted in whipping them in every place, taking 3,000 prisoners & 3 batteries. No additional news as yet.

Tuesday, July 1 [1862] — We did not rest more than 3 hours yesterday before the fighting commenced near us & we were ordered out & formed in a large field. The battle lasted until after dark which resulted in the defeat of the Rebels & 2,000 of them taken prisoners. [2nd entry] This morning we moved to the front & soon cannonading commenced. The Rebels felt of us all day most & there was one continuel whiz of shell, but we lay in [a] ravine & the shell passed over us from both sides. About 5 o’clock the Rebels came out of the woods in front of our Regt. upon the left flank & marched upon us in vast force. We advanced to the edge of the hill & as they came in sight, we gave it to them by file & kept them in check until our cartridges were gone & then we fell back for another Regt. to take our place, which they did in gallant style on [the] double quick. Our Colonel was killed. Capt. Rose killed. Spalding Wounded, & many of our brave boys killed & wounded. The Rebels were driven from the field & four miles beyond & all their artillery taken. We fell back & lay down until midnight & marched to City Point.

Wednesday [July] 2 [1862] — We lay upon the battlefield all night & yesterday morning we moved to the front. Fighting soon commenced & lasted all day mostly. Cannonading until night & when we went in there with infantry & drove them back & last night we marched to City Point. It has rained most all day. We are here yet.


Sample of Millins’ handwriting in his diary

Thursday, July 3rd, 1862 — Yesterday morning we arrived at City Point after traveling all night. It has rained all day & today it is so muddy, we can hardly get around. New troops came from the boats & more Secesh began to run.

Friday [July] 4 [1862] — Yesterday the secesh threw 4 or five shell into our camps but had to run, leaving their cannon behind. We are in camp today. Nothing going on.

Saturday [July] 5 [1862] — We are encamped in the woods. No fighting since Thursday. We are not worth anything anymore. Our colonel is dead & most all our captains. Spalding has gone home. [2nd entry] We are encamped in the woods. The army do not appear to move forward much. We have been reenforced & hold our position. The Rebels dare not attack us & they can’t retreat without danger of great loss.

Sunday, July 6th, 1862 — Today it is very warm. No fight since the 5th except picket & skirmishing. We are drawing new clothing & blankets.

Monday [July] 7 [1862] — It is also warm today. We are so completely worn out that most all the boys are nearly sick. We moved our streets today.

Tuesday [July] 8 [1862] — It has been very warm today. The heat was oppressive. No movement in the army here except reinforcements arriving & President Lincoln was here today.

Wednesday, July 9th, 1862 — Reinforcements are continually landing & our army are slowly advancing. It is very warm. A great many are sick but things begin to look more cheerful.

Thursday [July] 10 [1862] — We learn by the Herald today that Burnside is near at hand. It rained this afternoon — a thing that was very much needed. It was so dusty & so warm.

Friday [July] 11 [1862] — It has rained all day today & it is a nice thing for it cooled the air. Nothing of importance today.

Saturday, July 12th, 1862 — It is cool today. Reinforcements are arriving. Some of Burnsides, I hear. Reported[that]  Gen. McClellan was among our camp today looking fresh & gay.

Sunday [July] 13 [1862] — It has been quite warm today. Nothing unusual going on today. [If] it was not for my dairy, I should have forgotten it was the Sabbath.

Monday [July] 14 [1862] — Nothing of importance transpiring today. No news. The boys are most all sick.

Tuesday, July 15th, 1862 — I am on guard today. Nothing transpiring of importance. We were mustered for pay today. It rained very hard towards night.

Wednesday [July] 16 [1862] — It has been very warm today & a heavy shower towards night.

Thursday [July] 17 [1862] — It continues to be warm & rainy. It rains tonight hard.

Friday, July 18th, 1862 — Nothing of importance. We sent out 4 flags of truce to get the body of Colonel D. A. Woodbury but they returned without him.

Saturday [July] 19 [1862] — It is quite cool today. About noon the detail from our Regt. that went into the lines of the Rebels with a flag of truce bringing a boat load of wounded.

Sunday [July] 20 [1862] — Sunday it is quite warm today. The officers say they are going to get the body [of] Col. D. A. Woodbury. They have been twice, but failed.

Monday, July 21st, 1862 — We have been moving today & a busy day it has been. We moved about one mile towards the river & we are in a nice place.

Tuesday [July] 22 [1862] — We have fixed up our camp nice today. Now if we [only] had the soft bread we have [been] promised, we would be all right. Our cry is bread.

Wednesday [July] 23 [1862] — It is warm today. We had battalion drill. Colonel Lombard puts on style. I wish Col. Childs would come back.

Thursday, July 24th, 1862 — It is very warm today. This afternoon General Morell reviewed our division & the order was giving to be ready for a review of Porter’s Corps de Army.

Friday [July] 25 [1862] at 7 o’clock this morning we were ordered out upon General review of Porter’s Corps. It was very warm.

Saturday [July] 26 [1862] — It is very warm today & rained towards night. Oh, how we want something to eat that would taste like food. No soft bread yet.

Sunday, July 27th, 1862 — Warm & pleasant. Nothing of importance in camp.

Monday [July] 28 [1862] — Today the Rebels drove in our cavalry scouts. We took two prisoners.

Tuesday [July] 29 [1862] – Nothing of importance today. The health of the Regt. improving. We have orders to be in readiness to march at any time.

Wednesday, July 30th, 1862 — I am on guard today. It is rainy & warm.

Thursday [July] 31 [1862] — It is still raining today. The new Merrimack came out today. Our gunboats drove her back.

Friday, August 1 [1862] — There is considerable excitement in camp this morning on the account of the Rebels shelling us from the opposite side of the river. The shell flew into our camp but did but little damage.

Saturday, August 2d, 1862 — This morning we were ordered to march a 8 o’clock with 80 rounds of cartridge. We went across the river & stayed until night. We caught some cavalryman.

Sunday [August] 3 [1862] — We are in camp today. The men that landed the other side of the river attacked a cavalry camp & captured the colonel & other prisoners.

Monday [August] 4 [1862] — It is very warm today. We are receiving our pay today.

Tuesday, August 5th, 1862  — At an early hour this morning, cannonading commenced up the river & lasted 3 hours. We learned that Hooker had captured Malvern Hill & 600 prisoners.

Wednesday [August] 6 [1862] — Today over 3,000 prisoners arrived from Richmond being exchanged. Among the number was Day of Co. B who we supposed to be dead.

Thursday [August] 7 [1862] — Nothing of importance taking place today.

Friday, August 8th, 1862 — It is very warm today. Nothing going on in camp. Recruits came for the 9th Mass. last night.

Saturday [August] 9 [1862] — It is warm today. I am on guard. All is quiet along the lines. The 9th Mass get too much whiskey. It makes them quarrelsome.

Sunday [August] 10 [1862] — It is very warm today. About noon, we had orders to be ready to march in an hour. We packed up everything & put them upon the boats.

Monday, August 11th, 1862 — We are still in camp. We are to be transported somewhere but do not know where. Today has passed & we still are in camp.

Tuesday [August] 12 [1862] — We are still in camp this morning although everything is being loaded upon the boat except men & equipments. The whole army seems to be moving.

Wednesday [August] 13 [1862]  — It is cool today but we still lay in camp awaiting orders. No one understands the move but we expect it is to reinforce Pope.

Thursday, August 14th, 1862 — I am on guard today. Just at night we had orders to get ready to march. We started about 10 o’clock.

Friday [August] 15 [1862] — We marched about ½ mile from camp & lay down for the rest of the night. This morning we started towards the Chickahominy. We did not get there today.

Saturday [August] 16 [1862] — We crossed the Chickahominy this morning & lay all day until near night when we marched all night & encamped 2 miles beyond Williamsburg.

Sunday, August 17th, 1862 — We began our march quite early this morning & marched to Yorktown [arriving] about 2 o’clock — a distance since last night of 26 miles.

Monday [August] 18 [1862] — Started from Yorktown at 5 o’clock this morning & encamped for the night at Hampton — 25 miles march.

Tuesday [August] 19 [1862] — This morning we marched to Newport News & embarked after usual delay & ran down to Fortress Monroe & anchored.

Wednesday, August 20th, 1862 — We moved up the [Chesapeake] Bay last night & this morning finds us steaming up the Potomac. We landed at Aqua Creek & our Regt. marched 9 miles.

Thursday [August] 21 [1862] — This morning we started at an early hour for Fredericksburg where we are arrived about 10 o’clock. The rest of our division rode on the cars.

Friday [August] 22 [1862] — Last night we were given orders to be ready to march. We started about 10 o’clock in the evening & marched about 3 miles & fooled along until morning and then up & marched to Ellis ford 20 miles.

Saturday, August 23d, 1862 — Yesterday there was fighting at the ford above here most all day. The Rebels were defeated. Fighting all day today at Rappahannock Station.

Sunday [August] 24 [1862] — We have not heard of the result of the fighting yesterday but the report says that Pope is advancing. We are still at Ellis Ford but expect to leave soon.

Monday [August] 25 [1862] — We are still at the lower ford & we don’t know when we will move. It is a pleasant place. There was fighting away to the right today. We heard cannon.

Tuesday, August 26th, 1862 — We are in the same old camp today [the following was scratched out] This morning we left Ellis Ford at 7 o’clock & marched all day to Warrington Station & encamped. I am on guard tonight.

Wednesday, [August] 27 [1862] — This morning we left camp & marched all day & encamped at Warrington Station. There was fighting towards Manassas.

Thursday [August] 28 [1862] — This morning we started from camp at 4 o’clock & marched within a few miles of Manassas Junction. We are now in camp. The fighting yesterday was between Hooker & Jackson at Bristol.

Friday, August 29th, 1862 — We are marching towards Manassas Gap. They have been fighting for two or three days & are at it now. We lay all night near the enemy but were not engaged.

Saturday [August] 30 [1862] — This morning we left our position & marched to Centerville & had rations delivered to us & then followed our Corps towards the battlefield. We did not get to fight but the rest of our Corps was cut badly.

Sunday [August] 31 [1862] — We have lain in Centerville all day today. No fighting today. Porter’s Corps was cut up very bad yesterday. Our Brigade was not in the fight.

Monday, September 1st, 1862 — We are still at Centerville but have orders to be ready to march at any moment. Our troops appear to be moving their positions.

Tuesday [September] 2 [1862] — We left Centerville before daylight but owing to the road being blockaded, we did not get started until daylight. We marched near the Chain Bridge & encamped.

Wednesday [September] 3 [1862] — We started again this morning on our march & marched around the Forts near Chain Bridge & came to our old camp on Minor Hill & encamped.

Thursday, September 4th, 1862 — We lay in camp all day today. The enemy came near & threw shell at our cavalry but soon drew off their forces. All is quiet tonight.

Friday [September] 5 [1862] — We are still in camp on old Minors Hill. We had orders to march or be ready to march at a moment’s warning but did not go.

Saturday [September] 6 [1862] — We were mustered today. We lay in camp all day today. I am on guard this evening. We were ordered to get ready to move & we marched about 4 miles around & encamped.

Sunday, September 7th, 1862 — We lay encamped near Upton’s Hill. Co. B went on picket last night & today the whole Regt. are on picket. All is quiet.

Monday [September] 8 [1862] — We are still on picket but expect to be relieved. We are still here tonight. The report is the Rebels are in Maryland.

Tuesday [September] 9 [1862] — We are still on picket near Falls Church. No news of the army. All is quiet in front. We got our knapsacks today.

Wednesday, September 10th, 1862 — On picket. Still news today that Jackson was at Frederick [Maryland] with 100,000 men. No news of our army. We are left to protect Washington.

Thursday [September] 11 [1862] — We are still on picket. It rains today. No news from the seat of war. Some rumors.

Friday [September] 12 [1862] — We were called up at an early hour this morning & began to march at daylight. We marched to Washington & then towards Rockville, Maryland.

Saturday, September 13th, 1862 — We encamped last night about 4 miles north of the District line in Maryland. This morning, began our march & encamped within 16 miles of Frederick. Fight[ing heard] all today.

Sunday [September] 14 [1862] — Started early this morning for Frederick. [Heard] fighting beyond there. We encamped for the night at Frederick, Maryland. The fighting was said to be at Harper’s Ferry.

Monday [September] 15 [1862] We left Frederick this morning & marched to Middletown. [Heard] fighting all day today. Our troops took a good many prisoners. We passed 200.

Tuesday [September] 16 [1862] — We encamped at Middletown last night. We passed the battlefield of yesterday today. There was about 1,000 dead secesh. The citizens were burying them.

Wednesday [September] 17 [1862] — We encamped last night upon yesterday’s battlefield. Our army are nearly all here. This morning the battle commenced at an early hour & lasted all day. We drove them a mile in the center & turned their wings. Our brigade was not engaged.

Thursday [September] 18 [1862] — The rebels were defeated yesterday. No fighting today of account we removed all our wounded. The Rebels have fallen back. We took a great many prisoners. Our loss is heavy. The rebels are thought to be in a tight place.

Friday, September 19th, 1862 — The Rebels retreated last night, leaving Sharpsburg & retreated across the Potomac. We followed them today & just at dark, our Regt. charged across the river [and] took three pieces of artillery. Luman Buck [was] killed.

Saturday [September] 20 [1862] — After pitching their cannon into the river, we came back last night & this morning before daylight, we crossed again & returned & then our corps tried to cross, but were repulsed. Our loss was quite heavy.

Sunday [September] 21 [1862] — All has been quiet today & we for a long time have enjoyed a Sabbath days rest. The Rebels appear to be in force upon the other side of the river.

Monday, September 22d, 1862 — All is quiet today. No news of our army. The Rebels don’t appear to have much force upon the opposite side of the river so we moved our camp ½ mile.

Tuesday [September] 23 [1862] — No fighting today anywhere as we can hear & we don’t know what is a going on — only our army have disappeared. We go on picket tonight.

Wednesday [September] 24 [1862 — We have been on picket all day. Nothing of importance taking place. The Rebel pickets have been in sight all day upon the opposite bluff. No firing allowed. We exchanged papers.

Thursday, September 25th, 1862 — We are encamped today. A Regt. of Cavalry went across the river today & scouted the country. No rebels very close. Burnside crossed below us today.

Friday [September] 26 [1862] — We are in camp. No movement as yet of our Corps yet other troops are marching. We know but little what is going on.

Saturday [September] 27 [1862] — We are still in camp. No news of the army.

Sunday, September 27th, 1862 — We are [on] picket today. Nothing going on of any importance.

Monday [September] 29 [1862] — All quiet along the Potomac.

Tuesday [September] 30 [1862] — We have cleaned up our camp today. A reconnoitering party [went out] yesterday & drove in the Rebel pickets.

Wednesday, October 1st, 1862 — Another reconnoitering today. The enemy are in force around Winchester. No movement of our army yet.

Thursday [October] 2 [1862] — The President was among the troops today but did not give us a call as we expected.

Friday [October] 3 [1862] — The President came around today & reviewed us & you may bet we lay in the sun until we got tired before he came. He looked careworn.

Saturday, October 4th, 1862 — The Inspector General was through our Corps today but did not get to our Brigade. We hope the paymaster will come.

Sunday [October] 5 [1862] — Nothing today.

Monday [October] 6 [1862] — No paymaster today as was expected. Active service expected soon.

Tuesday, October 7th, 1862 — I am on guard today. Some firing across the river.

Wednesday [October] 8 [1862] — Nothing of importance today. Burnsides forces moved today.

Thursday [October] 9 [1862] — Our artillery thew a few shells across the river at cavalry today.

Friday, October 10th, 1862 — What shall I write today? I hope it will rain. It is so dusty & dry.

Saturday [October] 11 [1862] — Well, it did rain last night & today & it is too cold now. All is quiet except a report [that] the Rebels are in Pennsylvania.

Sunday [October] 12 [1862] — Our new Chaplain preached today. We were very much pleased with him. His name is [John] Seage from Hillsdale — [a] Baptist.

Monday, October 13th, 1862 — Today we are on picket. A flag of truce went across today. We have heard nothing of the rebel cavalry today.

Tuesday [October] 14 [1862] — We are still on picket today. Those Rebel cavalry came down to the river & wanted to exchange papers but we would not exchange. A woman wanted to come across.

Wednesday [October] 15 [1862] — We came off from picket today. This afternoon we were inspected by the Inspector Master General. The Rebel cavalry have crossed into Virginia.

Thursday, October 16th, 1862 — This morning we were called up very early to march. We started at daylight & waded the river. We drove the enemy before us about 7 miles from Shepardstown & encamped for the night.

Friday [October] 17 [1862] — This morning we were called up at an early hour to resume our march. It rained most all night. We went as far as Martinsburg & then began to return.

Saturday [October] 18 [1862 — Nothing today. Last night we got to Shepardstown about dark. The rebels followed us. We was out about ten miles. We re-crossed the river about midnight.

Sunday, October 19th, 1862 — Pleasant today. Our Chaplain preached today. We like him much.

Monday [October] 20 [1862] — Nothing today. Everything indicates a stay of some time at this place.

Tuesday [October] 21 [1862] — Cold today. Nothing to write.

Wednesday, October 22d, 1862 — Nothing.

Thursday [October] 23 [1862] — We had orders to have three days rations [and be] ready to move at a moment’s warning. We will probably move soon.

Friday [October] 24 [1862] — I am on guard today at General Morell’s headquarters. I went on last night. They are having general inspection in camp.

Saturday, October 25th, 1862 — It is cold today. Our teams have gone for overcoats & clothing but were met by Gen. Griffin & told not [to] bring clothing for we would have to march soon nearer where it was.

Sunday [October] 26 [1862] — It is cold & rainy today. We have not moved yet but expect to soon. Rumor says we are going to Washington.

Monday [October] 27 [1862] — We did not move today as ordered last night & are here tonight. It rained all night & is cold & windy.

Tuesday, October 28th, 1862 — We are in camp yet it is warm & pleasant today but cold last night. I feel the need of more covering.

Wednesday [October] 29 [1862] — We are here yet but expect we will march about tomorrow. It is cold today.

Thursday [October] 30 [1862] — We are still here. The Regulars are moving & I expect we will soon. About 3 o’clock we were ordered to get ready to move. We did not get started till about 3 o’clock.

Friday, October 31st , 1862 — We marched most all night & encamped near Harpers Ferry this morning. We began our march about 8 o’clock this morning & marched about 4 miles from Harpers Ferry in Landons valley.

Saturday, November 1 [1862] — There has been cannonading today. We were mustered for pay this morning. The government owes us 4 months pay. We lay in camp all day. It is a pleasant valley.

Sunday [November] 2 [1862] — We resumed our march up the valley. We marched to a pass in the mountains called Snickerstown. The Rebels are in force upon the other side of the mountain.

Monday, November 3d, 1862 — We lay in camp a short distance from Snickerstown all day. Once the Rebels came in sight & we shelled them. We thought they were advancing.

Tuesday [November] 4 [1862] — We are in camp yet but expect to moove soon. The teams have all left. Cannonading [could be heard] in the distance all day. I was on guard last night & I like to froze.

Wednesday [November] 5 [1862] — We are still in camp but expect to move soon. The teams have all left. Cannonading up the valley supposed to be at Ashby’s Gap.

Thursday, November 6th, 1862 — We began to march this morning at daylight. We marched to Middleburg through a nice country & from thence about 6 miles farther, making about 18 miles march.

Friday [November] 7 [1862] — We broke camp this morning at daylight & marched very near Rectorstown & encamped. It snows like sixty.

Saturday [November] 8 [1862] — We were called up at 4 o’clock this morning & resumed our march towards New Baltimore. It is cold & snow on the ground. We encamped about 3 miles of Warrington.

Sunday, November 9th, 1862 — We marched about 2 miles today & encamped. It is very cold. Nearly the whole army are here. The report is General McClellan is superseded in command.

Monday [November] 10 [1862] — This morning we were reviewed by General McClellan for the last time as our General. He has been relieved & Gen. Burnside is in command. Ridiculous.

Tuesday [November] 11 [1862] — Cannonading in advance of us & we have not heard the details. The troops are mad about General McClellan’s being relieved. We love him.

Wednesday, November 12th, 1862 — Today Gen. Fitz John Porter reviewed his corps prior to leaving us. He is to report to Washington for court martial by order of Gen. Pope. Hooker supersedes him. They are bound to take all of our generals away.

Thursday [November] 13 [1862] — We are in camp today. Our corps is pretty down about their taking Porter away. No Porter. No McClellan. We fear the results.

Friday [November] 14 [1862] — I am on guard today. No movement today. Things are at a standstill. It will put us back 2 weeks taking McClellan away.

Saturday, November 15th, 1862 — Today Gen. Hooker reviewed our corps. I was on guard yesterday & owing to the review, I stood all day today.

Sunday [November] 16 [1862] — We were in camp today for the first Sabbath for 4 weeks. We heard an excellent sermon from our Chaplain.

Monday [November] 17 [1862] — We broke camp this morning & marched in the direction of Fredericksburg. We marched about 2 miles.

Tuesday, November 18th, 1862 — We continued our march this morning & marched within 12 miles of Fredricksburg & encamped for the night.

Wednesday [November] 19 [1862] — The road was blockaded. We did not get started untill after noon. We marched about 5 miles & encamped. It rains a little all the while.

Thursday [November] 20 [1862] — It rained hard all night & some today. The roads are very bad. I don’t see how we are a going to advance after the rain commences.

Friday, November 21st, 1862 — We are still about 8 miles from Falmouth & it rains. It rained very hard last night & we are stuck in the mud & no hard crackers.

Saturday [November] 22 [1862] — We packed up today to start but did not get started. We have had no hard tack today & the prospect was that we would get none. But we rallied upon the regulars.

Sunday [November] 23 [1862] — We marched all day today through woods and swamps & north of Fredericksburg 4½ miles & encamped after dark. I was on guard & like to froze last night.

Monday, November 24th, 1862 — We moved in shape today & are still here. The rebels hold posession of Fredericksburg & Burnside has ordered the women & children out [of the city] before opening on them.

Tuesday [November] 25 [1862] — All is quiet today. We don’t get much provision. The most the prospect is we will stay here some time.

Wednesday [November] 26 [1862] — Nothing but hunger today. No hard tack.

Thursday, November 27th, 1862 — We got hard tack about noon today. No meat or coffee. No fighting. The roads are bad.

Friday [November] 28 [1862] — The cars run through to Falmouth & plenty of provision are being forwarded, yet we are short.

Saturday [November] 29 [1862] — We are still in camp this morning. Colonel Childs took leave of his Regt. having resigned on the account of charges being deferred against him.

Sunday, November 30th, 1862 — Everything indicates as though we was a going to stay here some time. The boys are fixing up for winter.

Monday, December 1 [1862] — Still we are preparing for winter yet. We have no orders to do it. The Rebels are at Fredericksburg.

Tuesday [December] 2 [1862] — Cold today. Nothing going on but style in camp.

Wednesday, December 3d, 1862 — We drew clothes today. I drew 1 dress coat, 1 pair draws, 1 shirt, rubber blanket, 1 pair of mittens. It makes us fixed for winter cold nights.

Thursday [December] 4 [1862] — We are on picket today about 4 miles of camp. We expect to stay 48 hours. We are in the woods in a ravine [where] it is quite warm.

Friday [December] 5 [1862] — We are still upon picket. All has been quiet today. It began to snow about noon & continued most all night. We fixed up our rubber blankets so as to shelter us. We are contented anywhere.

Saturday, December 6th, 1862 — We did not get relieved until near night. It did not thaw much today. It is very cold — colder in camp than on picket.

Sunday [December] 7 [1862] — I am on guard today. It is very cold & windy. We stand around the fire & shiver. The boys are fixing up to keep warm.

Monday [December] 8 [1862] — It is still cold. No drill today. We don’t feel very fighting mad but just mad enough to want better quarters to live in.

Tuesday, December 9th, 1862 — It is a little warmer today but tedious yet but shanties are going up all the while. But we hear today that we stay here but a short time longer.

Wednesday [December] 10 [1862] — We did not leave camp today but were ordered to get ready at 4 o’clock. We did not get off tonight.

Thursday [December] 11 [1862] — This morning at 4 o’clock we were called up to start. Cannonading commenced & soon after we got up at Fredericksburg. It continued all day & ended in our troops crossing into the city.

Friday, December 12th, 1862 — Our troops have been crossing all day. We have not crossed yet but are ready. It is now about 1 o’clock. We did not cross the river tonight. Most all of the troops are across.

Saturday [December] 13 [1862] — The Rebels have not left yet but are back some ways from the river. Firing commenced early this morning. About noon we were ordered to the fields & fought till after dark. Co. B had 5 men wounded.

Sunday [December] 14 [1862] — We lay upon the field all night in the mud & today we are still upon the front skirmishing. We lay flat on our faces. About 10 o’clock at night we were relieved.

Monday, December 15th, 1862 — We lay all day in the city not much fighting today. Tonight we moved down street & part of Co. B slept in a nice room. About morning we crossed the river.

Tuesday [December] 16 [1862] — We stopped awhile about one mile from Fredericksburg & at daylight this morning we started for our old camp. Our troops have evacuated the city.

Wednesday [December] 17 [1862] — We are in our old camp about 4 miles from Fredericksburg. Our army have ceased operations for awhile. We could not carry the enemy’s works by storm. We were handsomely whipped.

Thursday, December 18th, 1862 — We are fixing up for winter again. How long it will be before we go at the Rebs again. Our regimental loss in Saturday’s fight was 65 killed & wounded — 7 of Co. B.

Friday [December] 19 [1862] — It is cold today. Nothing going on. The wounded have all been sent away [to] D. C. Farrar was killed.

Saturday [December] 20 [1862] — We have a nice fire in our tent. It is very cold.

Sunday, December 21st, 1862 — It is cold & windy today. We had preaching in the afternoon. No news of importance.

Monday [December] 22 [1862] — Everything acts like staying here for awhile. We can not move towards Richmond very quick.

Tuesday [December] 23 [1862] — It is warmer today. I am on guard at the Brigade’s commissaries.

Wednesday, December 24th, 1862 — Tonight warm & pleasant. Today, report says we are going to Washington for winter quarters.

Thursday [December] 25 [1862] — Nothing going on today except the officers are having a tight upon Uncle Sam whiskey. It is a lonesome Christmas.

Friday [December] 26 [1862] — It is warm & pleasant today. Let Salsbury came back today & we are building our house bigger.

Saturday, December 27th, 1862 — We finished our shanty today. We commenced taking a paper today of Fisher. We are to take one everyday.

Sunday [December] 28 [1862] — We had a good sermon today. It is colder than yesterday. We have heard cannonading up the river today.

Monday [December] 29 [1862] — We did our washing today. It is pleasant as a rainy day in winter. Our Captain is as cross as a bear. It takes a fight to bring his top not down.

Tuesday, December 30th, 1862 — At 12 o’clock today we were ordered to be ready in a moment’s warning with three days rations to march. We left camp about 2 o’clock & marched 16 miles.

Wednesday [December] 31 [1862] — We encamped about 10 o’clock last night about 8 miles from Eliss Ford. We left camp before daylight & marched within 2½ miles of Rappahannock Station & back to camp the same night at 8 o’clock, having marched 65 miles since 2 o’clock yesterday.


[Thursday, January 1st, 1863] — New Years today & nothing to do.  I am so lame

Friday Jan 2 [1863] — We were mustered today for pay. The government owes us 6 months pay.

Saturday Jan 3rd [1863] — News of a great battle being fought a Murfreesboro [Tennessee]. Full particulars not reached us.

[Sunday January] 4th [1863] — We had preaching today from the text, “And Abraham drove away the fowls that came to pray upon the carcasses of the beasts.”

Jan 5th Monday [1863] — Nothing today but drill & a plenty of that.

Jan 6th [1863] — Nothing but drill today.

Jan 7th Wednesday [1863] — All quiet upon the Rappahannock.

Thursday Jan 8th [1863] — We were reviewed today by Gen. Burnside (our Corps). It was a dull review & like to froze. No cannon fired. No cheering. I am on guard tonight.

Friday Jan 9th [1863)] — We had company drill this morning & Battallion drill this afternoon. I made some fried cakes & a short cake tonight.

Saturday [January] 10th [1863] — It rained all day today & tonight.

Sunday [January] 11th [1863] — Cold & wet today. No preaching today.

Monday [January] 12 [1863] — We had drill today on the mud. News that Galveston, Texas, had been recaptured the 1st of Jan by the Rebels.

Tuesday [January] 13th [1863] — We have had inspection today by a major of General Meade’s staff. We was very rigid. It all helps to gain a victory.

Wednesday [January] 14. [1863] — Plenty of drill & no pick hot.

Thursday [January] 15 [1863] — On guard today. It rains & wind blows hard. Our sick were all removed today. Indications of a move.

Friday [January] 16th [1863] –We are ordered to be in readiness [to] march tomorrow morning. Where? We do not know. It rained most all night. Cold today.

Saturday [January] 17 [1863] — We did not move to day. It was put off until tomorrow at noon. It is cold weather. We don’t know where we are a going.

Sunday [January] 18 [1863] — We did not move today — put off 24 hours longer. It’s cold. Can’t put it off too long to suit me.

Monday [January] 19th [1863] — Did not move today — put off 24 hours longer. It’s a bungling mess of troops.

Tuesday [January] 20th [1863] — We are preparing to move this morning at 1 o’clock. We move. We marched about 2 miles from camp & encamped in the woods. It rained all night like suds.

Wednesday [January] 21st [1863] — This morning we are stuck in the mud but managed to march about 4 miles. It rained all day & tonight it still rains horrible.

Thursday [January] 22nd [1863] — We were ordered to be ready to march this morning at 5 o’clock but did not move today. It rains still & it is impossible to move.

Friday [January] 23 [1863] — We made a corduroy road today so to get our artillery back to camp. It was stuck in the mud. We fixed the road 3 or 4 miles.

Saturday [January] 24 [1863] — We returned to camp today & found everything demolished & burned up. Oh, how ridiculous.

Sunday [January] 25th [1863] — I am on guard today. It tries to rain all the time. The roads are most impassable.

Monday [January] 26 [1863] — Nothing today but fix up our old dilapidated shanties. Report says Hooker [now] commands the Army of the Potomac.

Tuesday [January] 27 [1863] –It rained today. Nothing done.

Wednesday [January] 28 [1863] — It snowed all day today & all night. It is horrible one. Cannot stir out.

Thursday [January] 29 [1863] — The snow is about six inches deep in the mud and one goes in up to his kness in mud & snow. We fixed our tent today.

Friday [January] 30 [1863] — Muddy as ever today. We paid Jones $100 dollars to draw us a load of wood.

Saturday [January] 31st [1863] — We did our washing today. Muddy is no name for the mud, water, & snow.

Sunday 1st Feb [1863] — We had regimental inspection this morning & at 2 o’clock we had divine service.

Monday [February] 2 [1863] — I am on guard today. It is cold.

Tuesday [February) 3rd [1863] — It has been growing colder all day & tonight it is stinging.

Wednesday [February] 4 [1863] — It is very cold today. No drill. We stick pretty close to the fire.

Thursday [February] 5 [1863] — It is still very cold. We were ordered to get ready for Regimental inspection at 10 o’clock but it snowed so hard it was postponed.

Friday [February] 6 [1863] — It is growing warmer & more pleasant.

Saturday [February] 7 [1863] — Nothing.

Sunday [February] 8 [1863] — I am on guard today. It is quite warm, but muddy.

Monday [February] 9th [1863] — This morning there was a detail of 240 men to do fatigue duty. It takes most all. I am out being on guard the stay 5 days.

Tuesday [February] 10 [1863] — It is warm & pleasant today. It looks like spring.