Silas Sadler

Biographical Sketch

 


sadler-diary-scan-a

Cover page of Silas Sadler’s Diary

Silas

S W S

Co. G, 4th Michigan Regt Vols

Col. D. A. Woodbury

Remember Me
MEMORANDUM FOR 1862

1862

(January) 1, Wednesday — Was out on picket. Saw the old year out and the new year in. Had coffee at twelve o’clock. Fine weather.

(January) 2, Thursday — Come in from picket. Expected to be mustered for pay but did not. Fine weather at present.

(January) 3, Friday — Camp all day. Was mustered for pay in the forenoon. Had Battallion drill in the afternoon. Rather cold.

(January) 4, Saturday — In camp all day. Did not drill any. Weather rather bad. Rained most all day and night. Cold.

(January) 5, Sunday — In camp all day. Had inspection of arms and knapsacks at nine o’clock.

(January) 6, Monday — In camp all day on guard. Lieutenant Jones Officer of the guard. Rather cold. Rained some.

(January) 7, Tuesday — Came off guard at nine in the morning. Off duty for twenty-four hours. Not so cold today. Mild.

(January) 8, Wednesday — Drilled in skirmishing in the forenoon. Battallion drill in the afternoon. No dress parade. Warm.

(January) 9, Thursday —  In camp all day. Received our new guns. Weather quite rainy. Did not drill any all day.

(January) 10, Friday — In camp all day. Cleaned up our old guns and carried them down to the quartermasters. Rather rainy and muddy.

(January) 11, Saturday — Went down and shot at a target with our new guns in the morning. Skirmish drill in the afternoon. Bad weather.

(January) 12, Sunday — In camp all day. Did not have inspection of arms. Had meeting at ten o’clock. Fine weather.

(January) 13, Monday — Drilled a little in the manual of arms in the forenoon. Skirmish drill in the afternoon. No dress parade. Rather cold.

(January) 14, Tuesday — In camp all day. Snowed during the night and some in the morning. Battallion drill in the afternoon. Had dress parade. Rather cold.

(January) 15, Wednesday — In camp all day. Did not [drill] any. — it was so cold and stormy. No dress parade.

(January) 16, Thursday — In camp all day. Did not drill any. So cold that we had to go and get some wood to keep warm.

(January) 17, Friday — In camp all day. Did not drill any on account of it being so cold and stormy.

(January) 18, Saturday — In camp all day. Did not drill any. Had no inspection nor dress parade. Rainy weather.

(January) 19, Sunday — In camp all day. Did not have any inspection of arms or knapsacks. No drill or dress parade.

(January) 20, Monday — In camp all day. Did not drill any on account of it raining so hard. Had no dress parade.

(January) 21, Tuesday — In camp all day. Did not drill any. It rained all the time. Hear of another Union victory in Kentucky.

(January) 22, Wednesday — In camp all day. Had orders to pack up everything we could not carry and send them down to Washington. Did so.

(January) 23, Thursday — Went out on picket on Leesburg turnpike. Had the worst time out on picket we ever had — rained and hailed all the time.

(January) 24, Friday — On picket all day. cold and stormy. I had to stand post 4 hours in the night — post no. 17, 4th relief.

(January) 25, Saturday — Was relieved on picket by the 83rd Pennsylvania volunteers. Started for camp about 11 o’clock. Had rather a bad time — mud so deep.

(January) 26, Sunday — In camp all day. Had inspection of arms and knapsacks in the morning. Went down and washed my clothes in the afternoon. Mild.

(January) 27, Monday — Went over to Falls Church to get my boots fixed. Had to wait all day. Pleasant weather.

(January) 28, Tuesday — In camp all day. Got our two months pay. Owed the sutler 4 dollars. Paid him. Had 24 dollars left. Cold and rainy.

(January) 29, Wednesday — Did not drill any on account of it raining so hard. Went down to Falls Church and got a new pair of boots. Cost 5 dollars. Bad weather.

(January) 30, Thursday — In camp all day. Did not drill any. Rained most all day. Stayed in my tent and read most of the time.

(January) 31, Friday — In camp all day. Did not drill any on account of it’s raining all the time. Nothing but rain.

(February) 1, Saturday — In camp all day. Did not drill any. Rained all the time. Got a letter from Lawrence Vantine. No dress parade.

(February) 2, Sunday — In camp all day. Had inspection of arms and ammunition and knapsacks. Fine weather but rather muddy.

(February) 3, Monday — In camp all day. It snowed most all day. Weather quite cold. Snow about two inches deep. No dress parade.

(February) 4, Tuesday — In camp all day. Got two letters — one from Augustine Wright [and] got a letter from home with my father’s and mother’s likeness in. Got mine taken and sent it home same day.

(February) 5, Wednesday — In camp all day. Did not drill any. Snow about two inches deep. Got a pint of oysters. No dress parade.

(February) 6, Thursday — In camp all day. It rained all the forenoon. Pleasant in the afternoon. It is my birthday — 18 years old. Had dress parade. Pleasant.

(February) 7, Friday — Went down and shot at a target in the forenoon. In the evening, the Regiment presented Dr. Chamberlain with a revolver and sash. Got a letter from Cousin George.

(February) 8, Saturday — Went down and shot at a target in the forenoon. Battallion drill in the afternoon. Off one hour — went and helped get a load of wood for Captain.

(February) 9, Sunday — Had one hour’s drill in the morning. Went to church at ten o’clock. Got a letter from grandmother in [New] York State. Answered it same day. Had dress parade.

(February) 10, Monday — Went down and shot at a target in the morning. Battallion drill in the afternoon. Went up to Gen. Morrell’s in the evening to carry a letter for Col. Woodbury.

(February) 11, Tuesday — On guard today. Went and helped draw bread for the regiment and went and helped get wood for the guardhouse. Cold and stormy.

(February) 12, Wednesday — Off duty for 24 hours. Went to bed and slept most all day. Company drill in the forenoon. Target shooting in the afternoon. Weather warm and nice.

(February) 13, Thursday — The company went down and shot at a target in the morning. No drill. No dress parade. Wrote a letter home. Also sent a paper. Fine weather.

(February) 14, Friday — Today the regiment went out scouting. Went 7 miles to a place called Vienna. Did not see nary a rebel. Rained some. Got into camp about 5 o’clock PM.

(February) 15, Saturday — Today it snowed all the forenoon. Mild in the afternoon. Help scrape the snow out of the alley. Had dress parade and inspection of tents.

(February) 16, Sunday — Today it is warm and pleasant. Six Companies out of the regiment went out on picket. No inspection of arms but of tents.

(February) 17, Monday — Today I am on guard — post no. 8, second relief. Got news of the capture of Fort Donelson. Our regiment went out on the color line and gave three cheers.

(February) 18, Tuesday — Off duty today. The regiment came in from picket. In the afternoon, went down and cut wood for the night.

(February) 19, Wednesday — Wrote a letter to my mother. It rained hard most all day. Went down to the spring and got two pails of water for the cooks to make coffee. Still raining.

(February) 20, Thursday — Today it is cold and rainy. Sent to New York for a gold pen and holder. Did not drill any but had dress parade.

(February) 21, Friday — Got two letters — one from Augustine Wright [and] one from M.V. Drilled in bayonet exercise in the morning. Also in the afternoon. Was viewed by General Porter on dress parade.

(February) 22, Saturday — Today it is Washington’s Birthday. The Regiment celebrated it in fine style. There was no drill [and] no dress parade. Spent my time in reading.

(February) 23, Sunday — Had inspection of arms and knapsacks. I went up to Gen. Morrell’s and got a pass for Capt. Marshall to go down to Washington with. No drill.

(February) 24, Monday — Today I am on guard. The wind blew a perfect hurricane. It blew down most all the tents in the regiment. Quite cold. No drill [and] no dress parade.

(February) 25, Tuesday — Today it is more pleasant. Myself and four others went and helped get cedar boughs for General Morrell. Had dress parade.

(February) 26, Wednesday — Had Battalion drill in the forenoon. No drill in the afternoon. Lieutenant Beers just got back from home on a furlough.

(February) 27, Thursday –Today it is cold and windy. Did not march as we expected to. Had some cake that came from Michigan. Had dress parade.

(February) 28, Friday — Today it is cold and windy. Was mustered for pay and had inspection of arms. Received my gold pen from New York. No dress parade.

(March) 1, Saturday — Today it is quite cold. Received a box from home containing two rolls of butter and some cakes. Had one hour’s drills and dress parade.

(March) 2, Sunday — Had inspection of arms and knapsacks in the morning. Snowed some about ten o’clock. Had dress parade. No drill.

(March) 3, Monday — Today it is cold and stormy, having rained most all day. Got a new pair of stockings that came from Michigan. No drills or dress parade.

(March) 4, Tuesday — Today it is quite pleasant. Ten of the best shots in the company went and shot at a target for a prize. I won it.

(March) 5, Wednesday — Today it is a quite warm and pleasant. Drilled in the bayonet excersise in the forenoon. No drill in the afternoon but had dress parade.

(March) 6, Thursday — Today it is a quite warm. On guard — 2nd relief, post no. 14. Had drill in the bayonet exercise in the morning. We went down and shot at a target in the afternoon with F P Deuel.

(March) 7, Friday — Today it is quite cold. Off duty for 24 hours. Had company drill in the bayonet exercise in the morning. Sold my boots to L. C. Smith for two dollars. Had dress parade.

(March) 8, Saturday — Today it is quite warm. Had company drill in the morning. Battallion drill in the afternoon. Had dress parade. Orders came for to go out scouting in the morning.

(March) 9, Sunday — Went out scouting to a place called Vienna — a distance of 7 miles. Got there and went out on picket. Was called in. Advanced out further. Fine weather.

(March) 10, Monday — Came into camp from Vienna, packed up our things, [and] headed for Bulls Run. Got within 4 miles of Fairfax C.H. [where we] encamped for the night.

(March) 11, Tuesday — Today it is quite warm. Resumed our march in the morning. Got into Fairfax C.H. at 8 o’clock. Had Battalion [drill] in the afternoon.

(March) 12, Wednesday — Today it is quite warm. Had battalion drill and dress parade. Was reviewed on dress parade by Gen. McClellan.

(March) 13, Thursday — Still at Fairfax [C. H.] Capt. went to Bulls Run. Had company drill in the bayonet exercise. Cold and rainy at night.

(March) 14, Friday — Today it is quite cold. Still at Fairfax C. H. Had company drill in the morning in skirmishing. Battallion drill in the afternoon. Had dress parade.

(March) 15, Saturday — Left Fairfax C. H. at six in the morning for Clouds mills. Got there at three o’clock. Camped for the night. Rained hard all day. Was went through.

(March) 16, Sunday — Cleaned up our guns and had inspection of arms. Drawed one days ration — Coffee and Sugar Pork. Cloudy.

(March) 17, Monday — Changed out camp in the morning. Sent a letter home. Three recruits come for our company — Lon Pennock and brother. Quite warm.

(March) 18, Tuesday — Had Battallion drill and dress parade. Had inspection of arm and cartridges. Quite warm.

(March) 19, Wednesday — It is quite pleasant. Had company drill in the bayonet exercise in the forenoon. No drill in the afternoon.

(March) 20, Thursday — Today it is rainy and muddy having rained all night. Changed our camp down to the 64th New York. Drawed out rations of bitters.

(March) 21, Friday — Left our camp. Marched to Alexandria — a distance of three miles. Go on to a steamboat to go to Fortress Monroe. Slept on the boat that night. Got a letter.

(March) 22, Saturday — Started from Alexandria at ten oclock in the morning on the Steamer Daniel Webster. Anchored in Chesapeake Bay that night.

(March) 23, Sunday — Arrived at Fortress Monroe at four o’clock AM. Passed through the ruins of Hampton. Camped about two miles from the fort. Warm.

(March) 24, Monday — It is quite warm. Had inspection of arms and knapsacks. Drawed three days rations of coffee and sugar.

(March) 25, Tuesday — Today it is quite warm. Broke up our camp [and] marched about three miles. Encamped for the night.

(March) 26, Wednesday — Today it is warm and pleasant. Myself and 8 others went out on picket. Leut. Beers, Officer of the picket.

(March) 27, Thursday — Come in from picket. Went after the regiment which had gone out scouting. Went to a place called Big Bethel [and] had a little skirmish.

(March) 28, Friday — Today it is warm and and pleasant. Cleaned up our guns. Had inspection and dress parade.

(March) 29, Saturday — Had company drill in the forenoon. Rainy in the afternoon. No inspection or dress parade.

(March) 30, Sunday — Today it rained all day. 18 in our company went out on picket guard.

(March) 31, Monday — Today it is pleasant. Wrote two letters. Cleaned up our guns. Had dress parade.

(April) 1, Tuesday — Had company drill in the forenoon. Battalion drill in the afternoon Acted as Orderly at a court martial. Had dress parade.

(April) 2, Wednesday — Had company drill in the forenoon. Same in the afternoon. Acted as Orderly at another court martial. Had dress parade.

(April) 3, Thursday — Today it is warm and pleasant. On guard over to General Porter’s Headquarters, Post No 1. Had company drill and dress parade.

(April) 4, Friday — Today it is quite warm. Left our old camp and started for Yorktown — a distance of 24 miles. Encamped for the night 5 miles from there.

(April) 5, Saturday — Got opposite Yorktown. Discovered Rebels batteries. Our batteries commenced shelling them. Shelled them all day. Some of our men were wounded.

(April) 6, Sunday — Today it is quite warm and pleasant. Considerable firing on both sides with cannon mostly.

(April) 7, Monday — Today it is stormy. 8 of us went out skirmishing. Had a good many shots at the rebels. Capt. Spaulding [of] Co. B was wounded in the arm.

(April) 8, Tuesday — Today it is bad stormy weather. Quite a number shots were fired on both sides. Rained all day.

(April) 9, Wednesday — Changed our position further to the right. Quite a number shots were fired on both sides. Got two letters — one from home [and] one from L. Vantine.

(April) 10, Thursday — Today it is cloudy. Rained some. Got our new poncho tents. Went down and got some oysters out of the York river. Had inspection of arms. Wrote a letter home.

(April) 11, Friday — Today it is warm and pleasant. In camp all day. Had inspection of arms and ammunition.

(April) 12, Saturday — Seven Companies went out on picket. Relieved the 44th New York. The rebels throwed shells at our camp. Warm.

(April) 13, Sunday — Today it is warm and pleasant. Came in from picket. Was relieved by the 9th Mass Vols. Had inspection.

(April) 14, Monday — Today it is warm and pleasant. Our gunboats shelled the rebels most all day. Had inspection.

(April) 15, Tuesday — Had company drill in the forenoon. Inspection in the afternoon. Fine weather. Had dress parade.

(April) 16, Wednesday — Today it is warm and pleasant. Gen’l Smith’s Division fought the Rebels most all day. Had company drill and inspection.

(April) 17, Thursday — Today it is warm and pleasant. Had company drill in the forenoon. Had inspection. Had dress parade.

(April) 18, Friday — Got up at 4 in the morning. Went out on picket. Captain Wood was shot while out by one of his own men. Died the same night.

(April) 19, Saturday — Come in from picket. Was relieved by the 18th Regt. Mass. Vols. Had inspection of arms. Rained some. On camp guard post no. 14, 1st relief.

(April) 20, Sunday — Come off guard at nine in the morning. Had inspection of arms and ammunition. Cold and stormy.

(April) 21, Monday — Our regiment went out and built a fort for six cannon. They were 11 feet long. Got a letter from home. Rained.

(April) 22, Tuesday — Today it rained all the forenoon. Pleasant in the afternoon. Had inspection of arms and ammunition. Had dress parade.

(April) 23, Wednesday — Today it is warm and pleasant. Had inspection of arms. 12 in our company went out at night to work on a mortar bed. Worked all night.

(April) 24, Thursday — Had inspection of arms and ammunition. Had dress parade. Cloudy weather.

(April) 25, Friday — Had inspections of arms and ammunition. On guard post no. 18, second relief. Had dress parade.

(April) 26, Saturday — Today it is rainy. Off duty for 24 hours. No inspection or dress parade.

(April) 27, Sunday — Today it is cloudy. Went out on picket. Went on the reserve hill night, then went out on post. All quiet.

(April) 28, Monday –Today it is warm and pleasant. Come in from picket. Got our pay — 26 dollars. Had inspection of arms.

(April) 29, Tuesday — Today it is warm and pleasant. Had inspection of arms and ammunition.

(April) 30, Wednesday — Today it is cloudy. Was mustered for our next pay. Some of our siege guns shelled the rebels.

(May) 1, Thursday — Went out to work on the entrenchments. Worked all day. The rebels shelled us. Rained some.

(May) 2, Friday — Had inspection of arms and ammunition. Mort Pennock made corporal by Capt. Marshall. Had dress parade.

(May) 3, Saturday — Had inspection of arms and ammunition. Quite warm and pleasant. Had dress parade.

(May) 3, Saturday — Had inspection of arms and ammunition. Quite warm and pleasant. Had dress parade.

(May) 4, Sunday — Went out to work on the entrenchments. Got out there and found out that the rebels had evacuated Yorktown.

(May) 5, Monday — On guard post no. 13, first relief. Have firing in the direction of Williamsburg. Had inspection of arms.

(May) 6, Tuesday — Today it is warm and pleasant. Had inspection of arms and dress parade.

(May) 7, Wednesday — Had company drill and dress parade. Had orders to pack up and be ready to march. Hot weather.

(May) 8, Thursday — Left Yorktown at 5 AM. Got on board of steamer C. Vanderbilt. Started up the York river to West Point. Got there about 12 o’clock. Stayed on the boat all night.

(May) 9, Friday — Got off the boat. Went about half a mile and encamped. Got our mail. Got a letter from C.H. Warm weather.

(May) 10, Saturday — Went out on picket. Stayed all day. Orders come for us to go into camp [but] to get ready to march. Come in but did not go as expected.

(May) 11, Sunday — Today we had regimental inspection at half past 9 in the morning. Gen McClellan came through the camps. Had dress parade.

(May) 12, Monday — Had Company drill in the forenoon. Battallion drill in the afternoon. Had dress parade.

(May) 13, Tuesday — Left our camp at West Point at 5 in the morning for Richmond. Encamped for the night at Kent C.H. — 27 miles from Richmond.

(May) 14, Wednesday — Today it is rainy. Our division fell out to present arms to W. H. Seward and Gen. McClellan at Cumberland Landing.

(May) 15, Thursday — Today it is raining. Had orders to pack up and be ready to march but did not. Was out in the rain all day.

(May) 16, Friday — Left our camp at Cumberland Landing. Marched six miles and encamped.

(May) 17, Saturday — On guard post no. 17, second relief. Changed our camp. Had inspection and dress parade.

(May) 18, Sunday — Had meeting at 12 o’clock. Had inspection of arms and dress parade. Had orders to march in the morning.

(May) 19, Monday — Left our camp at White House Landing. Marched about 8 miles and encamped. Rained most all the time. Bad marching.

(May) 20, Tuesday — Had company drill in the forenoon and dress parade. Drawed three days rations. Awful hot weather.

(May) 21, Wednesday — Packed up and started again on the march. Went about six miles and encamped. Cloudy.

(May) 22, Thursday — Got up at four in the morning, packed our knapsacks, but did not march till noon. Went 8 miles and encamped. Rained hard.

(May) 23, Friday — Went and bought some sweet potatoes. Drawed 2 days rations. Had inspection and dress parade. 12 miles from Richmond.

(May) 24, Saturday — Went out on a scout. Came up to the rebel picket [line and] drove them in. Had a fight. Took 38 prisoners. Killed and wounded 150. Our loss — 2 killed, 7 wounded.

(May) 25, Sunday — Cleaned up our guns in the morning. Went to the funeral of the two men that was killed. The whole brigade went. Orders read on dress parade for camp to be called Camp Michigan.

(May) 26, Monday — Got up at three in the morning and started again. Went about three miles and encamped. Orders come for us to go out in the morning to fight.

(May) 27, Tuesday — Left our camp at five in the morning for Hanover C. H. Our men had a fight. Took 1,000 prisoners.

(May) 28, Wednesday — Moved our camp in the morning and help bury the dead. Prisoners kept coming in. Had inspection.

(May) 29, Thursday — Left Hanover C. H. at 4 in the afternoon for our old camp at Gaines Hill. Got there at 12 at night.

(May) 30, Friday — On guard. Had the hardest thunderstorm I ever seen. Got wet through. Stood post twice.

(May) 31, Saturday — General Casey’s division had a fight with the rebels. He cleared them out. Captured one of Gen. [Joseph E.] Johnston’s aids. Had inspection.

(June) 1, Sunday — Packed up our things and started out to fight. Went about a mile and came back into camp on account of the bridges not being done across the Chickahominy.

(June) 2, Monday — Went out on picket. Heavy thunderstorm. Got wet through. All quiet on the lines.

(June) 3, Tuesday — Was relieved on picket by the 44th New York Regt. Came into camp. Packed up ready for to march. Drawed three days rations. Had inspection.

(June) 4, Wednesday — Today it is rainy. Had nothing of any account to do. Had inspection of guns and ammunition at six o’clock.

(June) 5, Thursday — On guard over to General Porter’s. Went out in the morning. Was relieved at night. Came into camp. Got our pay — 26 dollars.

(June) 6, Friday — Rained some. Sent home fifteen dollars of my pay. Had inspection of arms and ammunition at 6 o’clock.

(June) 7, Saturday — Had Company Drill in the forenoon. Inspection of arms and ammunition. There was a heavy thunderstorm.

(June) 8, Sunday — Went out to guard the workmen that are building a bridge across the Chickahominy River. Considerable firing on both sides.

(June) 9, Monday — Came in from guarding the bridge. Cleaned up. Went on a review. Had company inspection.

(June) 10, Tuesday — Today it was wet and rainy. Fixed up our street. Had inspection of arms and ammunition.

(June) 11, Wednesday — Had company drill in the forenoon. Inspection of arms in the afternoon.

(June) 12, Thursday — Had company drill in the forenoon and inspection of arms and ammunition in the afternoon. Fine weather.

(June) 13, Friday — Went out on picket in the afternoon. Went across the Chickahominy River in sight of the Rebels.

(June) 14, Saturday — Still on picket — so close to them that we talked with them. All quiet.

(June) 15, Sunday — Came in from picket about noon. Was relieved by the 16th Michigan Regt. Rained some.

(June) 16, Monday — Went to work and moved our tents. Put floors in them. Had inspection.

(June) 17, Tuesday — Went out to work on the bridge. Did not work any in the forenoon. Finished it in the afternoon.

(June) 18, Wednesday — Had battalion drill in the morning about one hour. Had inspection and dress parade.

(June) 19, Thursday — Cleaned up the street in our camp in the forenoon. Went down in swimming in the afternoon. Had battalion drill and dress parade.

(June) 20, Friday — Read all the forenoon. Had brigade drill in the afternoon and inspection of arms.

(June) 21-Saturday — Had brigade drill at six o’clock. Had inspection of arms and ammunition. Wrote a letter home.

(June) 2, Sunday — Went out on picket. Relieved the 17th New York. Was on the reserve till 12 o’clock, then went out on post. Fine weather.

(June) 23, Monday — Was relieved on picket by the 13th New York. Got into camp just as it began to rain.

(June) 24, Tuesday — Went over [to] Dr. Gaines. On guard in the morning. Went into camp and got the mail. Jerry Allen, officer of the guard.

(June) 25, Wednesday — Came into camp from Dr. Gaines. Had battalion drill [and] also Company drill in the morning. Hot weather.

(June) 26, Thursday — Packed up [and] went out to Mechanicsville. Had a fight. The loss in our regiment was 20 killed, wounded, and missing.

(June) 27, Friday — Left our old camp. Fell back about two miles. Had another fight at Gaines Mill. The loss in our regiment was heavy.

(June) 28, Saturday — Started for the James River. Went about five miles [and] encamped for the night.

(June) 29, Sunday — Left our camp at 9 in the morning for the James River. Traveled all day and night.

(June) 30, Monday — The Rebels pitched into our rear guard. Had a Heavy fight. Our men whipped them [and] took a large number of prisoners. Laid on our arms all night.

(July) 1, Tuesday — Had another fight at Malvern Hill. The loss in our regiment was heavy. We lost our Colonel. Fought till dark. Left the battlefield about 10 o’clock at night. Marched all night.

(July) 2, Wednesday — Marched west all day. Arrived at Harrison Landing on the James river. Tired out. Rained hard.

(July) 3, Thursday — Moved our camp in the morning. The Rebels opened fire on us. We captured two of their batteries.

(July) 4, Friday — Went down and washed my clothes in the forenoon. Our brigade was reviewed by General Griffin.

(July) 5, Saturday — Cleaned up our guns in the morning for inspection but did not have it as we expected.

(July) 6, Sunday — Had regimental inspection in the morning. Had dress parade. Orders was read on dress parade.

(July) 7, Monday — Cleaned up our street in the morning. Had dress parade and inspection.

(July) 8, Tuesday — Seen old Abe. Wrote a letter. Went down to the dock. Seen the Monitor and Galena. Warm.

(July) 9, Wednesday — On guard. Runner on the third relief. Only stood post two hours during the night. Fine weather.

(July) 10, Thursday — Came off from guard at nine in the morning. Went down and washed my clothes. Rained at night. Fixed our tents.

(July) 11, Friday — Rained all day. Nothing going on. Stayed in camp all day. No drill.

(July) 12, Saturday — Had regimental inspection in the forenoon. Fixed up our tent. Had company inspection. Drawed our ration of bitters. Sat up with Mort Pennock.

(July) 13, Sunday — Cleaned up the street in the morning. Hat inspection. Sat up with Mort till morning from 12 o’clock. Fine weather.

(July) 14, Monday — Went up to the hospital with the sick. Help clean up the street. Had inspection. Fine weather.

(July) 15, Tuesday — Had company drill in the morning. Was mustered in for pay in the afternoon. Had inspection and dress parade.

(July) 16, Wednesday — Went out to work on fatigue duty in the morning. Had company inspection at six o’clock.

(July) 17, Thursday — Had company drill in the morning. No inspection or dress parade on account of it’s raining so hard.

(July) 18, Friday — The whole company went out and got wood and water for the cooks. Had inspection of arms.

(July) 19, Saturday — Cleaned up the street in the morning. Had inspection of arms and ammunition. Drawed new caps and leggings.

(July) 20, Sunday — Had company inspection of arms. Drew new haversacks. Had dress parade.

(July) 21, Monday — Moved our camp in the morning over near the river in a large wheat field. On guard — 2nd relief.

(July) 22, Tuesday — Went to work and fixed up street and tents. Had inspection and dress parade.

(July) 23, Wednesday — Had company drill in the manual of arms in the morning. Went down and washed my clothes. Had dress parade.

(July) 24, Thursday — Had company drill in the morning. Cleaned up the street. Went out on a review in the afternoon of Morrell’s Division.

(July) 25, Friday — Had a grand review by General McClellan of Porter’s Corps D ‘Arms at 7 in the morning. Got through at noon. Had dress parade.

(July) 26, Saturday — Had company drill in the morning. Cleaned up our street. Went up to the 14th New York to get a book. Rained some.

(July) 27, Sunday — Had no drill but had company inspection and dress parade. Stayed in camp all day. Warm.

(July) 28, Monday — On guard. Over to General Porters — post no. 2, third relief. Went into camp and got my blanket. Warm.

(July) 29, Tuesday — Was relieved from Porter’s about nine in the morning. Went into camp. Had company drill and inspection of arms.

(July) 30, Wednesday — Had company drill in the morning an hour. Battalion drill in the afternoon. Had dress parade.

(July) 31, Thursday — Had company drill in the morning. Commenced raining about 10 o’clock. Rained hard all day. No dress parade.

(August) 1, Friday — Had company drill in the morning. Had regimental inspection at 5 o’clock. Had dress parade. Warm.

(August) 2, Saturday — Our regiment went out scounting across the James River. 15 of us went out with Gen. McClellan’s aid. Captured one Rebel cavalryman.

(August) 3, Sunday — Went down and washed my clothes. Had inspection and dress parade.

(August) 4, Monday — Was detailed to do police duty. Had company drill and dress parade.

(August) 5, Tuesday — Wrote a letter to James Saxton. Got our pay — 26 dollars. Had company drill and dress parade. Went over to Headquarters.

(August) 6, Wednesday — Had company drill in the morning. Battalion drill in afternoon. Had dress parade.

(August) 7, Thursday — Had company drill in the morning. Had dress parade and inspection. Went over to Headquarters.

(August) 8, Friday — Had company drill in the morning. Capt. Marshall and Mort Pennock went home recruiting for the regiment. Had dress parade.

(August) 9, Saturday — Had company drill in the morning. Had dress parade and inspection.

(August) 10, Sunday — Orders come for us to pack up and to be ready to march. Did so but did not march as we expected to.

(August) 11, Monday — Had orders to be ready to march at 2 o’clock with 3 days rations but did not go. On guard post — no. 2, 2nd relief. Had dress parade.

(August) 12, Tuesday — Came off guard at nine in the morning. Still had orders to be ready to march at a moment’s notice. Had dress parade.

(August) 13, Wednesday — Had company drill morning. Had dress parade and inspection of arms.

sadler-diary-scan-b

Handwriting of Silas Sadler in his 1862 Diary

(August) 14, Thursday — Had company drill in the morning. Battallion Drill in the afternoon. Had orders to strike tents. Marched at 10 o’clock as far as Headquarters.

(August) 15, Friday — Started early in the morning. Marched all day and night. Pretty tired.

(August) 16, Saturday — Crossed the Chickahominy River. Laid still all day. Marched most all night to Williamsburg.

(August) 17, Sunday — Left Williamsburg in the morning for Yorktown. Arrived there at 2 o’clock AM. Our company was wagon guard that day.

(August) 18, Monday — Left Yorktown in the morning for Fortress Monroe. Stopped for dinner at Big Bethel. Arrived at Fortress Monroe abut 5 o’clock at night.

(August) 19, Tuesday — Left Fortress Monroe in the morning for Newport News. Got there about noon. Embarked on a steamer for Chesapeake Bay.

(August) 20, Wednesday — Landed at Aquia Creek. Started for Fredericksburg. Traveled till dark. Encamped for the night at a place called the United States Ford.

(August) 21, Thursday — Started on the march in the morning. Got to Fredericksburg about noon. Pitched our tents. Marched again about 11 o’clock at night.

(August) 22, Friday — Still on the march. Marched all day. Arrived at a place called Ellis Ford.

(August) 23, Saturday — Still at Ellis Ford. Had company inspection in the morning. Rained some in the afternoon.

(August) 24, Sunday — Still at the Ford. Had regimental inspection at 10 o’clock. Had orders to pack up and be ready to march but did not do so.

(August) 25, Monday — Still at the ford. I am on guard. Had company inspection. Went out and got some green corn and potatoes.

(August) 26, Tuesday — Still at the ford. Had company inspection and dress parade. Warm.

(August) 27, Wednesday — Left the ford at 8 in the morning. Marched all day. Went 20 miles to a place called Warrenton Station. Camped for the night.

(August) 28, Thursday — Left Warrenton Station at ½ past 3 in the morning. Marched all day. Went to Manassas Junction.

(August) 29 — Friday left Manassas in the morning. Expected to have a fight. Marched around all day. Our regiment went out on picket at night.

(August) 30, Saturday — Our regiment skirmished through a corn field to find out where the enemy was, then fell back. Marched all day. At Centreville.

(August) 31, Sunday — Stopped for breakfast at Bull Run and all day. Changed our positions several times during the day.

(September) 1, Monday — Packed up our things. About twelve o’clock at night, started on the march. Marched all day but did not have any battle.

(September) 2, Tuesday — Started again in the morning. Had dinner at Fairfax C. H. Started again after dinner. Passed through Vienna. Camped for the night.

(September) 3, Wednesday — Started for our old camp on Minor’s Hill. Went around Chain Bridge. Got to our old camp about noon.

(September) 4, Thursday — Still on Minor’s Hill. Cleaned up to get ready for mustering. Stacked our arms on the color line. Expected an attack.

(September) 5, Friday — Still on our old camp. Went over and got some potatoes. On guard. Had company drill and dress parade.

(September) 6, Saturday — Cleaned up our street in the morning. Was mustered for pay. Packed up our things. Started on the march. Went about 6 miles and camped.

(September) 7, Sunday — Changed our position in the morning. Our company went out on picket. L. Taylor and myself stood together.

(September) 8, Monday. Still on picket. Wrote a letter home. Went out and stood post from 8 till 12. All quiet.

(September) 9, Tuesday — Still on picket. Drew three days rations of sugar, coffee, bread and pork. Got our knapsacks.

(September) 10, Wednesday — Still on picket. Went down to Bulls Cross Roads and got some things.

(September) 11, Thursday — Still on picket. Drew new pants, shirts, drawers. Rained some. All quiet.

(September) 12, Friday — Drew three days rations in the morning. Started on the march. Passed through Georgetown and Washington.

(September) 13, Saturday — Started again in the morning. Marched all day. Camped for the night by a large river. Pleasant.

(September) 14, Sunday — Resumed our march in the morning. Camped for the night at Frederick City, Maryland. Warm.

(September) 15, Monday — Drew three days rations. Started on the march about 10 o’clock. Passed through Frederick City. Camped for the night.

(September) 16, Tuesday — Started again in the morning. Passed over the mountains where they had a battle the day before. Camped for the night.

(September) 17, Wednesday — Changed our position in the morning. Supported Griffin’s Battery during the day. Heavy fighting all day at Antietam. Drew two days rations.

(September) 18, Thursday — Changed our position again in the morning. Still supporting Griffin’s Battery. Skirmishing all day.

(September) 19, Friday — Our regiment went out skirmishing. General Griffin came out and wanted us to charge across the Potomac and take a Rebel battery. Did so. Got three pieces of cannon.

(September) 20, Saturday — Went out and tried to cross the river again but could not. Laid in the woods all day expecting an attack. Fell back at night and camped.

(September) 21, Sunday — Had inspection of arms. Laid in camp all day. Some firing.

(September) 22, Monday — Changed our camp in the morning. Put up our tents. Fixed up our camp. All quiet.

(September) 23, Tuesday — Had company drill of one hour in the morning. Orders came for us to go out on picket in the afternoon. Did so.

(September) 24, Wednesday — Stayed out on picket 24 hours. Was relieved by the 32nd Mass. Vols. Got into camp just after dark.

(September) 25, Thursday — Had company drill in the morning. Had inspection of arms. Pleasant.

(September) 26, Friday — Had company drill in the morning. Inspection in the afternoon. Had battalion drill.

(September) 27, Saturday — Had company drill in the morning. Had inspection of arms.

(September) 28, Sunday — Went out on picket. Our company was on the reserve all the time. All quiet.

(September) 29, Monday — Was relieved on picket in the morning. Went into camp. Drew new clothes. Went down to Sharpsburg.

(September) 30, Tuesday — Had company drill in the morning. Drew three day rations of pork, coffee, sugar. Had dress parade.

(October) 1, Wednesday — Had battalion drill in the morning. Company drill in the afternoon. Had dress parade.

(October) 2, Thursday — Had battalion drill in the morning. Company drill in the afternoon. Had dress parade.

(October) 3, Friday — Was out on a great review by President Lincoln, McClellan, and other generals. Had inspection and dress parade.

(October) 4, Saturday — Cleaned up for a general inspection but did not have any. Had battalion drill.

(October) 5, Sunday — Had company inspection at 9 in the morning. Had dress parade.

(October) 6, Monday — Had battalion drill in the morning. On duty — went down to General Porter’s Headquarters. Had dress parade.

(October) 7, Tuesday — Had company drill in the morning. Fell in and went out and cleaned up our drill ground. Had dress parade.

(October) 8, Wednesday — Had battalion drill in the morning. Company drill in the afternoon. Had dress parade.

(October) 9, Thursday — Moved camp in the morning. Cleaned up for a general inspection. Got 3 letters. Had dress parade.

(October) 10, Friday — Had battalion drill in the morning. Company drill in the afternoon. Rained some.

(October) 11, Saturday — Rained all day. No drill but had dress parade. Cold.

(October) 12, Sunday — Had company inspection at 9 in the morning. Meeting at half past 10. Had dress parade.

(October) 13, Monday — Went out on picket in the morning. Relieved the 2nd Maine Regiment. Was on the reserve.

(October) 14, Tuesday — Still on picket and still on the reserve. All quiet.

(October) 15, Wednesday — Came in from picket. Had general inspection in the afternoon.

(October) 16, Thursday — Crossed the Potomac on a scout. The whole division went. Some fighting. Rained all night.

(October) 17, Friday — Started in the morning after the Rebels. Came up to them [and] had quite a skirmish. Took some prisoners. Got into camp about 10 o’clock.

(October) 18, Saturday — In Camp all day. Did not have any drill but had dress parade.

(October) 19, Sunday — Had company inspection at 9 in the morning. Meeting ½ past 10. Rained some.

(October) 20, Monday — Had battalion drill in the morning. Company drill in the afternoon. Had inspection _______ came to camp.

(October) 21, Tuesday — Had battalion drill in the morning. Company drill in the afternoon. Had dress parade.

(October) 22, Wednesday.  — In camp all day. Had no drill but had inspection of arms.

(October) 23, Thursday — Had battalion drill in the morning. Company drill in the afternoon. Had inspection and dress parade.

(October) 24, Friday — On guard. Had general inspection and company drill.

(October) 25, Saturday — Had battalion drill. Company drill in the afternoon. Had inspection and dress parade.

(October) 26, Sunday — Orders came for us to be ready to march at a moment’s notice. Drew three days rations.

(October) 27, Monday — Did not march as we expected. No drill but had inspection and dress parade.

(October) 28, Tuesday — Had battalion drill in the morning. Same in the afternoon. Had dress parade.

(October) 29, Wednesday — No drill in the morning. Company drill in the afternoon. Had dress parade.

(October) 30, Thursday — Had battalion drill in the morning. Had inspection. Left our camp [and] marched till 12 o’clock at night and camped.

(October) 31, Friday — Started on the march in the morning. {assed through Harper’s Ferry. Went about three miles and camped.

(November) 1, Saturday — In camp all day. Was mustered for pay. No drill.

(November) 2, Sunday — Left our camp at 7 in the morning. Marched all day. Camped about sundown.

(November) 3, Monday — In camp all day. Drew three days rations of pork, sugar, coffee. Fell in. Stacked arms. Cold.

(November) 4, Tuesday — Had general inspection at 10 o’clock by General Griffin. Our company was detailed to go out on picket.

(November) 5, Wednesday — Still on picket. Had a good time. All quiet.

(November) 6, Thursday — Came in from picket. Packed up our tents. Started on the march. Passed through Middleboro in platoons. Camp for the night.

(November) 7, Friday — Started on the march again. Went about 6 miles and camped. Drew three days rations. Snow about 2 inches deep.

(November) 8, Saturday — Left our camp. Went about 7 miles and camped for the night.

(November) 9, Sunday — Left our camp at daylight [and] marched about 31 miles. Camped. On guard. Had inspection.

(November) 10, Monday — Had a general review General McClellan. Took his farewell leave of the Army of the Potomac. Had dress parade.

(November) 11, Tuesday — Had company drill in the morning. Had inspection and dress parade.

(November) 12, Wednesday — Had company drill in the morning. Had a review in the afternoon by General Porter. He took his leave of the army.

(November) 13, Thursday — Had company drill in the morning. Battalion drill in the afternoon. Had inspection and dress parade.

(November) 14, Friday — Had company drill in the morning. Battalion drill in the afternoon. Had dress parade.

(November) 15, Saturday — No drill. Drew new overcoats, pants, drawer, shoes. Had a review by General Hooker. Had inspection.

(November) 16, Sunday — Had company inspection at 8 in the morning. Meeting ½ past 10. Had dress parade. Drew rations.

(November) 17, Monday — Packed up. Started on the march. Passed through Warrenton and Warrenton Junction. Camped for the night.

(November) 18, Tuesday — Resumed our march in the morning. Marched all day. Camped 13 miles from Fredericksburg. On guard.

(November) 19, Wednesday — Started again in the morning. Went about 6 miles. Camped for the night. Rained some. Drew rations.

(November) 20, Thursday — Rained all day. Did not march any that day. Cold and stormy.

(November) 21, Friday — In camp all day. Drew three days rations. Had dress parade. Cold.

(November) 22, Saturday — Packed up to march but did not go. Stayed in camp all day.

(November) 23, Sunday — Started on the march at 8 in the morning. Marched all day. Camped.

sadler-diary-scan-c

Handwriting of Silas Sadler in his 1862 Diary

(November) 24, Monday — Moved our tents and fixed up our streets. Had company inspection.

(November) 25, Tuesday. Went out to the 5th Michigan. Had company inspection.

(November) 26, Wednesday — In camp all day. Had company inspection. Cold.

(November) 27, Thursday — In camp all day. Had company inspection. No drill. Drew rations.

(November) 28, Friday — Our Colonel resigned. He came around and bid us goodbye. Had inspection.

(November) 29, Saturday — Moved our camp. Took most all day. Had inspection and dress parade.

(November) 30, Sunday — I was detailed to do police duty. Had meeting at 10 o’clock and regimental inspection. Had dress parade.

(December) 1, Monday — Went over to the 20th Michigan with W. Wishart. Drew rations. Had inspection.

(December) 2, Tuesday — Had company drill and dress parade and inspection.

(December) 3, Wednesday — Had company drill. Drew new dress coats, blankets, and shoes. Had dress parade.

(December) 4, Thursday — Went out on picket to stay two days. All quiet on the lines.

(December) 5, Friday — Went into camp after rations Snow fell about two inches. Cold and stormy.

(December) 6, Saturday — Was relieved on picket by the 5th New York Regiment. Came into camp [and] drew rations.

(December) 7, Sunday — Fixed up our tent. Built a fireplace. Got our knapsacks. Had dress parade.

(December) 8, Monday — Had company inspection but no drill. Had dress parade.

(December) 9, Tuesday — Had company inspections and dress parade. Cleaned up our quarters.

(December) 10, Wednesday — Orders came for us to ready to march with three days rations. At four o’clock, packed up but did not go.

(December) 11, Thursday — Started out for a fight. Our batteries opened on the Rebels. Changed our position several times.

(December) 12, Friday — Packed up in the morning [and] went about one mile. Stayed all day. Moved again at night and camped. Our batteries shelling Fredericksburg.

(December) 13, Saturday — Crossed the Rappahannock River into Fredericksburg. Our brigade went into the fight about 3 o’clock [and] fought till dark. Still on the battlefield.

(December) 14, Sunday — Still on the battlefield. Staid there all day. Was relieved at night. Went back to Fredericksburg.

(December) 15, Monday — In the streets of Fredericksburg all day. Considerable firing on both sides.

(December) 16, Tuesday — Left Fredericksburg about 3 in the morning, crossed the river [and] went back to our old camp. Rained hard.

(December) 17, Wednesday — Cleaned up our guns. Had company inspection. Drew rations.

(December) 18, Thursday — Had company inspection and dress parade. Drew three days rations of pork.

(December) 19, Friday — Had general inspection at 10 o’clock. No drill. Had dress parade.

(December) 20, Saturday — Had company inspection. Went down and got some wood. Had dress parade.

(December) 21, Sunday — Had meeting at 2 o’clock. Had inspection and dress parade. Pleasant.

(December) 22, Monday — Drew two days rations of sugar, pork, coffee. Had inspection and dress parade.

(December) 23, Tuesday — On guard. Had company inspection. No drill.

(December) 24, Wednesday — Fixed up our tents. Went out [and] got some cedar trees and set them out in the street. Had dress parade.

(December) 25, Thursday — Today is Christmas. Built a chimney to our tent. Had inspection and dress parade.

(December) 26, Friday — Had inspection and dress parade. Went down and got some wood.

(December) 27, Saturday — Had inspection and dress parade. Went down and got some wood.

(December) 28, Sunday — Had regimental inspection. At 10 o’clock meeting. At 11, had dress parade.

(December) 29, Monday — Had company drill and inspection and dress parade. Warm.

(December) 30, Tuesday — Lieutenant Allen went home on a furlough. Our division went out scouting.

(December) 31, Wednesday — Started for camp in the morning. Marched 32 miles that day. Got into camp after dark. Stormy.

SW Sadler, Ovid, Mich
George Allen, Ovid, Michigan
George Ovid, Clinton county, Michigan
Michigan, Tecu[mseh]