Irvin Sylvester Miner


Irvin S. Miner in civilian clothes (ca 1864)

This 1862-1863 Diary was kept by Irvin Sylvester Miner (1838-1917), the son of James H. Miner (1811-1890) and Maria Catherine Spencer (1816-1838). Irvin’s father purchased a farm in Pittsford Township, Hillsdale county, Michigan, in 1841. When he was 28 years old, Irvin enlisted on 20 June 1861 at Adrian, Michigan as a sergeant in Co. F, 4th Michigan Infantry. Regimental records indicate that he was mustered out of the regiment on 23 December 1863 but diary entries suggest he was still in the service at the close of 1863.

Irvin enlisted again in August 1864 and was promoted to 2d Lieutenant in February 1865, and 1st Lieutenant in August 1865. He mustered out in May 1866 at Houston, Texas.

In 1869, Irvin married Amanda M. Bryant (1841-1917).

Sgt. Miner was taken prisoner twice during his service with the 4th Michigan Infantry and this diary spans both imprisonments at Belle Isle in Richmond, Virginia.



Wednesday, January 1, 1862 –- Regt. on picket except Co.’s A, B, C, & F.  I was on guard at Sutler’s. Received the box of good things from home.

Sunday, [January] 5 –- I was on guard at the commissaries. It rained all day.

Wednesday, (January) 8 – I was on guard at the Quartermaster’s. Rainy again as usual.

Saturday, (January) 11 – We received our new guns — the Springfield Rifles. The same pattern as the Minie Rifle.

Monday, (January) 13 – Shot at target. I hit the bulls eye at one hundred yards off hand.

Tuesday, (January) 14 – Rained.

Wednesday, (January) 15 – Snowed, froze, and rained.

Thursday, (January) 16 – Rained.

Friday, (January) 17 – Shot at target off hand at 250 yards. I hit two inches below bulls eye.

Saturday, (January) 18 – Rained and snowed.

Sunday, (January) 19 – Thawed and rained. Awful muddy.

Monday, (January) 20 – I was on guard. It rained as usual all day and night.

Thursday, (January) 23 – Went hunting.

Saturday, (January) 25 – Thawed wet and sloppy.

Sunday, (January) 26 – Attended divine service.

Monday, (January) 27 – It rained again today.

Tuesday, (January) 28 – Received our pay $26.00. Owed sutler $4.00.

Friday, (January) 31 – Bought $2.00 postage stamps.

Saturday, February 1, 1862 – Snowed. Rained.

Sunday, (February) 2 – Sunday morning inspection.

Monday, (February) 3 – Drew a revolver in lottery for 25c.

Wednesday, (February) 5 – Went to Alexandria. Had a fine time.

Thursday, (February) 6 – I was on guard post 18. It rained.

Saturday, (February) 8 – Had battalion drill and dress parade in morning. Shot at target 300 yards off hand. I hit the cross X. Lieut. Preston returned from Richmond.

Sunday, (February) 9 – Had Sunday morning inspection. Battalion drill then dress parade Took until 12 o’clock. Then dress parade again at 5.

Monday, (February) 10 – Shot at target 150 yards off hand. I made a string.

Tuesday, (February) 11 – Shot at target 225 yards.

Wednesday, (February) 12 – Shot at target 800 yards off hand. I hit twice out of three times.

Thursday, (February) 13 – Shot at target 250 yards.

Friday, (February) 14 – Went to Vienna [Virginia] on a reconnaissance after some Rebel Cavalry .

Sunday, (February) 16 – On picket.

Monday, (February) 17 – On picket.

Tuesday, (February) 19 – Came in off picket.

Wednesday, (February) 20 – Made a set of chess men. It rained. Considerable muddy.

Friday, (February) 21 – Had bayonet exercise in forenoon and afternoon and dress parade at 4 General Porter rode past.

Saturday, (February) 22 – On guard. Listened to an oration from the Chaplain.

Monday, (February) 24 – We were visited with a hurricane of wind blowing down trees and tents and tearing things generally.

Tuesday, (February) 25 – Pleasant. A flag was presented to General [George W.] Morell by the officers of his brigade.

Wednesday, (February) 26 – Had a battalion drill in forenoon.

Thursday, (February) 27 – Great excitement in camp. We pack up to move. I wrote all day making out pay rolls.

Friday, (February) 28 – We were mustered for pay.

Saturday, March 1, 1862 – Last night [was] the coldest of the season.

Sunday, (March) 2 – Had usual Sunday morning inspection. Grumbling and cleaning of brasses and streets.

Tuesday, (March) 4 – On guard post 18. Shot at target 200 yards off hand. I hit it nine times out of ten.

Wednesday, (March) 5 – Had bayonet drill.

Thursday, (March) 6 – Had bayonet exercise.

Friday, (March) 7 – Had bayonet drill.

Sunday, (March) 9 – On picket at Vienna.

Monday, (March) 10 – On picket at Vienna. Advance of the Army. We went back to camp then to Fairfax.

Tuesday, (March) 11 – Slept in the woods. Some cold. Resumed our march at daylight.

Wednesday, (March) 12 – Had battalion drill. I was taken sick and fell out. Had brigade dress parade. Little Mac passed along the lines.

Thursday, (March) 13 – Had company drill.

Saturday, (March) 15 – We marched to Clouds Mills, 14 miles. It rained all day. We were quartered in the camp of the 64th N.Y. Lay in our wet clothes without a fire.

Sunday, (March) 16 – Had inspection. I went to Fort Worth. She mounts 16 guns. 2 are from England.

Thursday, (March) 20 – On guard at the General’s.

Friday, (March) 21 – Marched to Alexandria. Went on board the Daniel Webster and lay all night in the river.

Saturday, (March) 22 – Started for Fortress Monroe. Saw Mount Vernon and the tomb of Washington. Anchored at 10 and lay all night in the river.

Sunday, (March) 23 – Started at 5. Arrived at Fortress Monroe at 2. Marched to Hampton and camped.

Monday, (March) 24 – Went oyster fishing. Took a ramble through Hampton — a pretty place of 1500 inhabitants. Burnt by [General] Magruder April 7th.

Tuesday, (March) 25 – Marched two miles and camped. A splendid country around here. Owned by large planters who have fled.

Thursday, (March) 27 – We went to Big Bethel on a reconnaissance and back. 30 miles. It is a strong place and well fortified.

Friday, (March) 28 – Warm and pleasant. Peach trees in bloom. Had regimental inspection.

Saturday, (March) 29 – On guard post 10 2nd relief. It rained.

Monday, (March) 31 – Went hunting and fishing. Had company drill.

Wednesday, (April) 2 – Had company drill in the forenoon and afternoon and dress parade at five.

Thursday, (April) 3 – On picket NE 10 post 1st reserve.

Friday, (April) 4 – Marched for Yorktown but camped 4 miles this side and slept in the woods.

Saturday, (April) 5 – Arose at daylight. Cooked my breakfast and resumed our march at daylight. Arrived in sight of their fortifications at 10. Had a sharp artillery fight which lasted the rest of the day. We lost one man. Our reg. supported the battery.

Sunday, (April) 6 – We lay on our arms all night. They made a demonstration on our pickets but found us ready. We had one man wounded.

Monday, (April) 7 – I was detailed as a sharpshooter to pick off the enemy’s gunners. Was shot at five times. I hit one Reb at 1100 yards.

Tuesday, (April) 8 – I stole 20 corns from under their fort. Was detailed again as a sharpshooter. Our provisions begin to run short. No crackers, no salt pork or coffee.

Wednesday, (April) 9 – They shelled us again all day. We fell back one mile and resumed our place on the right. It rained all day and we were wet to the skin. No tents to camp in.

Thursday, (April) 10 – Went oyster fishing. We got our poncho tents. Had inspection.

Friday, (April;) 11 – Went oystering again. Got about a peck. Had inspection.

Saturday, (April) 12 – On picket and saw lots of Rebels. Had nothing to eat until 4 o’clock.

Sunday, (April) 13 – Came in from picket. Heard a Catholic service. Had 4 o’clock inspection.

Monday, (April) 14 – Went oyster fishing. Got ½ bushel. Inspection as usual at four o’clock.

Tuesday, (April) 15 – Had bayonet drill and inspection.

Wednesday, (April) 16 – Was detailed to work on road.

Thursday, (April) 17 – Had dress parade.

Friday, (April) 18 – Arose at three. Went on picket. Balls flew rather thick. Capt. Wood was shot by mistake. Died.

Saturday, (April) 19 – Came in off picket.

Monday, (April) 21 – Was detailed to work fortifications. It rained a perfect flood. Lay in my wet clothes all night.

Tuesday, (April) 22 – Was taken sick.

Thursday, (April) 24 – Had inspection and dress parade.

Friday, (April) 25 – It rained.

Sunday, (April) 27 – Our regt. was on picket. I stayed in camp and went crab fishing.

Monday, (April) 28 – We received 2 months pay. 26 dollars.

Tuesday, (April) 29 – On Provost guard watching prisoners.

Wednesday, (April) 30 –We were mustered for pay. It rained.

Thursday, May 1,1862 – Our regt. was detailed to work on Artillery 10 Redoubt C on peninsula. Was shelled considerably in night. The Merrimack is reported captured but not believed.

Friday, (May) 2 – Went fishing and narrowly escaped getting hit with piece of shell. The Rebel firing is quite brisk. They burst their big gun which they used on us.

Saturday, (May) 3 – Pleasant and comparatively still though they are throwing a few [shells] this evening.

Sunday, (May) 4 – Was detailed to work on outer parallel but came back to camp after visiting the deserted fortifications. Yorktown evacuated. Our cavalry and flying artillery start in pursuit.

Monday, (May) 5 – Rained all day making it difficult to march. I was on guard at sutlers.

Tuesday, (May) 6 – Had 4 o’clock inspection and battalion drill.

Wednesday, (May) 7 – Had company drill in forenoon. Inspection and dress parade in afternoon. In evening struck tents to march when the order was countermanded and we pitched them again.

Thursday,(May) 8 – Struck camp at one AM. Marched to Yorktown and lay down till noon. Then shipped for West Point on board C. Vanderbilt. Ran up within half a mile, then anchored for the night.

Friday, (May) 9 – Went ashore at 8. Friend Frank Clement in Co. K, Mich. 7th visited the battlefield and saw some dead Rebs and also some of our boys with their throats cut by the enemy. I was on guard at night.

Saturday, (May) 10 – Regt. are on picket. I spent the day in fishing. Considerable cannonading in the direction of Chickahominy Swamp.

Sunday, (May) 11 – Pleasant.

Monday, (May) 12 – Had battalion drill and dress parade.

Tuesday, (May) 13 – Marched to Cumberland Landing. Day awful warm. Roads horribly dusty. The country is quite level and mostly covered with fine forests which are afire by the fleeing Rebels. Saw one church on road.

Wednesday, (May) 14 – Rained all day. Went fishing in Pamunkey River.

Thursday, (May) 15 – Rained all day as usual. Struck tents in morning to march but pitched them again at night on the same ground. I was on guard at night.

Friday, (May) 16 – Struck tents in morning. All day marching five miles. The roads are dreadful muddy. Camped at 10 o’clock near White House Landing. Then had to cook our supper.

Saturday, (May) 17 – Had a dream last night. Dreamed of standing guard in the east lot. The Rebs evacuated Boyden’s Farm, then I visited home.

Sunday, (May) 18 – Pleasant. Had divine service at 10. Inspection and dress parade at 5. General Porter and Morell promoted. McQuade commands the Brigade.

Monday, (May) 19 – We advanced to Tunstall Station eighteen miles from Richmond. Pleasant in forenoon rainy in afternoon.

Tuesday, (May) 20 – I scouted around considerably today but saw nothing worthy of note. Had inspection and dress parade at 4.

Wednesday, (May) 21 – Advanced five miles and camped for the night. I was on guard. It is a splendid country around here and the crops look fine.

Thursday, (May) 22 – We struck tents again at daylight but did not start until one. Camped after having marched 4 miles.

Friday, (May) 23 – Very warm. Our artillery shelled a part of Chickahominy Swamp. Reported defeat of Beauregard at Corinth.

Saturday, (May) 24 – Our regt. had a fight at New Bridge on Chickahominy through which we plunged waist deep in water with a shower of lead in our faces. We lost two men killed and 6 wounded. Their loss 42 prisoners, killed and wounded, supposed to be about two hundred.

Sunday, (May) 25 – Buried the two killed in the fight yesterday in military style.

Monday, (May) 26 – Advanced two miles to Gaine’s Mill.

Tuesday, (May) 27 – Marched to Hanover and had a hard fight. They lost 200 killed and 600 prisoners. Slept on our arms all night.

Wednesday, (May) 28 – Lay on the field of battle all day. Little Mac passed and was vociferously cheered.

Thursday, (May) 29 – Started about 4 for camp. Arrived there about 12 at night, distance 21 miles. Lay without tents.

Friday, (May) 30 – Hard fighting across the river — Battle of Seven Pines. Hard thunderstorm which lasted all day and night. One man was struck by lightning in the 18th Mass.

Saturday, (May) 31 – Battle of Fair Oaks. Hard fighting. Our boys drive them and retake their camps.

Sunday, June 1,1862 – We start to help our boys but can not cross the river, so we return to camp at night.

Monday, (June) 2 – Went on picket at New Bridge. I was on the advanced post across the bridge where I could see lots of Rebels in the woods.

Tuesday, (June) 3 – Went in bathing in the Chickahominy. Came in to camp and was ordered to get ready to march. Considerable thundering in the evening but no rain.

Wednesday, (June) 4 – Rained all day by spells. Nothing of importance going on except a little artillery skirmishing now and then.

Thursday, (June) 5 – On guard at Gaines. Went cl[aim]ing Rebel property. Stole his geese and let one horse go to a cavalrymen. A pretty sharp artillery fight in plain sight. Our boys silence their battery and make them skedaddle. Received our pay 26.00

Friday, (June) 6 – Came in from Provost guard at noon. Nothing of importance occurring.

Saturday, (June) 7 – Had company drill in forenoon. I [wrote] two letters home, one with ten dollars in[side]. Had inspection at 4PM. Some artillery firing this afternoon.

Sunday, (June) 8 – Was on picket reserve. The enemy fired some at us. We spent the day laying about and digging up their shells.

Monday, (June) 9 – Came in at noon. In the afternoon had a Grand Review before General Prim — the Spanish General — and staff.

Tuesday, (June) 10 – On guard at the Colonel’s. Rained all day.

Wednesday, (June) 11 – Pleasant.

Thursday, (June) 12 –- Very warm. Was detailed to work on corduroy road near camp. Some heavy firing towards Richmond.

Friday, (June) 13 — Washed in the forenoon and went on picket in afternoon. The lines are in sight of each other and they agree not to shoot except at officers.

Saturday, (June) 14 – On picket. Very warm.

Sunday, (June) 15 – Went in swimming in Chickahominy. Saw lots of Rebs. Came in off picket at noon.

Monday, (June) 16 – Moved our tents and cleaned up.

Tuesday, (June) 17 – Our regt. was detailed for fatigue on corduroy road across Chickahominy Flats.

Wednesday, (June) 18 – My birthday 24. Had battalion drill in forenoon and dress parade at 4 PM. Heavy firing in the direction of Drewry’s Bluff and Richmond.

Thursday, (June) 19 – Very warm. Had battalion drill at 4 PM.

Friday, (June) 20 – The Rebs shelled our camp today. Cannonading quite brisk and lively. Had brigade drill under McQuade.

Saturday, (June) 21 – Very warm and roads awful dusty. Butterfield’s brigade moved today. We fixed up tents. A little firing to night. Had brigade drill this afternoon.

Sunday, (June) 22 – Went on picket today. Secesh pickets about 80 rods (440 yards ) off. Went fishing in the Chickahominy.

Monday, (June) 23 – Some cannonading at us today.

Tuesday, (June) 24 – The pickets were attacked this morning pretty sharp. Fighting result unknown. Rained this afternoon. Had inspection at 4 PM.

Wednesday, (June) 25 – Had comp. drill at 8 AM, battalion drill at 4PM. Pretty sharp cannonading all day. I signed the allotment will. We fell out with three days rations in haversacks to march but did not go.

Thursday, (June) 26 – On guard. We marched to Mechanicsville and had a hard fight. Lay on our arms on the field all night.

Friday, (June) 27 – We fell back to Gaine’s Mill in morning, where we had a terrible fight. Was forced to retreat. I was taken prisoner. Have had nothing to eat today.

Saturday, (June) 28 – Was taken to Richmond. Night, have had nothing to eat yet. Southern Society is not agreeable to me at present.

Sunday, (June) 29 – Nothing to eat until three o’clock. Quartered in an old tobacco house. The report is McClellan is routed [but] is not believed.

Monday, (June) 30 – Rained some last night. More prisoners coming in. Boys in good spirits and full confident in the ability of McClellan. Sing National songs.

Tuesday, July 1,1862 – More prisoners arriving. The report is 85,000 Rebs killed Sunday. I wrote a letter home.

Wednesday, (July) 2 – Rained all day. We got but one meal today. Considerable stir in the streets, moving things out of the city. Dreadful hubbub all night. Unusually cold for the time of year.

Thursday, (July) 3 – Still a prisoner. Feel despondent on account of the news received. Nothing of note occurred today.

Friday, (July) 4 – Cloudy and cool. Very quiet in the city for the Fourth. The result of the news in Europe of our defeat I fear will prove disastrous to us.

Saturday, (July) 5 – Very warm and cloudy. Considerable [number of] wounded coming in today. I got out into the streets today. Had to go to bed supperless. Oh dear!

Sunday, (July) 6 – No breakfast, but thanks to a kind Providence, we got our supper. Very quiet and still in the streets. I wish myself out of prison and in the ranks.

Monday, (July) 7 – Unusually busy in the streets. Nothing for breakfast but we finally got soup for supper. I was desperately hungry and faint.

Tuesday, (July) 8 – We received two meals today which is something remarkable. Quite cool to night though pleasant.

Wednesday, (July) 9 – Got out into the streets and bought one qt. of milk and $1.00 worth of bread so I had a grand breakfast. Have heard nothing from the army yet.

Thursday, (July) 10 – It looks like rain, and the wind blows and it is awful dusty and smoky. I would like to hear from home.

Friday, (July) 11 – Passes the same as the rest. Nothing to do. Nothing to read and ditto to eat. A number of prisoners leave, supposed to have been paroled.

Saturday, (July) 12 – Rather cool. The prisoners are leaving the city for Belle Isle in the James River. Our soup was so bad [that] we could not eat it. So [I] went hungry.

Sunday, (July) 13 – Quiet and still in the streets. I am in want of something to read. More prisoners moved last night, destination — the island.

Monday, (July) 14 – Spent my time making ring from the bones found in my soup and sleeping.

Tuesday, (July) 15 – Packed up and left the city. Camped on an island near the Tredegar Locomotive works. Dreadful warm and sultry. One man was shot by the sentinel.

Wednesday, (July) 16 – Had a thunderstorm last night which blew down our tent. Lay in five inches of water all night. The camp ground is awful bad, being low swampy and wet, consequently sick.

Thursday, (July) 17 – Warm and pleasant. Fixed up our tent today. One man starved to death and two were bayoneted by the devils in soldier’s garb.

Friday, (July) 18 – Looks like rain though it is cool. Bought one dollar’s worth of bread, consequently shall not starve for some time.

Saturday, (July) 19 – Cloudy and warm. Lots of bread for sale but money is scarce. One lot of prisoners started for home.


Bone carvings from Belle Isle attributed to Irving Miner

Sunday, (July) 20 – We were counted for rations. Spent the day in making rings, tooth picks, and the like.

Monday, (July) 21 – The anniversary of the battle of Bull Run celebrated in Richmond. Slept most all day. No news from home yet.

Tuesday, (July) 22 – Feel in a little better spirits today. Five hundred prisoners start for home. Cloudy and cool.

Wednesday, (July) 23 – Weather changeable, fair in forenoon then cloudy. Rain at night. Counting the men for exchange. No news from the army. Some anxiety felt.

Thursday, (July) 24 – Cloudy and cool, a little rain in the morning.

Friday, (July) 25 – Warm and sultry. Slept most all day. Some of our wounded left for home. Thirteen have died since we came to the island.

Saturday, (July) 26 – Spent the day making tooth picks, rings, and other ornaments.

Sunday, (July) 27 – Very quiet on the island. Six hundred more of our prisoners left for home. Hope to get away before long.

Monday, (July) 28 – They put on double lines of guards. I worked all day on a ring. The Rebs tested some pieces of heavy siege guns just cast. Four burst and one stood the test. Pleasant.

Tuesday, (July) 29 – Spent the day carving rings. Reinforcements coming in on the Petersburg and Richmond Road. One battery on the evening train.

Wednesday, (July) 30 – Very warm and sultry. A large squad of prisoners came in to night. If I was again in the ranks I would keep my liberty by using my legs.

Thursday, (July) 31 – Rained all day. I spent my time sleeping. Three hundred prisoners went off today.

Friday, August 1,1862 – Counted the men in camp. Considerable excitement. Some expect to go home. Very warm and sultry.

Saturday, (August) 2 – Six hundred more men started for home. Warm.

Sunday, (August) 3 – Very warm in forenoon. A shower from the east in the afternoon.

Monday, (August) 4 –Very warm and sultry. Great excitement in camp as our names were taken to exchange. Did not sleep at night.

Tuesday, (August) 5 – Marched to Aikens Landing, twenty miles, and lay in a wheatfield all night. I was [al]most dead with fatigue.

Wednesday, (August) 6 – Took the boat at ten for McClellan’s headquarters, 12 miles down the river. Landed about five.

Thursday, (August) 7 – Spent the day roaming around through the camps. Took a bath in the evening in the James River.

Friday, (August) 8 – Warm and pleasant. Wrote a letter home in the evening.

Saturday, (August) 9 – Quite cool. Lay in my tent all day.

Sunday, (August) 10 – Washed in forenoon. Packed up to move after dinner but did not go. A slow drizzling rain through the night.

Monday, (August) 11 – Arose very early and packed up to move. Day warm and sultry.

Tuesday, (August) 12 – Ditto

Wednesday, (August) 13 – Cloudy this morning and looks like rain.

Thursday, (August) 14 – Packed up and marched about 80 rods [440 yards] and lay in the road all night.

Friday, (August) 15 – Resumed our march this morning and marched all day and night making 20 miles. About 100 men left in the ranks.

Saturday, (August) 16 – Crossed the Chickahominy at the junction of ——–. Was on picket until sundown. Then started for Williamsburg. Arrived there at sunrise having traveled 12 miles during the night.

Sunday, (August) 17 – Ate a hasty breakfast and started for Yorktown 12 miles. Arrived there at noon.

Monday, (August) 18 – Again on the march for Fortress Monroe. Marched it by 3 o’clock, 25 miles. Camped and cooked our supper.

Tuesday, (August) 19 – Marched to Newport News 6 miles and shipped for Aqua Creek. Prospects for fair weather.

Wednesday, (August) 20 – Landed and marched 6 miles to Potomac Bridge and camped for the night. On picket.

Thursday, (August) 21 – Struck camp at daylight and marched to Fredericksburg, 8 miles, and camped. Started again at night and marched 1 mile and lay in the road all night.

Friday, (August) 22 – Resumed our march at day light. Arrived at Ellis Ford at sundown having marched 25 miles. Rained all night as we were without tents, we were wet to the skin. Heavy cannonading during on Pope’s front.

Saturday, (August) 23 – Struck camp but lay as we were. I was Corpl. of the picket to prevent the enemy crossing the ford.

Sunday (August) 24 – Was attacked last night by guerrillas. Went fishing in the Rapahannock.

Monday, (August) 25 – Went out foraging and killed a hog. Commenced cooking for the officers today.

Tuesday, (August) 26 – Packed up to move but did not go.

Wednesday, (August) 27 – Packed and marched to Warrenton, 20 miles, and camped for the night.

Thursday, (August) 28 – Was aroused at 1 AM. and cooked breakfast then resumed the march at three. Marched to Manassas Junction, 18 miles.

Friday, (August) 29 – Marched 5 miles then counter marched to Thoroughfare Gap. Got shelled by the enemy, lay on picket at night. 12 miles march today.

Saturday, (August) 30 – Marched to Centreville 12 miles.

Sunday, (August) 31 – Lay still in forenoon and moved camp in afternoon. Expecting a fight tomorrow.

Monday, September 1,1862 – Lay in camp in forenoon. Struck tents and lay in the road all night ready to march. Rained in the night.

Tuesday, (September) 2 – Left Centreville at daylight and marched to Chain Bridge 30 miles. We arrived there at 10 and camped for the night. Quite cold.

Wednesday, (September) 3 – Marched to Minor’s Hill making 200 miles since August 15th on foot.

Thursday, (September) 4 – Some cannonading up the river. Warm and pleasant.

Friday, (September) 5 – We were ordered to pack up and hold ourselves ready to march at a moments notice.

Saturday, (September) 6 – Quite warm and pleasant. Cleaned up the streets. Struck camp and marched to Upton’s Hill and bivouacked for a few days.

Sunday, (September) 7 – Lay all night without tents.

Monday, (September) 8 – No tents yet.

Tuesday, (September) 9 – Spent my time principally writing.

Wednesday, (September) 10 – Went out foraging and passed five dollars poor Ataih (?) money on an old Secesh for potatoes and milk. Had regt. inspection and dress parade.

Thursday, (September) 11 – Rainy and cloudy.

Friday, (September) 12 – Struck camp at three AM. Marched through Washington to Rockville, 20 miles. Very warm. Several men fell dead with sunstroke on the march.

Saturday, (September) 13 – Was aroused at 2 by the bugle. Resumed our march at daylight. Marched 18 miles and camped.

Sunday, (September) 14 – Resumed our march at daylight. We passed through Clarksbow, Hyattstown, Urbana, and Frederick City, making 21 miles.

Monday, (September) 15 – Was aroused at daylight by the shrill notes of the bugle, but was detained until noon drawing rations when we got under way and marched to Middletown 15 miles.

Tuesday, (September) 16 – Was aroused at three but did not march [un]til daylight. Heavy cannonading ahead. Fair prospects for a fight tomorrow as they are surrounded.

Wednesday, (September) 17 – Fighting from daylight until dark. Our men drive them. I had a fair view of the fight all day as we were posted on a high hill. Result not decided.

Thursday, (September) 18 – All quiet except skirmishers firing occasionally. We advanced one and a half miles. It rained pretty brisk at night.

Friday, (September) 19 – We advanced across the Potomac and drove the enemy across. Our regt. charged across and took the heights with two pieces of artillery and five prisoners.

Saturday, (September) 20 – We were aroused at 4 to go across the river. Captured four pieces of artillery. Had a fierce fight in forenoon, came in and camped after dark.

Sunday, (September) 21 – Lay still all day. No news or excitement.

Monday, (September) 22 – Another day of rest for the weary. We moved camp about ½ mile and pitched tents which is the first tent I have used since Aug. tenth.

Tuesday, (September) 23 – Another day of rest. Our regt. is on picket.

Wednesday, (September) 24 – On picket. We had a beautiful shower today, the crops are greatly in need of rain.

Thursday, (September) 25 – Quite to cool for comfort last night. went foraging for green corn. Had succotash for dinner.

Friday, (September) 26 – So cold last night I almost froze, but the day was pleasant and warm.

Sunday, (September) 28 – Uncomfortably warm. We are on picket today.

Monday, (September) 29 – Our brigade made a reconnaissance across the river where they captured two prisoners.

Wednesday, October 1,1862 – Some cannonading across the river today. Weather cloudy and sultry.

Thursday, (October) 2 – There is a report in camp that peace is about to be declared, though it is not generally believed. Some cannonading across the river, which some construe into a national salute of thirty five guns. Though I recon they were not counted.

Friday, (October) 3 – A grand review of [General] Fitz John Porter’s Corps by the President and General McClellan. There was a large reinforcement of recruits arrived today for our division, several of whom are old friends.

Saturday, (October) 4 – Weather changeable. Pleasant forenoon, cloudy and rainy in afternoon.

Tuesday, (October) 7 – Very warm.

Wednesday, (October) 8 – Changed camp and cleaned up. The weather is very warm for the time of year. The evenings for a week past have been pleasant, warm, and [the] moon shining. Reminding one of home and its comforts and pleasures.

Thursday, (October) 9 – Warm and sultry through the day but looks like rain this evening.

Friday, (October) 10 – Cloudy and cool all day but it rained all night.

Saturday, (October) 11 – Rainy this morning so I lay abed late. Cold raw winds all day making large camp fires comfortable and pleasant.

Sunday, (October) 12 – Had divine service today for the first time in three months. His text was the first verse of the twelfth of Hebrews.

Monday, (October) 13 – The regiment is on picket. Our company was the reserve. Weather very cold with a slight sprinkling of rain. Oh home sweet home, I long for thee: When will thy presence gladden me.

Tuesday, (October) 14 – Still on picket today where I saw plenty of Reb pickets. They brought down Pope’s horse and hat to the river and showed to us. We had quite a chat with them, but this did not last long before they commenced firing on each other.

Wednesday, (October) 15 – My country’s call I must obey And toil for her both night and day And help to crush the traitorous band Who’d rend in twain this happy land Although the soldiers fare is hard And oft of rest I am debarred Still I’ll work with might and main The country’s honor to sustain.

Thursday, (October) 16 – Our brigade made a reconnaissance into Virginia. Had one man killed and several wounded.

Friday, (October) 17 – Advanced 4 miles farther. I found a revolver as we were skirmishing. Returned to camp where we arrived at ten at night cold, wet, tired, and hungry.

Saturday, (October) 18 – Done nothing.

Sunday, (October 19 – Had divine service at ten. Attended prayer meeting in the evening at the 62nd (Penn.) Regt’s camp.

Monday, (October) 20 – Had battalion drill in forenoon and company drill at 2 PM. Drew some of our winter clothing today.

Tuesday, (October) 21 – Received orders to hold ourselves in readiness to march at a moments notice. We also received information that the Rebels are attempting the invasion of Pennsylvania by way of Chambersburg and Hancock, and also that Stonewall intends forcing his way across at Shepardstown. Bad luck to him.

Wednesday, (October) 22 – The weather is cold. The wind blew a perfect hurricane all day but quieted down at night. My tent got fire and burned up.

Thursday, (October) 23 – The wind came up at sunrise and blew again today. I was detailed for foot orderly for General Morell to carry messages for him.

Friday, (October) 24 – I was on guard at the commissaries post 3, 1st relief.

Saturday, (October) 25 – Drew my equipment today. The weather was pleasant and warm. There is considerable excitement in camp. Great numbers are leaving to join the regulars.

Sunday, (October) 26 – Commenced raining about 9 and rained without secession all day and night. I almost froze last night.

Monday, (October) 27 – Great excitement in camp We received orders to pack up and march but it was countermanded. I drew my new gun and cartridge box and am ready for fight. The weather is cold and awful windy.

Tuesday, (October) 28 – More pleasant and warm than for several days past. Had battalion drill in forenoon and afternoon then dress parade at 5 PM. A great many are leaving the regiment to join the regulars.

Wednesday, (October) 29 – Clear with a clear raw wind. Had company drill in afternoon and dress parade at sun down. Rumors of an advance or some movement.

Thursday, (October) 30 – Struck camp at three but did not march until after dark. We reached our camp fires within sight of Harper’s Ferry, at one o’clock. Rather cool for comfort lying on the ground. Marched 10 miles.

Friday, (October) 31 – Resumed our march at sunrise, passed through Harper’s Ferry into Virginia and pitched our camp about 5 o’clock, 10 miles. Went out foraging got two bee hives full of honey and some fresh pork and mutton. Mustered for pay.

Saturday. November 1, 1862 – I was on picket. Had a good time. Went out foraging but did not get much except some mutton.

Sunday, (November) 2 – Struck camp at daylight and marched to Snicker’s Gap 19 miles. The wind blew cold and uncomfortable. Plenty (of) meat to eat, but it was stolen from the citizens by our boys.

Monday, (November) 3 – Remained in camp today. The weather is cold and very windy. Some cannonading over the mountain which caused us to fall in, in light marching order, expecting to fight, but did not go.

Tuesday, (November) 4 – Had brigade inspection by General Griffin. More cannonading over the mountain.

Wednesday, (November) 5 – Our company was patrol guard today. We patrolled the country all through for stragglers. We caught 11 who were court-martialed. Heavy and rapid cannonading towards Thoroughfare Gap. The report is we leave tomorrow morning at 5.

Thursday, (November) 6 – Broke camp at daylight and marched 4 miles past Middletown and bivouacked for the night having marched 18 miles. The night was intensely cold and I could not sleep a wink, so sat up by the fire all night.

Friday, (November) 7 – Started before daylight and marched to Manassas or White Plains. It was so cold it snowed all day and night. Great suffering for want of clothing, but no complaining.

Saturday, (November) 8 – Was aroused at two by the shrill scream of the bugle which meant march Got under way just at the break of day. Marched to Warrenton 7 miles and camped for the remainder of the day and night. The weather continues cold and uncomfortable for laying out.

Sunday, (November) 9 – I was on guard post 5 before the Colonel’s. The report is that McClellan is removed from his command. Great indignation is shown on account.

Monday, (November) 10 – General Review before little Mac and Burnside. They cheer enthusiastically for their beloved commander.

Tuesday, (November) 11 – I fear for the safety of our cause as a general dissatisfaction is noticed in the ranks as well as among the officers. It looks gloomy in the military atmosphere.

Wednesday, (November) 12 – Parting review before General Fitz [John] Porter whom we loved and esteemed as a man and commander. The gloom thickens. Had turkey for dinner that I bought with Erie and Kalamazoo [bank notes].

Thursday, (November) 13 – Had company drill in forenoon and battalion drill and dress parade in afternoon.

Friday, (November) 14 – The weather remains very pleasant for the time of year.

Saturday, (November) 15 – We were reviewed by General Hooker. The troops looked splendid and felt in fine spirits. We drew some of our winter clothing which was sorely needed by most of the boys.

Sunday, (November) 16 – We had divine service at ten. The tenth [chapter of] Timothy 1 [verse] 12.

Monday, (November) 17 – Was aroused at three by the bugle and marched 11 miles and camped for the night. I was on guard.

Tuesday, (November) 18 – Resumed our march at daylight, marched 12 miles. It drizzled rain most all day making the roads slippery but not very muddy. Some cannonading on Sumner’s front.

Wednesday, (November) 19 – Struck camp and marched about 8 miles to Falmouth. Rained slow most all day.

Friday, (November) 21 – We received orders to march. Just night, but did not go.

Saturday, (November) 22 – Packed up ——–before daylight, but did not go.

Sunday, (November) 23 – Marched to Falmouth 10 miles and camped. The Rebs are reported in force at Fredericksburg.

Monday, (November) 24 – Awful cold last night. I never suffered so much with the cold in my life.

Tuesday, (November) 25 – Our men fired a few shots at the cars coming into Fredericksburg but they were not answered by the Rebels.

Wednesday, (November) 26 – It rained last night all night. Today is cold and cheerless.

Friday, (November) 28 – I have been most sick for the past two days, caused by miserable camp. We are packed in so tight as to make the air dark with the smoke from the camp fires.

Saturday, (November) 29 – Was on guard. We moved camp.

Sunday, (November) 30 – Had the Articles of War read to us after which we had a sermon. More to do Sunday than any other day of the week.

Monday, December 1, 1862 – Fixed up and cleaned camp, rather suspect winter quarters for us.

Tuesday, (December) 2 – Was detailed to fix up head quarters and ———– ——-.

Wednesday, (December) 3 – Considerable sick all day.

Thursday, (December) 4 – Went on picket. Warm and pleasant. We sat up most all night by the fire talking over old times and enjoying ourselves finely.

Friday, (December) 5 – Cloudy in the morning commenced raining about ten and finally turned into snow and continued until ten at night. Dreadful unpleasant and cold to be without shelter this time of year.

Saturday, (December) 6 – Should have been relieved this morning but were not until sundown consequently we have had nothing since breakfast. Thawed some today so that it is quite muddy and sloppy.

Sunday, (December) 7 – A dreadful cold last night The ground froze up solid enough to hold up a loaded wagon. I spent the day stamping around to keep warm and casting a longing thought for home.

Monday, (December) 8 – Washed and colored clothes.

Tuesday, (December) 9 – I cut and carried logs for winter quarters.

Wednesday (December) 10 – I am on guard. There is orders to be ready to march at 4 with 3 days rations in haversacks. Diverse rumors afloat about the war.

Thursday, (December) 11 – Today will be memorable in history — the bombardment of Fredericksburg. It was the most terrific I ever heard. We marched about two miles and stood in the mud all day.

Friday, (December) 12 – We were aroused at 4, cooked our breakfast, packed up, and finally fell in to cross the river, but the Rebs commenced shelling us so we stopped by the railroad near the river and lay all day. There was considerable cannonading all day on both sides. We fell back ½ mile at night and camped.

Saturday, (December) 13 – The cannonading commenced fierce in the morning and continued all day. About two [o’clock], the Infantry went in. Our regt. was in about 4. We lost nine, but seven was wounded. We lay on the field of battle all night.

Sunday, (December) 14 – At day break found us at it again. We kept it up all day, but were relieved after dark having been under fire twenty eight hours. It was awful terrific.

Monday, (December) 15 – We lay in the city all day ready and expecting to fall in any moment, but were not molested.

Tuesday, (December) 16 – We left the city this morning about 4 and recrossed the river about daylight. It began to rain and continued all the forenoon. Fredericksburg is pretty well peppered with shell and looks desolate. I was on guard all night.

Wednesday, (December) 17 – Commenced fixing up for winter. Rather cool nights.

Thursday, (December) 18 – Finished fixing up my tent and building my fireplace. Warm and pleasant for the time of year.

Friday, (December) 19 – On guard at the brigade generals. We had general inspection today. Looks like rain.

Saturday, (December) 20 – The wind changed to a cold north easter and now it is froze up solid as a rock.

Sunday, (December) 21 – Had divine service in the open air at two. It was rather cool for comfort.

Monday, (December) 22 – The weather moderated a considerable last night and it looks like rain.

Tuesday, (December) 23 – It is warm and the mud is knee deep. I have been most sick for the past two days.

Wednesday, (December) 24 – I was on guard at the Colonel’s.

Saturday, (December) 27 – Looks like rain. There is a rumor in camp that we are going into winter quarters near Washington.

Sunday, (December) 28 – We had regt. inspection at ten and divine service at 11. At the same time we were cleaning streets and camp so there were but few at meeting. But little attention is paid to the Sabbath by the officers now in command.

Tuesday, (December) 30 – Orders came to be ready to march after twelve in light marching order. Around two we got under way and marched until ten and lay down for the rest of the night. I was on guard so I got but little sleep.

Wednesday, (December) 31 – We were aroused at five and without eating our breakfast resumed our march. We advanced ten miles farther to a place called Morristown where we halted for half an hour and commenced our return. We got into camp about seven having marched thirty-three miles since daylight. We were completely played out, tired, hungry, and sore. The object of the expedition was to cut off the retreat of Stewart and capture his forces but we were 24 hours too late. And thus ends the year ’62. May we be more successful in the next.


Thursday, January 1, 1863 – The weather is warm for the time of year. Austin Beal and I got up a New Year’s dinner. Several of the company got quite mellow over the contents of three canteens of whiskey and thus the second New Year in the army.

Friday, (January) 2 – We were mustered for two months pay making in all now due us 6 months. We had a military funeral today. A brother of Nathaniel Smith of our company. Such scenes are of rare occurrence in our regt.

Sunday, (January) 4 – Washed and colored clothes. The air feels like rain, the smoke falls to the ground and the weather is warm and sultry giving every indication of rain. The officers are trying to run over us by making us drill all of the time.

Monday, (January) 5 Had squad and company drill in the forenoon. Battalion drill in the afternoon and dress parade at 4. Cheering news from the West and Southwest Our army is victorious. Jehial P. Lossing is discharged.

Tuesday, (January) 6 – Was on guard at the Brigade Commissary.

Wednesday, (January) 7 – The whole company was tight but me. The weather was some colder than usual today.

Thursday, (January) 8 – Our Corps was reviewed by General Burnside, Hooker, and Mead. We went without overcoats and almost froze as it was very cold standing still. We got into camp about five o’clock.

Friday, (January) 9 – Did nothing but drill and eat.

Saturday, (January) 10 – It rained all day for the first time in three weeks making it considerable muddy.

Sunday, (January) 11 – The sun rose clear this morning reminding one of the pleasant mornings of May after a shower. We had preaching today. I do not wonder that the regt. is to be demoralized as the [preacher] says it is. We had orders to be inspected with our knapsacks, haversacks, and canteens on, but we did not have to come out.

Monday, (January) 12 – Drilled most all day.

Tuesday, (January) 13 – Had general inspection at ten, of guns, accouterments, knapsacks, haversacks, canteens, and quarters. I think it indicates some movement or change, perhaps another fight ahead. If so, I am ready.

Wednesday, (January) 14 – Had company drill in the forenoon, Battalion drill in afternoon and dress parade at four. I am most sick so I will not go out. Timothy Reagon discharged.

Thursday, (January) 15 – Looks more and more like rain as night advances.

Friday, (January) 16 – Rained all night last night, very hard some of the time. Our tent leaked bad. We had orders to march at four in the morning destination unknown, considerable rumor afloat as to it.

Saturday, (January) 17 – Daylight found us still in camp, but the orders are to march tomorrow at noon destination still unknown. Weather moderated a little.

Sunday, (January) 18 – Received orders to postpone marching again twenty four hours. Still cold.

Monday, (January) 19 – Orders as usual to march tomorrow. Weather moderated a little.

Tuesday, (January) 20 – Struck camp at noon but did not march until 4. Went two miles and bivouacked for the night.

Wednesday, (January) 21 – Packed up and resumed our march at nine. We advanced about three miles, but were all day doing it as the mire was about impassable. I saw lots of artillery stuck in the mud and also the ammunition and subsistence trains. It rained all day.

Thursday, (January) 22 – We lay in the woods all day. I was detailed as Corp’l of the fatigue party who were sent out to build corduroy. We lay out all night, about twenty of us, two miles from the from the rest, and built large bivouac fires, and had a gay time in the evening.

Friday, (January) 23 – Remained out until night when we came in where the rest were. The movement is an entire failure as we are falling back to our old camp. Burnside, I predict, is played out. The roads are horrible. I saw forty horses stuck in the mud with one caisson. Winter campaigning will not work in Virginia.

Saturday, (January) 24 – We commenced our retrograde movement and came into camp in two hours which took two days going out. The mud was considerably dried up. We found the camp all torn to pieces. Received four months pay.

Sunday, (January) 25 – Worked all day fixing up my tent. Sent thirty-five dollars home.

Monday, (January) 26 – Did nothing as I was quite sick all day.

Tuesday, (January) 27 – Rained slow all day. Felt a little better.

Wednesday, (January) 28 – Commenced raining last night, this morning it turned to snow and continued so all day. There are two inches now on the ground. It is quite cold and chilly out.

Thursday, (January) 29 – Quite warm and pleasant. Thawed all up, mud awful deep. Our Captain Charles Marvin has resigned, went home this morning.

Friday, (January) 30 – Did nothing but read all day, but whether I was benefited by it or not. That is a question involving some doubt in my mind as the books were novels which is the only reading matter we can get here.

Saturday, (January) 31 – Worked all day cutting, drawing, and splitting wood, for my wood pile was getting dreadful low.

Sunday, February 1, 1863 – Had regt’l inspection at ten and divine service at two. The weather looks like rain, and the wind blowing in fitful gusts.

Monday (February) 2 – Did my washing and drying clothes. The weather cool, but pleasant. Had company drill at ten and dress parade at sun down.

Tuesday, (February) 3 – It commenced growing cold this morning and now sun down, it is extremely cold.

Wednesday, (February) 4 – Keeps growing colder. The sun rose clear this morning and has remained clear, but piercing cold all day. Thermometer (is at) 10 degrees below zero.

Thursday, (February) 5 – We had orders to have general inspection, but was prevented, after inspecting one company, twenty four hours, on account of the storm.

Friday, (February) 6 – About noon it ceased raining, and cleared up, and was pleasant the rest of the day.

Saturday, (February) 7 – Warm and pleasant. The mud is again knee deep. I was down to the station this morning watching for father, but did not see him.

Sunday , (February) 8 – Had Sunday morning inspection at ten and orders to go to church directly after but there was no sermon on account of the mud. In the evening we received orders to be ready at 8 next morning to go on fatigue.

Monday , (February) 9 – Started at 8 and went to U. S. Ford. Lay in the woods all night.

Tuesday, (February) 10 – Pleasant and warm. We were on fatigue.

Wednesday, (February) 11 – It commenced raining about ten and made it a rainy day.

Thursday, (February) 12 – Snowed some today and rained considerable more. I was detailed Sergt. of the fatigue party which was building corduroy road.

Friday, (February) 13 – Did nothing but lay in my tent. The weather was pleasant and warm.

Saturday, (February) 14 – Rained some in the fore part of the night. I received news that father was in camp, and a pass and permission to go in on the morrow.

Sunday, (February) 15 – Rained all in the forenoon but did not prevent me from going in. We marched from the Ford in three hours, a distance of 10 miles, muddy as it was. It will be a day long to be remembered by me. It seemed as though I was at home once more.

Monday, (February) 16 – Father has gone out scouting, been gone all day. I suppose he has some project on foot for moving the army. He has just returned having scouted the whole country from Falmouth to opposite Fredericksburg without finding anything but their pickets.

Tuesday, (February) 17 – Commenced raining in the night but it soon turned to snow and has continued so all day. Father left for home at 8. I went to the cars to bid him good bye. It seemed hard but I concealed my feelings and emotions.

Wednesday, (February) 18 – It has rained all day without ceasing, the consequence is there is an abundant supply of slush and mud making it anything but pleasant and agreeable moving about.

Thursday, (February) 19 – Rained nearly all day. Times so dull that the boys of the several companies had a sham battle. Our company acted as Rebels. The fighting lasted two hours, and in the time we were routed and taken prisoners, but the timely arrival of reinforcements recaptured us and finally gained the day.

Friday, (February) 20 – Did my washing and wrote a letter today. Had a grand festival at Boies and Fountain’s. Weather warm and pleasant. Quite a change since yesterday.

Saturday, (February) 21 – Pleasant in the forenoon but clouded up about noon and finally commenced snowing about 10 at night. Was on guard, corp’l of the first and fourth relief. Times dull, wood scarce, fare hard, and all for the idol nigger!

Sunday, (February) 22 – It continued to snow all day. About noon the cannon commenced to boom in honor to the day which gave birth to the father of country. It seemed propitious of hope and that peace will soon bless our land once more. May God hasten the day.

Monday, (February) 23 – The sun rose clear and gave a pleasant day. The snow which [was] 10 inches deep thawed some. The air grows cold as evening advances.

Tuesday, (February) 24 – Quite warm and pleasant, the snow thawed some. I wrote three letters.

Wednesday, (February) 25 – Lousy all day. About 8, it commenced raining and continued all night.

Thursday, (February) 26 – It has rained all the forenoon, but this afternoon has been only foggy and lousy.

Friday, (February) 27 – Warm and pleasant though some cloudy. We fixed up and decorated our streets with evergreens which have a beautiful effect on the looks of the camp. Grace and beauty lends a charm.

Saturday, (February) 28 – Two more months of U. S. service mustered off today and also two more months pay due us. There was a detail of 140 men from our regt. for a fatigue. One of the 125th NY was killed by the falling of a tree near where we were at work.

Sunday, March 1, 1863 – It was clear but cool. Joseph T. Stutson died last night, and was buried with all the honors of war. He was a good soldier and beloved by the whole company. Peace to his ashes.

Monday, (March) 2 – We were aroused at 4 by the shrill notes of the bugle sounding reveille and soon received orders to go on picket at 8. The weather is warm and pleasant like May in Michigan. I was corp’l of the 1st relief.

Tuesday, (March) 3 – Had to stand two tricks at night. Spent the day in making discoveries and had the good fortune with Boies to discover a cave to which we gave the name of the Mysterious Cavern. It was a dangerous adventure and full of peril.

Wednesday, (March) 4 – I again visited the cave in company with Boies and made several discoveries but I think it was not inhabited. Boies took a sketch of the cave and the surrounding country.

Thursday, (March) 5 – Was relieved about noon and came into camp. The weather quite warm and pleasant. Traveling good.

Friday, (March) 6 – Commenced raining in the night slowly but stopped soon after daylight and was a pleasant day.

Saturday, (March) 7 – Spent the day in doing nothing to little purpose or little to no purpose. It was lousy and rained slow all day making it disagreeable to be out. Had dress parade at five when several orders were read relative to the court-martial and disgraceful discharges of officers.

Sunday, (March) 8 – Inspection of arms at ten. Shortly after Col. Lumbard closely inspected our quarters looking into every tent. We had dress parade at five when we had lots of long orders read to us. The chaplain came around with sermon or lecture on intemperance for every tent.

Monday, (March) 9 – I was on guard Corpl of the 2nd relief. The weather was fine and the night warm and pleasant. The regt. had inspection and dress parade.

Tuesday, (March) 10 – Began to cloud up at daylight, and rained a little all day. Snowed a very little. Col. Jeffords returned to the regt. and was enthusiastically cheered by the boys.

Wednesday, (March) 11 – We had a general inspection by the Col of the 62nd Penn. Vols. of arms equipment ammunition and quarters. Towards night it commenced raining but soon grew cold and some snow flew. Had an oyster supper at Boies and Fountain’s to which we invited Lieut. Baldwin and Westfall. Had a good time.

Thursday, (March) 12 – Cleared off in the night and the sun rose clear giving promise of a beautiful day, but about noon it clouded up and drizzled rain all the afternoon and the greater part of the night. Had a grand game of ball between the 14th [New York] and our regt. but it was so cold the game was not finished. Our boys ahead at stopping.

Friday, (March) 13 – Clear last night but this morning it clouded up and was squally all day. Snowed a little. It was about as cold a day as this winter. Had inspection and dress parade at 5 PM. Tatoo at 8 and taps at 8:30 PM.

Saturday, (March) 14 – Clear but cold. Policed our street 4 times for inspection tomorrow. It is rumored the Rebel army attacked our picket lines last night. Dress parade at 5PM at which an order was read prohibiting the exploding of powder in any way.

Sunday, (March) 15 – Had Sunday morning inspection at ten AM. by Major Michael of the 14th N. Y. Inf. Cold and cloudy and about 4 PM it began to rain and hail. Thundered three times quite hard. It was the first of the season. Had divine service at 2 PM.

Monday, (March) 16 – Curious phenomena last night. It thundered several times while snowing. Inspection and dress parade.

Tuesday, (March) 17 – Had great times in the Irish unit, such as a comic dress parade, horse racing, climbing a greased pole with a ______ at the top, catching a shaved and greased hog and holding him, and running a foot race in sacks. It being St. Patrick’s day. warm and pleasant again. Quartermaster Morney of the 8th and Doe of the 62 [Pa.] were killed running horses.

Wednesday, (March) 18 – Heavy cannonading up the river all yesterday afternoon cause unknown. We raised our flagstaff in the afternoon, then had a game of ball, and a dance in the evening in company I’s street. Three or four cannon shots were heard up the river but nothing of any consequence. Inspection and dress parade at 5.

Thursday, (March) 19 – I washed and dried my clothes. Had company drill at ten AM. and batallion drill at 2 PM. The several companies had a game of ball to pass away time. The battery had target practice. The booming cannon sounded old fashioned. Cold raw winds. Took a lesson in the sword exercise.

Friday, (March) 20 – The weather for some time has been fixing for a storm so this morning it began to snow and has continued so most of the day. It is some sloppy under foot but will freeze during the night. I spent the day in my tent and writing letters. Evening clear and cold.

Saturday, (March) 21 – Very cold night for the time of year, but about morning it began to moderate, the wind getting in the east, and at 8 commenced raining and keeping it up all day in a drizzling manner. Wrote a long letter and received one from home.

Sunday, (March) 22 – The bugle sounded reveille at daylight. Had company inspection at ten. Several of the boys had to come out again on account of dirty guns. Had dress parade at 5 PM. The day was beautiful and warm.

Monday, (March) 23 – I was detailed to chop a load of wood for the company but could not get any team to draw it, so I did not chop it. Had company drill at 10 AM. and battalion drill at 2 PM. Looks like rain as night advances.

Tuesday, (March) 24 – I was detailed and went and chopped a load of wood. Had company drill at 10 then brigade drill under McQuade, then inspection and dress parade at 6. Pretty fair prospect for rain as it is going in now right smart.

Wednesday, (March) 25 – We got orders to fill our canteens and be ready to fall in at a moments notice as the enemy were appearing in force near our pickets. It commenced raining past night.

Thursday, (March) 26 – Had a grand review of our division by General Meade. The troops appeared fine and looked as though could do good service. It spirited rain several times during the day. Inspection and dress parade.

Friday, (March) 27 – Had company drill at ten AM. and again at 2 PM. To pass away time played ball, and took two lessons in fencing. Warm and pleasant. Gov. Curtis receiving the Pa. troops in our division. Inspection and dress parade.

Saturday, (March) 28 – It has rained incessantly all day, having commenced some time in the night. Sat in my tent all day and wrote one letter and covered a ball. Doe was up and took in a _______. Had dress parade.

Sunday, (March) 29 – Went on picket at 8. Just as we got to the lines the videttes or cavalry outpost was driven in and two were captured. The day and night was cold and windy. Saw several good looking girls — a curiosity in Virginia.

Monday, (March) 30 – Did nothing all day but cook and eat.

Tuesday, (March) 31 – Snowed during the night and some in the morning and turned to rain just after daylight which continued until 3 in the afternoon. Night cold and dreary.

Wednesday, April 1, 1863 – Came off picket was relieved about 10. Day clear but cold and windy. The report is that Charleston is captured and burned to the ground, though it is not credited. Received orders for inspection and dress parade but did not have any.

Thursday, (April) 2 – Was on guard, corp’l of the 2nd relief. Clear, but windy all day. As the day advanced it grew warmer and cloudy. Sprinkled a little just [at] dusk. Some of the 2nd Corps were moving today to some unknown point.

Friday, April) 3 – Did nothing all day as I was off duty. We received 20 extra rounds of cartridges so I judge there is something up. Had company drill at 10 AM. and battalion drill at 2 PM. and dress parade at 5. Weather warm and pleasant.

Saturday, (April) 4 – In the morning did my washing. Had company inspection at 5 PM. Went to a dance in the house close to our quarters. The day was cold and windy towards night it grew cloudier and looks like snow.

Sunday, (April) 5 – Snowed some 3 inches deep during the night. Has continued cloudy and windy all day. Towards night it began to rain slowly.

Monday, (April) 6 – Took two lessons in fencing.

Tuesday, (April) 7 – Our brigade had a review before the President and General Hooker. Cold and windy Looks like more snow.

Wednesday, (April) 8 – President Lincoln reviewed the Army of the Potomac in company with Gen’l Hooker. It was a grand affair. The day was tolerable cool, but was warm enough when marching. It looks like a storm.

Thursday, (April) 9 – Had general inspection of arms, ammunition and accouterments at 10. and brigade drill all the afternoon. Roll call at 5 and a dance in the evening. Weather pleasant and warm.

Friday, (April) 10 – A corporal belonging to the 5th N. Y. _____ gave birth to a child while on picket. The said corporal proved to be a female who has been through all the battles. I was considerable sick during the night. Warm and pleasant.

Saturday, (April) 11 – I shot at a mark and took lessons in the art of fencing. Had dress parade at 5 PM. Have been most sick with a bad cold. Several of the boys tried to climb the flag staff today but none succeeded.

Sunday, (April) 12 – Our Corps was reviewed by Major Gen’l Pardee lately from Switzerland. Col. Jeffords was released today and took command at the review. There was quite a fight on the picket line yesterday, facts I did not learn.

Monday, (April) 13 – Signed the payroll so the prospect is fair for pay. Weather warm and pleasant. Roads in excellent condition for moving.

Tuesday, (April) 14 – Received our pay $52. About noon we got orders to be ready to march with 8 days rations and throw away all clothing over one change.

Wednesday, (April) 15 – It has rained all day without intermission. Sent $40 home.

Thursday, (April) 16 – It has been warm and pleasant and I wonder we did not move.

Friday, (April) 17 – It has looked like rain all day, but has only sprinkled a little once or twice. Had my picture taken today.

Saturday, (April) 18 – Had general inspection at 10 and dress parade at 5. The weather is rather warm for comfort.

Sunday, (April) 19 – Took a Sabbath morning ramble to Potomac Bridge and rode back on the cars. Had company inspection at 9 AM. Peach trees are in bloom. Dress parade at 5 PM.

Monday, (April) 20 – It has rained most all day. Received a letter containing four photographs from J. B. Chamberlin.

Tuesday, (April) 21 – Was detailed for three days guard duty at Stoneman switch. Cold and rains a little.

Wednesday, (April) 22 – Was on guard again today. I had the good fortune to find one dollar as I was taking up the relief. The weather has been pleasanter today but past night it began to look like rain.

Thursday, (April) 23 – I am still on guard at the railroad. It has rained all day. The consequence is the mud is as deep as desirable. We received good news from the army in the southwest. Got a letter and the Herald from home.

Friday, (April) 24 – Was relieved this morning at 9 by the 32nd Mass. It has rained most all day and in the night we had a thunderstorm. The report is that Hooker is relieved and Fremont takes the command.

Saturday, (April) 25 – Did my washing and drying this forenoon. The weather has been quite pleasant all day though cool. I took a lesson in sketching. Subject Potomac Bridge and the surrounding scenery.

Sunday, (April) 26 – Our brigade was on picket. I was taken lame in the foot so as to be almost unable to walk. Was on post twice.

Monday, (April) 27 – Today began the grand advance of the army. The 11th Corps taking the lead followed by the 12th then the 5th. We advanced 10 miles to Hardwood Church.

Tuesday, (April) 28 – Did not resume the march until 10. Advanced to Kelley’s Ford the distance of 10 miles. It began to rain about 8 AM. and has continued slowly all day.

Wednesday, (April) 29– Resumed our march at 7 Crossed the Rappahanna at Kelley’s Ford about 5 miles further. We had to ford quite a stream then pushed on vigorously, and made the Rapid Ann which we forded just sun down. Camped in our wet clothes at night.

Thursday, (April) 30 – We advanced several miles and kept catching prisoners until the different parts of the army had about 1000 without fighting. The 11th and 12th Corps took up their positions near Pottsville Corners. Ours (was) near Bank’s Ford. The prospect is a big fight tomorrow.

Friday, May 1,1863 – The ball was opened by Sykes about 11. His division was the only one engaged. Our regt. was kept out skirmishing all day and night. The Rebs rather crowded our men.

Saturday, (May) 2 – No fighting except skirmishing until 3 when they tried to turn our right flank and get possession of the ford. But they did not succeed. The fighting continued till 11 at night. The 11th Corps run disgracefully at the first approach of the enemy.

Sunday, (May) 3 – The Rebels opened the battle at daylight and kept up without intermission until noon. We refused them with great loss at every charge. We had two men killed in our regt. by Reb sharpshooters. The impression prevails that they are skinned out.

Monday, (May) 4 – Not much fighting except by the pickets until about 4 when our regt. was deployed as skirmishers and advanced into the woods. We drove the pickets about ½ mile when we came upon the entrenchments and received a murderous volley. There were three wounded and Austin missing.

Tuesday, (May) 5 – We began to recross the river about 3 in the morning but did not get across until 10. We got into camp past night. Got a whole night’s rest — the first in five days.

Wednesday, (May) 6 – Spent the day in cleaning up traps. We received orders to march at a moments notice.

Friday, (May) 8 – Drew 8 days rations so we must be preparing for another fight. The weather is very cold with considerable rain. They are taking out the year and 8 months men.

Saturday, (May) 9 – Was on guard Corp’l of the 2nd relief. The weather is splendid and warm, trees begin to leaf out. We got glorious news from the west and southwest.

Sunday, (May) 10 – The day has been very warm, but spring like. Had divine service at 11. Text [was] 2nd Timothy, 2nd chpt., 3rd verse. What a contrast between today and last sabbath when all fierce strife and slaughter.

Monday, (May) 11 – The day has been very warm. Did my washing. Had dress parade at 5. After which we presented our Col. with a splendid horse all equipped. Went bathing after sundown.

Tuesday, (May) 12 – Very hot and sultry. [Gen.] Van Dorn reported shot by his own men. Had inspection and dress parade at 5 PM.

Wednesday, (May) 13 – The weather continues hot and sultry. Towards night had a sprinkle of rain which cooled the atmosphere. Had inspection and dress parade at 5.

Thursday, (May) 14 – Today is cool and comfortable Prospect of a storm. Had orders to have a general inspection at half past nine, but it was postponed till tomorrow.

Friday, (May) 15 – Quite hot again today though there is some wind. Had general inspection at 8:30 o’clock by A.A.A.G. Lampson of Swietzer’s staff. Had company drill at 2 and inspection and dress parade at 5.

Saturday, (May) 16 – Spent the forenoon in cleaning up and ornamenting with evergreens our camp. In the afternoon went a fishing with a net. Had good luck and catched a good mess for supper. In the evening listened to music on violin and brass horn.

Sunday, (May) 17 – Had usual Sunday morning inspection at 10. The weather today has been changeable in the forenoon. It was hot and sultry in the afternoon cloudy with sudden gusts of wind and a sprinkle of rain. Inspection and dress parade at 5.

Monday, (May) 18 – The weather was the same as yesterday. Had company drill in the forenoon and inspection and dress parade at 5. We got some poles put up to perform athletic feats on. Ball call at half past 8.

Tuesday, (May) 19 – Our Corps was reviewed by Gen’l Meade today. The day was hot and very dusty marching. I feel some sore to night caused by my exercise on the pole. Inspection and dress parade as usual.

Wednesday, (May) 20 – Came on picket at 8. Our company was put on post 4 hours.

Thursday, (May) 21 – Was relieved from standing post and fell back as reserve. The day was hot and sultry with but little wind.

Friday, (May) 22 – Still on picket. The weather is very warm.

Saturday, (May) 23 – Was relieved about 10 by the regulars. We took 4 prisoners while out. We received glorious news from the southwest.

Sunday, (May) 24 – Had usual Sunday morning inspection at 10,dress parade at 5. The day has been uncomfortably warm but looks like rain to night.

Monday, (May) 25 – Tore up to clean and raise tents. worked until 3 when we received orders to suspend work for we were going to move camp. Slept on the color line.

Tuesday, (May) 26 – The last order was countermanded so we resumed our work again this morning. Have got a splendid tent with four in it. Glorious news from the southwest.

Wednesday, (May) 27 – Did my washing in forenoon. Was reviewed in afternoon by Governor Blair after which he gave us a speech on the color line which was enthusiastically received.

Thursday, (May) 28 – Received our pay about noon $26. pulled up camp about 4 and marched to Hartwood church 10 miles. Received allotment $15, no.79.

Friday, (May) 29 – Resumed the march at 8 went to Kelly’s Ford, 16 miles, and camped for the night. I was on guard Corp’l of the first relief.

Saturday, (May) 30 – Lay in camp all day. There were several details for fatigue made. I was sick most all day.

Sunday, (May) 31 – Was on picket on Back Creek 7 of us about ½ mile from camp. I was up until 2. The night was warm and pleasant being a bright moon shining one. We were picketing for bush-wackers or guerrillas.

Monday, June 1,1863 – Was relieved about 10 by the 62nd Penn. Vols. The day is hot and sultry. Had a gay time watching guerrillas. Saw but three, but [did] not capture either as they were 40 rods off and it was in the night.

Tuesday, (June) 2 – Fixed my tent for comfort while we stay here. Had inspection at 5. Went fishing in the evening. Had rather poor luck.

Wednesday, (June) 3 – Occupation and _______,  the same as yesterday. No news from the southwest.

Thursday, (June) 4 – Was on picket at Mount Holly Church. I escorted citizens into headquarters.

Friday, (June) 5 – Had infinite pleasure of escorting in 6 ladies to trade with our company. I nearly lost my heart with one young lady about 18, good looking, accomplished, agreeable, and rich though rather inclined to be rebellious. Weather cloudy and comfortably cool.

Saturday, (June) 6 – Did my washing and ironing then went in swimming in Rappahannock. The report is that we have captured Fredericksburg again. Our cavalry are reported at Culpepper and Gordonsville. We have heard cannonading both up and down the river.

Sunday, (June) 7 – I was on guard. The weather is cool and the nights are rather uncomfortable. Expect to move at a moments notice. The sick left in the night.

Monday, (June) 8 – A reconnaissance tomorrow. 2400 picked men and three batteries arrived past night to go across the river and form a junction with [Gen.] Stoneman who is at Culpepper. The pickets were doubled and the greatest vigilance used to avoid surprise.

Tuesday, (June) 9 – The fight began early in this morning and has raged all day without intermission with varying success. There has been many conflicting reports as to the result.

Wednesday, (June) 10 – Received orders to be ready to march at a moments notice in light marching order with 3 days cooked rations, but did not move as expected. All quiet on the Rappahannock. Had inspection at 6 PM.

Thursday, (June) 11 – Some more cannonading beyond Culpepper again this forenoon, but what forces was engaged I have not learned. Received two letters and three papers from home.

Friday, (June) 12 – All quiet today on the Rappahannock. Our cavalry is on the railroad between Rappahannock Station and Fairfax Station. Went bathing at night in river. There were two Rebel officers down looking at us.

Saturday, (June) 13 – It was very warm until past night when we had a hard thundershower. Received orders to pack up immediately and be ready to march. I fear all is not right. We struck camp and marched after dark 6 miles to Morrisville.

Sunday, (June) 14 – We started about noon and marched to Gatlett Station 15 miles. We arrived there past sundown. I was on guard at night.

Monday, (June) 15 – Was aroused at 3 by the bugle. At daylight we started and marched to Manassas Junction, 12 (miles). Lay in line of battle the rest of the day and night. Received rumors of the surrender of Vicksburg. Not credited.

Tuesday, (June) 16 – We lay at the junction all day. At night was on picket near Thoroughfare Gap. We get no news from any part of the Union.

Wednesday, (June) 17 – Started at sunrise and marched 15 miles to Gims Run. There was considerable fighting up the river.

Thursday, (June) 18 – Lay in our bivouac all day; It was dreadfully hot and sultry. Some 5 degrees warmer than yesterday. Our cavalry took Snicker’s Gap with 250 prisoners of Mosby’s command. We had a hard thunderstorm in afternoon It rained all night.

Friday, (June) 19 – Struck camp and started about 4. Marched to Aldie, 10 miles. There was considerable fighting between our cavalry and Longstreet’s mounted infantry. We had a hard storm past dark.

Saturday, (June) 20 – Lay in bivouac all day. Rained again at night.

Sunday, (June) 21 – Was aroused at 3 by the bugles, and was soon under weigh in light marching order. We had right smart fight with the Rebel cavalry. Drove them some 10 miles near to Ashby’s Gap. The results I have not yet learned.

Monday, (June) 22 – We began to fall back until we came within two miles of Aldie when we made a stand for the night. There was skirmishing all the way in with the cavalry. Rather discouraging news from front of Washington.

Tuesday, (June) 23 – Cleaned up camp and formed streets between the companies. There was a pretty sharp firing out to the front. Sometimes as skirmishing again by volleys, there was nothing but cavalry out. We went on picket for twenty four hours. The days are warm and the nights cold.

Wednesday, (June) 24 – Was on picket until night, we were stationed near the residence of James Monroe now the property of Major Fairfax of the rebel army. He being Inspector Gen’l of Lee’s army.

Thursday, (June) 25 – Spent the day in cleaning up camp and doing my washing. Rather gloomy news from the north. The report is that Ewell is near Harrisburg with 20000 men. Rained all night.

Friday, (June) 26 – Struck camp at daylight and marched through Leesburg crossed the Potomac at Edwards ferry and camped for the night having marched 15 miles. It rained all day. It was the most beautiful country I have ever seen in Virginia.

Saturday, (June) 27 – Struck camp at daylight and marched to within three miles of Frederick City. We had to ford the Monacacy. It was a novel sight. The stream was about 40 rods wide and quite rapid.

Sunday, (June) 28 – Lay in camp until night then went on picket on railroad. Received our mail past night.

Monday, (June) 29 –Struck camp at daylight and marched two miles beyond Liberty — a distance of 20 miles. Camped past sundown. It rained in the night. Everything was wet thoroughly.

Tuesday, (June) 30 – Struck camp at 3 and packed up with everything we [had] and without any breakfast, marched to the state line — it taking all day. It rained all day by spells making our loads very heavy and uncomfortable. The citizens are for the most part loyal.

Wednesday, July 1,1863 – Marched to Hanover then to within five miles of Gettysburg, making 25 miles. Camped about 11 o’clock, tired sore and nearly played out. Some fighting at Gettysburg.

Thursday, (July) 2 – Was aroused at daylight and continued on towards the fight. Some skirmishing all day. Spent the forenoon in getting into position. Expect a hard fight tomorrow. Went into the fight about 3. Was taken prisoner just [past] sundown.

Friday, (July) 3 – We moved about 40 rods [220 yards] and went into camp where we stayed all day and night. There are a thousand reports from the field of battle. The cannonading was terrific. There being 140 pieces of artillery on each side engaged at one time. It rained just night.

Saturday, (July) 4 – Started for Richmond. Marched about 6 miles. It rained quite hard most of the night. Drew rations about 12 P.M. — the first we have had since we were captured. The distance from Gettysburg to Williamsport is 46 miles.

Sunday, (July) 5 – Resumed the march at 8 and came about 10 miles. It was a skidaddle of bees. The rebels report Grant badly whipped and demoralized and 8,000 prisoners taken. I hope it is not true.

Monday, (July) 6 – Continued the march at 8 for Hagerstown. Marched all day and night so we got no sleep all night. Our boys are mad and ugly. There are no news from any quarter as we can hear.

Tuesday, (July) 7 –Continued the march until three o’clock when we arrived at Williamsport and camped for the night. Tired, hungry, and sore. Saw several of our men killed by the road in a skirmish and stripped of their clothing and left there.

Wednesday, (July) 8 – Started to cross the river but it was so high we could not go over. There being seventeen feet of water on the ford. The report is that 25 officers were drowned in attempting to cross. Drew six oz. of flour and four of beef which is a days ration per man.

Thursday, (July) 9 – Started to cross the Potomac, but went back and lay in camp. Drew no rations today.

Friday, (July) 10 – Struck camp at three in the morn and crossed the Potomac and lay around until one o’clock then marched 16 miles by sundown without anything to eat in 48 hours. Drew no rations today. The day was very warm.

Saturday, (July) 11 – Started in the morning and marched until noon when we drew a little bread and meat. Then at 6 resumed the march and continued it until two at night when we lay down until morning, tired, sleepy, and hungry having marched 18 miles.

Sunday, (July) 12 – Marched about 5 miles and camped for the day and night. Drew one qt. of flour and ¼ lb. fresh beef for three days. The distance from Williamsport to Winchester is 34 miles.

Monday, (July) 13 – Started at 9 and marched to Strasburg 18 miles. It rained all day and one stream was so high that we could not ford it so we had to go out of the way 4 miles making 22 miles for the days march.

Tuesday, (July) 14 – Struck camp at 8 and marched to Mount Jackson 25 miles. The forenoon was warm, but about noon it clouded up and was cool and sprinkled a little. The report is that Charleston is captured by our men but it is not believed.

Wednesday, (July) 15 – Drew rations then marched 12 miles and camped about sundown for the night. There was a thundershower just night.

Thursday, (July) 16 – Struck camp at 8 and then marched 18 miles. It commenced raining about 3 and continued the greater part of the night. I was sick all night.

Friday, (July) 17 – Resumed our journey again at 8 o’clock. We marched 11 miles or within 4 miles of Staunton. I was sick all day. The distance from Winchester to Staunton is 92 miles.

Saturday, (July) 18 – Struck camp at 8 and marched two miles beyond Staunton and camped for the remainder of the day and night. We had our things taken from us except our woolen blankets.

Sunday, (July) 19 – Lay in camp all day. About 1000 prisoners left on the cars in the afternoon.

Monday, (July) 20 – Nothing of importance transpiring except 700 more prisoners left for Richmond this morning in the cars. We can buy plenty now with Michigan money at exorbitant prices.

Tuesday, (July) 21 – Today is the second anniversary of the Battle of Bull Run. The day was hot but some cloudy.

Wednesday, (July) 22 – We made another start for Richmond and went down to Staunton but the cars did not come in. So at night we came back to camp and drew rations.

Thursday, (July) 23 – Went aboard of the cars about noon. Was on the road 37 hours going a distance of 136 (miles). They robbed us of our canteens in the morning so we suffered considerably. The distance from Staunton to Richmond is 136 miles.

Friday, (July) 24 – Went on Belle Isle where we were robbed of our haversacks, knapsacks, money, inkstands, paper, stamps, and tobacco boles. I have been sick all day.

Post-war photographs of Belle Isle

Saturday, (July) 25 – Spent the day in idleness. Had a thunderstorm in the evening.

Monday, (July) 27 – Had another thundershower in the afternoon. Heard from the reg’t. today.

Tuesday, (July) 28 – It rained all the afternoon and a great part of the night. The report is that there was a general engagement between the two armies today at Culpepper. We are most staved for want of rations.

Wednesday, (July) 29 – We moved our tent and fixed up our camp. Several more prisoners from Grant’s army came in today. Rained again this afternoon quite hard. I am getting most famished with hunger.

Thursday, (July) 30 – About 125 more prisoners came in today from North Carolina and Tennessee. They bring cheering intelligence from those quarters. We had another very hard thunder shower this afternoon. Would like to hear from home.

Friday, (July) 31 – The day has been clear and warm without any rain, the nights are cool. The Reb lieutenant reported the capture of Morgan and his band of guerrillas. No prospect of getting away from here for some time which is a cheering thought to a prisoner indeed.

Saturday, August 1, 1863 – Great excitement in camp There was about 1000 prisoners take from the island for exchange. The day was clear and hot consequently uncomfortable.

Sunday, (August) 2 – About 140 more prisoners from Meade’s army arrived last night. They are principally stragglers and bummers taken by Mosley’s band. We were taken out and counted, and robbed of our money. They took even five cents from one man — all he had.

Monday, (August) 3 – The day has been very hot and sultry. We had the good fortune to get a few extra rations today. There are all sorts of reports as to our future disposition this evening.

Tuesday, (August) 4 – The weather continues hot and sultry with very little wind. We were taken out again today, counted and divided into companies of 100 men each. There were 2600 of us. More reports about our going to night, but are generally disbelieved. We got our breakfast at half past 12 PM.

Wednesday, (August) 5 – Three hundred more prisoners arrived on the island tonight. Had breakfast at 11 and supper at 6 PM. Considerable excitement about going off this afternoon but it is nothing more.

Thursday, (August) 6 – Two trains of prisoners went to City Point early this morning from Libby. About 160 more settlers for Belle Isle this afternoon. As usual more talk about going off as evening advance. Had a small shower just night, which was cool and refreshing.

Friday, (August) 7 – Was taken out and counted this noon. 100 more emigrants for our colony on the isle this morn from Mississippi. The day has been very hot and we have suffered for water as the springs have most dried up. Breakfast at 12 and supper at 4. Had a splendid shower just night.

Saturday, (August) 8 – 170 more prisoners arrived today. Our sick left the island for City Point this afternoon. We had another beautiful thundershower this afternoon. I arose at 4, breakfasted at 10, took supper at 4. Confederacy about played out.

Sunday, (August) 9 – There is no excitement in camp today, except an extract from the Richmond Chronicle, that there were 4 transports at City Point with Rebels aboard. The day has been hot and sultry with no wind. A prisoner was brought in today said to be caught within 8 miles of Richmond.

Monday, (August) 10 – Arose at 4 breakfasted at 12 took supper at 6 consisting of 4 oz of bread and 3 oz of fresh beef. The day has been some cloudy but very hot and dry. Went out after supper to see what is afoot. Saw General Winder and staff. Hope a movement is on foot to get off this hell on earth.

Tuesday, (August) 11 – The Rebel papers report another battle between Meade and Lee the latter having to fall back of course he being whipped. Had singing theatrical performances in the evening in camp.

Wednesday, (August) 12 – No change for better or worse. Smith, orderly of Co. D, left last night. The day was very warm until about 5 when we had a thundershower which cooled the atmosphere. Had singing again in the evening but was stopped by the guard while singing The Red White and Blue.

Thursday, (August) 13 – Had breakfast at 10 consisting of 4 oz of bread, and supper at 8. Had a very hard thundershower just night, which is a blessing to us here. More talk of us going tomorrow but it is not generally believed. Heard some cannonading after dark on the other side of the river.

Friday, (August) 14 – We was lucky enough this morning to get breakfast at 8 and supper at 5. About 200 more prisoners arrived here today. Some from Grant’s and some from our part of the army. Among them was several sutlers. Another very hard thundershower this afternoon. More gab about going off as evening advances.

Saturday, (August) 15 – 80 more unfortunates settled on the island today. Two men were shot yesterday by the guard in cold blood. One was killed and the other is doubtful. There was a bread riot in the rebel parole camp about 2 miles from Richmond. They had to turn the batteries on the camp.

Sunday, (August) 16 – 125 more prisoners from Charleston arrived today and were paroled as the rest. They bring no news of importance. Spent the day in reading my testament which is the only reading matter we have. Times are hard, grub scanty, money scarce, lice plentiful, and the rebels cross and ugly.

Monday, (August) 17 – Was taken out and counted and the squads filled up to a hundred this morning. Consequently we got breakfast at 11. Had a hard thunderstorm after supper. I sat up all night trying to buy some bread, but lost five dollars.

Tuesday, (August) 18 – Everything remains quite with no prospect of getting away soon. Today has been very cold for the time of year as was also last night. There are many reports about the fate of Charleston. Melons are plenty but measurably high.

Wednesday, (August) 19 – 40 men came on the island from different places. The day was comfortable but the night was uncomfortably cold and windy. Had breakfast at 11 and supper at 5. Feel very hungry in going to bed.

Thursday, (August) 20 – 46 more prisoners came in this morning. Some were from Vicksburg, some were from Charleston. 12 were marines from off the Wabash captured the sixth while on picket in the harbor. 1000 prisoners left for our lines last night last night. 228 were from the island. Had breakfast at 11 and supper at 7.

Friday, (August) 21 – Got a Richmond paper in camp today. There was some good news for us in it from Charleston and also about also about our exchange. The days are warm but the nights are comfortably cool. Breakfast at 11 supper at 5. Rations small consequently hungry. Found 2 dollars in the street.

Saturday, (August) 22 – 46 more prisoners came in today. Some were sailors from Wilmington N.C. and some were from Mississippi. Spent the day in working on bone ornaments and reading the testament. The weather continues warm through the day but quite cool at night. Got the sore throat.

Sunday, (August) 23 – Spent the day reading the testament. 12 more prisoners arrived from Meade’s army. They bring no news of importance. There is considerable rumor in camp about our going off tomorrow.

Monday, (August) 24 – Was taken out again this morning and counted. Was aroused at 3 by the cooks cutting up beef, and chopping wood. 357 of our men left to night for our lines. They are a happy set. Had breakfast at 8 and supper at 3.

Tuesday, (August) 25 – The weather has been quite cool all day. There was a small shower in the afternoon. 47 more prisoners from different points arrived just night and were paroled. Had breakfast at 10 and supper at 4. Get awful hungry between meals.

Wednesday, (August) 26 – 25 more prisoners arrived to night from the Rappahannock. Were taken out again and the squads filled up to 100 men and counted. The day has been cool and comfortable, but the night is very severe on us without blankets and proper clothing.

Thursday, (August) 27 – The day has been very cold for the time of year. The flags are at half mast in the city. The report is that Floyd is dead. I wish it was Jeff [Davis] and the Confederacy. Our rations today have been a little larger and better than usual.

Friday, (August) 28 – The day has been tolerably warm, compared with the past week. 17 car loads of Rebs came in today. I had the good fortune to get out and be paroled and go across the river to Libby Prison to go to City Point tomorrow morning. The evening was light and pleasant.

Saturday, (August) 29 – Was taken out of Libby at 2. Drew 4 oz of bread. Got on the cars at ½ past 3, at 4 was on our way for City Point — the land of civilization and plenty. Took the boat at 12 and started immediately. Arrived at Fortress Monroe at 5. Lay over until 8:30 when we got under weigh for Annapolis. The night was windy and the sea very rough. We got plenty of ham and soft bread.

Sunday, (August) 30 – The wind is very high this morning, and the sea rough. Arrived at Annapolis at 8:30. Went to the hospital immediately and had a good wash all over and received a new outfit of clothes. The room is large, clean, and airy with splendid accommodations. I was put on a low diet or ½ rations camp standard.

Monday, (August) 31 – Spent my time pleasantly walking about, and reading the papers, and books of which there are a plenty. Wrote a letter home and sent it. Get three meals a day but no fruit or vegetables.

Tuesday, September 1, 1863 – Spent the day pleasantly indeed. Received a little larger rations today. We have plenty of lady visitors and nurses.

Wednesday, (September) 2 – Was some worse last night and today but feel a little better this evening. Have had lots of female visitors today which makes the time go off pleasantly. Wrote a letter to Uncle John and family. Hope to hear from home soon.

Thursday, (September) 3 – Feel the best today I have since I have been here. Took a walk down to the beach and back. It made me some tired. Wrote a letter to Aunt Corarelie. The weather continues comfortably cool.

Friday, (September) 4 – The ladies visit us quite often and the days pass away very pleasantly in reading, writing letters, and rambling about the grounds which are tastefully laid out and ornamented with every variety of shrubbery indigenous to the northern climes. We get but little news from the army or Charleston in the papers.

Saturday, (September) 5 – Eat breakfast up to the hall where the full diet men eat. Had rice, molasses, coffee, and bread for breakfast. A bowl of soup, roast beef, potatoes, beets, and bread for dinner. Feel great deal better today. Bought a daily paper for 5 cents. No news of importance in it from the army or home [North].

Sunday, (September) 6 – I now eat at the hall. Consequently I am on full diet. Went a fishing and got two. It rained a little just night. The weather remains remarkably cool and comfortable.

Monday, (September) 7 – I went fishing in forenoon in the bay. Caught 8 crabs which I roasted and ate in the gas house. Received six letters from the regt. They were thankfully received as I had not heard from home in most 3 months. I was taken quite sick in the afternoon and night.

Tuesday, (September) 8 – But feel better this morning. Went a fishing but did not catch anything. Wrote one letter to J. B. Chamberlin. Got a boat and made preparations to go up the river tomorrow on an excursion. The day has been pleasant.

Wednesday, (September) 9 – Made preparations to go fishing up the river in afternoon but was prevented by the rain which continued until about 4 o’clock when it cleared up and the wind began to blow. I am looking anxiously for a letter from home. One man died in our ward today making two since I came here.

Thursday, (September) 10 –The day has been quite cool for the time of year. There was a considerable wind making it seem like fall weather. The news from Charleston is a little more cheering. Am watching the mails eagerly for a letter from home.

Friday, (September) 11 – After breakfast I took a stroll around the hospital grounds to see the monuments erected to Decatur Somers, Caldell, Wadswoerthe, Dorsey, and Isreal who were killed in the different assaults upon the city of Tripoli ine 1804. Applied for a pass tomorrow to go into the city.

Saturday, (September) 12 – The day has been cool with a slight sprinkle of rain in the night. Heavy cannonading up at Baltimore all day by spells. They are celebrating the anniversary of the Battle of North Point, fought….

Sunday, (September) 13 – It commenced raining this morning and continued lousy all day. Wrote one letter to the regt. Spent the day in reading and sleeping. The news continues cheering fro Rosecrans department.

Monday, (September) 14 – Nothing of importance transpired today except the daily routine of life, eating drinking, sleeping, reading and playing. The papers stated that Meade was on the advance again and that Lee was falling back before the invincible Army of the Potomac.

Tuesday, (September) 15 – Went fishing but did not get one. The day has been cloudy and cool with a prospect of rain. There are no news of importance today except confirmation of yesterdays reports.

Wednesday, (September) 16 – I got a job of work washing dishes in the kitchen, a good job.

Thursday, (September) 17 – Received a pass to go out into the city to get some money in a registered letter, but the office was robbed last evening and consequently I lost it. Came back to camp about 1 disappointed and mad with the postmaster.

Friday, (September) 18 – It commenced raining this morning and continued all day without ceasing. Today’s papers contain glorious news from the invincible Army of the Cumberland as well as cheering reports from other quarters.

Saturday, (September) 19 – Rained nearly all day again. The day was cold and resembled October weather in Michigan. The prospects for an exchange are not very flattering today. The news from the different parts of the army is quite cheering.

Sunday, (September) 20 – Had as much work today to do as any other day in the week. I had an excellent dinner is the shape of a stuffed and baked goose., potatoes mashed and cabbage. Feel rather unwell this evening.

Monday, (September) 21 – Nothing of importance is transpiring in the Army of the Potomac. Had quite a fight with the guards while up at dinner. Several got in the guard house. There is a rumor afloat that an exchange has been effected.

Tuesday, (September) 22 – Rather discouraging news from Rosecrans Army but hope it is not true. Worked until 10. Feel rather fatigued.

Wednesday, (September) 23 – Quite work today so I am out of employment now.

Thursday, (September) 24 – The New York arrived early this morning from City Point with 726 prisoners aboard. 1100 paroled prisoners left for Washington this afternoon from parole camp.

Friday, (September) 25 – It sprinkled a little this morning. The wind has blown all day and the air feels cold enough for snow. Am doing nothing now, days.

Saturday, (September) 26 – The weather continues to grow cold. Helped to scrub house and clean up generally although the wet floor was rather uncomfortable as we have no fire in the room. Received a letter from Father and answered it.

Sunday, (September) 27 – Received a letter from the company and wrote one to E—–A. Spent the day in writing letters and reading the bible and other books.

Monday, (September) 28 – Signed the pay rolls today expect some money tomorrow. Went out into the city on a borrowed pass to see about my money that was stolen out of the post office. The weather is very pleasant and the evenings delightful.

Thursday, October 1,1863 – I received orders to go to parole camp Saturday. The weather continues pleasant, though some what windy.

Friday, (October) 2 – Went out into the city and got seven dollars of my money. It has rained all the afternoon, some of the time coming down in perfect floods.

Saturday, (October) 3 – Started for parole camp but got orders to go back. I was detailed and went to cooking in the quartermaster’s mess. Get good rations now and plenty of them.

Sunday, (October) 4 – Had lots of work to do for Sunday. A lot of the 1st Corps went to join their command today, and more follow tomorrow. There were two funerals in the yard today.

Monday, (October) 5 – Worked until 2 then got ready to go to my regt. Took the cars at 3 for Washington Arrived there at 8 got supper and stayed in the soldiers retreat all night. Some pickpockets got into a fight in the night.

Tuesday, (October) 6 – I almost froze as I had no blanket last night to sleep under. Got breakfast and took the cars at 8 for Convalescent Camp. Arrived just in time to get my dinner. Found Linus Dillon an old friend in the camp. All strangers so I spent the afternoon sucking my thumb.

Wednesday, (October) 7 – I had no blanket and consequently suffered a great deal with the cold. Did not sleep any all night. I am going to join my regt. as soon as I can.

Thursday, (October) 8 – Spent the day in making bone ornaments and the like. Drew a blanket, haversack, knapsack.

Friday, (October) 9 – Worked on watch fob and strolled around. We are going away and others coming in every day.

Saturday, (October) 10 – Drew another blanket. Spent the day working on the bones again.

Sunday, (October) 11 – Had Sunday morning inspection in the barracks. The nights are cold and uncomfortable. No news from the Army of the Potomac.

Monday, (October) 12 – Our camp and barracks were inspected by Lord Lyons — the British Minister — and several other high officials from Washington.

Tuesday, (October) 13 – Was detailed on the pick and shovel company but did not work very hard. The news from Meade’s front is not very encouraging. The papers represent him as falling back.

Wednesday, (October) 14 – A hard battle has been raging at the front today. The musketry was faintly heard but the cannonading was perfectly plain. I have been down sick with a cold and soreness at the lungs. Weather mild.

Thursday, (October) 15 – Some more cannonading today at the front. Wrote two letters home. It has been raining and lousy all day, though warm for the time of year. Splendid victories in Tenn. Curtin reelected by great majorities.

Friday, (October) 16 – Was detailed for fatigue and worked part of the forenoon. It rained all the afternoon some of the time very hard. Some thunder just night. Glorious news from Ohio. Valandigham receives 50,000 votes of recommendation to his Southern friends.

Saturday, (October) 17 – Received orders to be ready for examination in the afternoon, but it did not come off.

Sunday, (October) 18 – Considerable cannonading was heard in the direction of Centreville, consequently there was some excitement in camp and several large working squads were sent for past few days to work on the fortifications at the front. Some sick today.

Monday, (October) 19 – Lee is reported marching for Maryland and Stuart’s Cavalry are already across the Potomac.

Wednesday, (October) 21 – The Rebels are reported as retreating with Meade in full pursuit.

Thursday, (October) 22 – I hear no tidings of our regt. nor from the army which I think must be on the move. Worked all day on watch chain.

Friday, (October) 23 – Was examined by Doc Clark and ordered to appear before the board for examination.

Saturday, (October) 24 – Was examined by the board of doctors and marked for the ——- It has rained all day and looks like November weather.

Monday, (October) 26 – Received a letter from home and answered it.

Tuesday, (October) 27 – I heard that the regt. is going home next month on furlough.

Wednesday, (October) 28 – Was detailed Corp’l of a fatigue party. I worked all day though not very hard. The weather continues dry and pleasant though the nights are cold and chilly.

Friday, (October) 30 – Received two letters, one with a dollar in it.

Saturday, (October) 31 – The news from the different parts of the army is cheering.

November 1, 1863 – The weather continues warm and pleasant for the time of year.

Monday, (November) 2 – No general movements of the army only skirmishing by Kilpatrick and his cavalry. The Invalid Corps is filling up rapidly from the convalescents in camp.

Tuesday, (November) 3 – Received a box from home containing butter and fruit.

Wednesday, (November) 4 – Received a letter from Geo E. Young and wrote one home.

Thursday, (November) 5 – Worked all day.

Saturday, (November) 7 – Was detailed Corp’l of the fatigue party.

Sunday, (November) 8 – The news are cheering and glorious from Meade’s army. The Fifth and Sixth Corps only were engaged.

Monday, (November) 9– Did some washing in the forenoon. The news from Meade’s army are more encouraging. The weather is very cold and the snow flies pretty fast this evening.

Tuesday, (November) 10 – Today has been clear and cold especially for camping out. The news continued to be good from the different parts of the army and the prospects of a speedy peace are good.

Thursday, (November) 12 – I was Corp’l of the fatigue party today but I did not do a great amount of work. There are several rumors in camp about the success of the army, but none are reliable.

Friday, (November) 13 – It commenced raining towards night and at present has ______ of a raining spell. The rats are thick in the barracks and make the nights hideous with their revels.

Saturday, (November) 14 – Lorenzo Dillon came into camp to see me.

Sunday, (November) 15 – Spent the day in reading The Adventures of Travelers in Foreign Parts by Parley.

Monday, (November) 16 – Did nothing.

Tuesday, (november) 17 – Did nothing.

Wednesday, (November) 18 – Had monthly inspection by a Brigadier General of men barracks and clothing.

Thursday, (November) 19 – I am a dead beat upon the government. I am doing nothing now-a-days.

Friday, (November) 20 – Was detailed Sgt. of the fatigue party, but did not work all day.

Saturday, (November) 21 – The weather looked lousy in the forenoon and in the afternoon it began to rain which continued all night.

Sunday, (November) 22– Spent the day in reading. Had divine service in the barracks in the afternoon. The days is pleasant though quite cool.

Monday, (November) 23 – Did my washing this forenoon. Was ordered to go to my regt. but it was countermanded and I am still here.

Tuesday, (November) 24 – It has rained all day and the roads are very muddy.

Wednesday, (November) 25 – Washed again today for which I received fifty cents. The news from the Army of the Cumberland are encouraging, and I hope peace is not far distant.

Thursday, (November) 26 – Today was Thanksgiving in camp as well as in all of the northern states. Had a Thanksgiving sermon in the forenoon a the chapel. The news from the southwest continues glorious 10,000 prisoners taken Gen’l Thomas.

Saturday, (November) 28 – It has rained most all day consequently the roads are very muddy for army movements. I was examined by the board of doctors and ordered for the second.

Sunday, (November) 29 – The weather has been cool and dry so the army has not been impeded in there movements. Had prayers offered in the barracks today by the chaplain.

Monday, (November) 30 – The weather has been clear and cold Froze in the sun. Was transferred to the Corps of Condemned Yankees. 1st Battalion. Had bread and milk for supper.

Tuesday, December 1,1863 – Did some washing for the boys.

Wednesday, (December) 2 – The Statute of Freedom was raised to the dome of the Capitol and a salute at 3 PM was fired from the forts.

Thursday, (December) 3 – Pleasant and warm for the time of year. Washed for some of the boys. The Russian fleet lying in the Potomac fired a salute before approaching the Capital.

Friday, (December) 4 – Did nothing of importance all day. Wrote a letter to Emma. We opened a debating school in the barracks last evening. The debate was very spirited and interesting.

Saturday, (December) 5 – Had to report to the Invalid Corps rendezvous at barracks 36. Weather clear but the wind is cold and piercing.

Sunday, (December) 6 – Spent the day in reading and thinking. The day has been very clear and cold. Got a letter from home. Was great to get it.

Monday, (December) 7 – Washed for the boys in the afternoon.

Tuesday, (December) 8 – Left Convalescent Camp for the Invalid Depot which is at Meridian Hill. Drew 1 days rations of coffee, sugar, beef, and hard tack. The day has been cold and uncomfortable, but the ground is dry and marching is good.

Wednesday, (December) 9 – Spent the day in drawing clothing, arms and equipment and in getting organized.

Thursday, (December) 10 – Was detailed as Corp’l of the fatigue party, drew water all day. The weather continues clear and cold.

Friday, (December) 11 – Had squad drill in the forenoon and company drill in the afternoon but it was cold on the fingers. Snow flew a little all day.

Saturday, (December) 12 – Had no drill in the forenoon but drill in afternoon. It sprinkled a little all day. It sprinkled a little all day.

Sunday, (December) 13 – Had inspection of barracks, ars, clothing and equipments and had the articles of war read to us at 10 by our Capt. I was detailed as Corp’l of the police force today. No war news today. It sprinkled a little all day.

Monday, (December) 14 – Spent the day in various pursuits and amusements. Am most down sick with a bad cold. The weather is cold and blustering with occasionally some rain.

Tuesday, (December) 15 – Was detailed to take the sick to the surgeon. It occupied all the forenoon. Today has been cold and blustering. 6:35 PM we have just received orders to go away tomorrow place unknown.

Wednesday, (December) 16 – Was aroused at 4 and packed up. Started for Washington at 7 but as our barracks was newly plastered we had to come back. Raised a flag staff which was nearly broke in the raising and as they run up the flag it got tangled and was torn into so the boys said the flag would have to be put in the 2nd Bat’l and the staff the 1st Bat’l I.C.

Friday, (December) 18 – It rained most all day.

Saturday, (December) 19 – Today has been so cold we have not drilled any today.

Sunday, (December) 20 – The invalids were on escort to the funeral of General Buford. The day was cold and I almost froze my fingers. Got back to the barracks just dark.

Monday, (December) 21 – Packed up and left for Washington at 8 AM. Are quartered in barracks on the corner of K Street and Delaware Avenue. Was detailed Corp’l of the quarter police.

Tuesday, (December) 22 – Was detailed Corp’l of the guard.

Wednesday, (December) 23 – Was detailed Corp’l of the quarter police. Had a pass and went all over the city and the capital. The day has been very cold and blustering, some snow blew.

Friday, (December) 25 – Did my washing in the forenoon and played in the afternoon. Each member of the company contributed a quarter and had an oyster supper in the evening. The weather continues cold and dry.

Sunday, (December) 27 – Had Sunday morning inspection of clothing, arms and equipment.

Monday, (December) 28 – Was detailed Corp’l of the guard. It rained most all day.

Tuesday, (December) 29 – Had a pass and went to Convalescent Camp. Was most dead when I got back to Kendall Green Barracks.

Wednesday, (December) 30 – Worked all day cleaning up around the barracks. Today has been very warm and pleasant.

Thursday, (December) 31 – Spent the forenoon in cleaning up our clothes, arms, brass and equipment and blacking shoes and cleaning up generally for muster which came off at one PM. We were complimented highly by the mustering officer who was a Regular captain. The weather has changed since yesterday and now it is raining steadily with a fair prospect for a rainy day.